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speech disorder

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who cannot speak well and hesitate before speaking some words. it will provides you some yoga and medication on this presentation – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: speech disorder


1
Speech Disorder- Causes/ Symptoms/ Diagnosis/
Treatment
  • Speech Therapy

2
What is speech disorder ?
  • Speech disorders or speech impediments are a type
    of communication disorder where 'normal' speech
    is disrupted. This can mean stammer, stutter,
    lisps, etc. Someone who is unable to speak due to
    a speech disorder is considered mute. Such things
    may lead to low self-esteem but as development of
    depression.

3
Some Common Speech Disorders
  1. Apraxia of Speech (AOS)
  2. Stuttering Stammering
  3. Dysarthria
  4. Lisping
  5. Muteness Selective Mutism
  6. Aphasia

4
Apraxia Of Speech (AOS)
  • Apraxia of Speech (AOS) happens when the neural
    pathway between the brain and a persons speech
    function (speech muscles) is lost or obscured.
    The person knows what they want to say they can
    even write what they want to say on paper
    however the brain is unable to send the correct
    messages so that speech muscles can articulate
    what they want to say, even though the speech
    muscles themselves work just fine.

5
Stuttering - Stammering
  • Stuttering, also referred to as stammering, is so
    common that everyone knows what it sounds like
    and can easily recognize it. Everyone has
    probably had moments of stuttering at least once
    in their life. The National Institute on Deafness
    and Other Communication Disorders estimates that
    three million Americans stutter, and reports that
    of the up-to-10-percent of children who do
    stutter, three-quarters of them will outgrow it.
    It should not be confused with cluttering.

6
Dysarthria
  • Dysarthria is a symptom of nerve or muscle
    damage. It manifests itself as slurred speech,
    slowed speech, limited tongue, jaw, or lip
    movement, abnormal rhythm and pitch when
    speaking. Speech-Language pathologists helps in
    understanding the speech of the affected person.

7
Lisping
  • A lay term, lisping can be recognized by anyone
    and is very common.
  • Speech language pathologists provide an extra
    level of expertise and can make sure that a lisp
    is not being confused with another type of
    disorder such as apraxia, aphasia, impaired
    development of expressive language, or a speech
    impediment caused by hearing loss.

8
Muteness - Selective Mutism
  • There are different kinds of mutism, and here we
    are talking about selective mutism. This used to
    be called elective mutism to emphasize its
    difference from disorders that caused mutism
    through damage to, or irregularities in, the
    speech process.
  • Selective mutism is when a person does not speak
    in some or most situations, however that person
    is physically capable of speaking. It most often
    occurs in children, and is commonly exemplified
    by a child speaking at home but not at school.

9
Aphasia
  • The National Institute on Neurological Disorders
    and Stroke estimates that one million Americans
    have some form of aphasia.
  • Aphasia is a communication disorder caused by
    damage to the brains language capabilities.
    Aphasia differs from apraxia of speech and
    dysarthria in that it solely pertains to the
    brains speech and language center.

10
Causes Of Speech Disorder
  • Speech disorders affect the vocal cords, muscles,
    nerves, and other structures within the throat.
    Causes may include
  • Vocal cord damage
  • Brain damage
  • Muscle Weakness
  • Respiratory Weakness
  • Strokes
  • Polyps or nodules on the vocal cords.

11
Symptoms of Speech Disorders
  • Depending on the cause of the speech disorder,
    several symptom may be presented. Common symptoms
    experienced by people with speech disorders are
  • Repeating sound, which is often seen in people
    who stutter.
  • Adding extra sound and words.
  • Taking frequent pauses when talking.
  • Visible frustration when trying to communicate.
  • Hoarseness, or speaking with a raspy or gravelly
    sounding voice.
  • Making jerking movements while talking, usually
    involving the head.

12
Treatment Of Speech Disorder
  • Many of these types of disorders can be treated
    by speech therapy, but others require medical
    attention by a doctor in phoniatrics. Other
    treatments include correction of organic
    conditions and psychotherapy.
  • A speech therapist will help you in
    muscle-strengthening exercises for the face as
    well as throat. Youll learn to control your
    breathing while speaking. Muscle-strengthening
    exercises along with controlled breathing help to
    improve the way words sound. This helps to learn
    the ways to practice smoother, and fluent
    speech.Muscle-strengthening exercises and
    controlled breathing help improve the way your
    words sound. Youll also learn ways to practice
    smoother, more fluent speech.
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