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Fatty Liver Disease


The fatty liver disease often does not show any signs or symptoms in the beginning. In fact, it may take years, even decades before symptoms are apparent. Some symptoms include nausea, loss of weight or appetite, weakness, fatigue, and confusion, poor judgment, or difficulty paying attention. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Fatty Liver Disease

Fatty Liver Disease
  • Having some fat in the liver is normal, but if
    five to ten percent of the organs weight is fat,
    it may be due to fatty liver disease. One of the
    critical causes of the condition is drinking
    alcohol, so it is suggested any patient diagnosed
    with fatty liver disease should cease drinking
    alcohol immediately. On rare occasions, the fatty
    liver disease can also be diagnosed during
    pregnancy and can be risky for both the mother
    and baby, possibly leading to liver or kidney
    failure in either of them (or both).

  • There are two different types of fatty liver
    disease alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and
    nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

Signs And Symptoms Of Fatty Liver Disease
  • The fatty liver disease often does not show any
    signs or symptoms in the beginning. In fact, it
    may take years, even decades before symptoms are
    apparent. Some symptoms include nausea, loss of
    weight or appetite, weakness, fatigue, and
    confusion, poor judgment, or difficulty paying

  • Some other signs and symptoms include a larger
    liver, pain in the center or upper-right part of
    the stomach, and darker patches of skin on the
    neck or under the arms. Symptoms may worsen after
    drinking heavily. There is a possibility fatty
    liver disease leads to scarring of the liver,
    known formally as cirrhosis. If cirrhosis occurs,
    symptoms such as a buildup of fluid, internal
    bleeding, jaundice, and liver failure may occur.

Causes And Risk Factors Of Fatty Liver Disease
  • There is still not enough information to
    determine why some patients accumulate fat in
    their livers while others do not. There is also
    little understanding as to why some cases of the
    fatty liver disease lead to inflammation and
    cirrhosis. However, some common causes may better
    our understanding as to who is at risk of
    developing the fatty liver disease.

  • The causes of fatty liver disease include
    obesity or being overweight, insulin resistance,
    high blood sugar, and high levels of fats in the
    blood. The risk factors that increase the risk of
    developing NAFLD include high cholesterol, high
    levels of triglycerides in the blood, metabolic
    syndrome, obesity, polycystic ovary syndrome,
    sleep apnea, type 2 diabetes, hypothyroidism, and

  • Many causes and risk factors can contribute to
    developing the fatty liver disease. With this in
    mind, continue reading to learn about possible
    complications that can arise.

Possible Complications With Fatty Liver Disease
  • The main complication regarding fatty liver
    disease is cirrhosis, which is scarring in the
    liver. Cirrhosis occurs as a response to injury
    to the liver, such as inflammation. As the liver
    tries to cope with inflammation, it scars the
    tissue. Cirrhosis can lead to many other
    complications and risks if left untreated such as
    fluid buildup within the abdomen, swelling of
    veins in the esophagus that can potentially
    rupture and bleed, confusion, drowsiness, slurred
    speech, liver cancer, and end-stage liver
    failure. Approximately twenty percent of patients
    with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis will progress
    to cirrhosis.

Prevention Of Fatty Liver Disease
There are a few natural ways to prevent and
reduce the risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver
disease. The first step to preventing NAFLD is to
switch to a healthy plant-based diet rich in
fruits, vegetables, whole grains and healthy
fats. Healthy fats include omega fatty acids,
monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats which
can be found in many foods like fruits and nuts.
  • Other ways to prevent NAFLD include maintaining
    a healthy weight and getting an adequate amount
    of exercise throughout the week. Start off slow,
    and continue to push boundaries and reach new
    goals within an exercise routine.The fatty liver
    disease can be prevented by making healthy
    lifestyle changes. Keep reading to find out how
    it is diagnosed.

Diagnosing Fatty Liver Disease
Since symptoms may take years to onset, fatty
liver disease is often discovered when doing
tests for other reasons. Some methods used to
diagnose fatty liver disease include blood tests,
ultrasounds, computerized tomography (CT) scans,
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), transient
elastography, and magnetic resonance elastography.
If all other test results are inconclusive, a
liver biopsy may be implemented to remove a
sample of liver tissue. The tissue sample is then
examined for signs of inflammation and cirrhosis.
The liver biopsy may be painful and can have some
small risks.
Treatment Of Fatty Liver Disease
  • Beginning treatment for fatty liver disease
    begins with weight loss through a combination of
    changing to a healthier diet and getting more
    exercise. If suffering from ALD, the consumption
    of alcohol must cease immediately, and even with
    NAFLD, alcohol consumption should be limited, if
    any is consumed at all. An ideal amount of weight
    to lose is ten percent of total body weight, but
    improvements will become apparent after losing
    three to five percent of starting weight. Some
    other possible treatments include vaccines for
    hepatitis A and B to prevent further liver
    damage, and possibly a liver transplant for
    patients with cirrhosis.

Home Remedies For Fatty Liver Disease
  • The home remedies for treating and controlling
    fatty liver disease all rely on healthy changes
    to overall lifestyle. If overweight or obese,
    patients should attempt to lose up to ten percent
    of their weight by reducing caloric intake and
    increasing their physical activity. Similarly,
    they may need to change their diet to incorporate
    more healthy fats.

  • Other home remedies include lowering cholesterol
    and increasing vitamin E and other antioxidants.
    However, additional research is necessary to
    determine the effects of antioxidants. It has
    also been reported coffee may prevent liver
    damage, although it studies were inconclusive as
    to how much coffee is needed to reap the
    benefits. The fatty liver disease can be quite
    dangerous. However, by making lifestyle changes
    and tackling the problem early on it can mitigate
    the symptoms and possibility of developing

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