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Learn the rules of NFL football


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Title: Learn the rules of NFL football

Learn the rules of NFL football
Basic rules of the game
  • The goal of football is to score more points than
    the other team
  • The team with more points wins
  • Rules in the NFL
  • The best teams go on to the playoffs
  • If you lose in the playoffs, you are out
  • The team that wins the final game, the Super
    Bowl, is the champion of the league

Basic rules of the game (cont.)
  • Teams advance down the field on plays
  • A play is a plan of action, or strategy used
    to move the ball down the field. A play occurs
    at either a snap or a kickoff,
  • There are four quarters. The game resets with a
    kickoff at the end of the 2nd quarter, and at the
    end of the 4th quarter if it is tied
  • In the other quarters, play continues after

The field
  • Football is played on a 120-yard field
  • 20 yards are the end-zones, where you score, and
    the other 100 yards make up the playing field
  • There are uprights, shown in the top right, on
    either side of the field

Rules of playing
  • The ball has to be brought down the field to
  • This can be achieved by running with the ball, or
    throwing it down the field
  • While the offense is attacking, the defense is
    trying to stop them
  • On a throw, if the ball touches the ground and
    nobody touches it, then the play is dead
  • On a run, if the ball is dropped by the runner,
    then it is a loose ball and anybody can pick it
  • Four downs, or plays are given to each team to
    get 10 yards
  • Once the reach the 10 yards, it goes back to
    first down and the team has 10 yards again
  • If the team is on their fourth down, then they
    can choose to punt the ball away to the other
    team, giving the other team more distance to
    travel on the field
  • Then the other team can come on offense
  • The game consists of four quarters, each 15
    minutes long

When does the play end?
  • Plays can end in 6 different ways
  • The player steps out of bounds
  • A pass is dropped (hits the ground)
  • A player is tackled with the ball
  • A player scores
  • A field goal is missed
  • A fumbled ball goes out of bounds
  • A punt goes out of bounds, or into the end zone
  • When the play ends, a whistle is blown.
  • The game clock (time) is stopped in all of these
    instances except number 3
  • A player is tackled when his knee or elbow or
    entire body touches the ground. He is allowed to
    use his arms and legs

  • There are 5 different ways to score in football
  • Touchdown- Running into the end zone with the
    ball, or catching a ball in the end zone, awards
    6 points
  • Extra point- A kick through the uprights after a
    touchdown from the 15 yard line, awards 1
    additional point
  • 2-Point Conversion- Going into the end zone after
    scoring a touchdown, instead of kicking the extra
    point, awards 2 additional points. This is
    usually considered more risky and only used in
    tight games where the extra one point matters
  • Field Goal- Kicking the ball through the
    uprights, usually on fourth down or with little
    time left, awards 3 points
  • Safety- Tackling the opponent in their own end
    zone, awards 2 points

Positions- Offense
  • There are 5 basic positions on offense
  • Quarterback- Throws the ball, and hands it off
    to running backs
  • Wide Receiver- A really fast player catches the
    quarterbacks throws
  • Running Back- Runs with the ball after having it
    handed to him by the quarterback
  • Tight End- Like a wide receiver, but is stronger,
    and better at blocking
  • Offensive Lineman- A blocker for the quarterback
    or running back

Wide Receiver
Running Back
Tight End
Offensive Lineman
Positions- Defense
  • There are 4 basic positions on defense
  • Defensive Lineman- Big people who rush the
    quarterback and try to tackle him before he
  • Linebacker- Medium people who are fast and strong
    that sometimes rush the quarterback and sometimes
    try to defend receivers so they cant catch the
  • Cornerback- Smaller players who defend receivers
  • Safety- Smaller players who usually just defend
    zones instead of players

Defensive Lineman
Positions- Special Teams
  • There are 4 basic positions on defense
  • Kicker- Kicks field goals, extra points, and
  • Punter- Punts the ball to the other team on
    fourth downs
  • Kick returner- Returns kickoffs and
  • tries to run as far as he can towards
  • the end zone
  • Punt returner- Returns punts, and does the same
    thing as the kick returner

Kick Returner
Punt Returner
  • There are 3 different types of turnovers in
  • Fumble- If a player drops the ball after he has
    had possession of it (not just dropping a pass),
    then he has fumbled and the defense can pick the
    ball up. The defense can return it and then they
    go on offense
  • Interception- If the quarterback makes a bad
    throw, and a defender catches it and returns it,
    his team goes on offense at where he was tackled
  • Turnover on downs- If a team tried to go for a
    4th down, and they dont make it, the other team
    gets the ball

  • There are so many penalties in football.
    Whenever there is a penalty, the referee throws a
    yellow flag. Here are some common penalties
  • Offsides- When the defense runs past the
    offensive line before the play starts. The
    offense advances 5 yards and replays the play
  • False start- When the offensive line moves before
    the play starts. The offense loses 5 yards but
    gets to redo the play
  • Holding- Both on offense and defense. It is when
    blockers hold onto the player he is blocking so
    he cant move. Offensive holding sends the
    offense back 10 yards, and defensive holding
    bring the offense forward 5 yards. Both replay
    the play.
  • Pass interference- Both on offense and defense.
    When the ball is in the air, and the receiver and
    defender are fighting for it. One pushes the
    other out of the way intentionally. With
    defensive pass interference, it is often declined
    if the receiver catches the ball and advances.
    The penalty sends the offense to the spot where
    it took place. It also resets the play to first
    down. It acts as if the player caught it.
    Offensive pass interference sends the offense
    back 10 yards. It keeps the down the same.
  • Face Mask- When the defense grabs an offensive
    player by the mask on his helmet to tackle him.
    Awards the offence with 15 yards and a replay on
    the down
  • Delay of game- When the offense takes to long to
    snap the ball and start the play. This sends
    them back 5 yards.
  • Unnecessary Roughness- When a defender is too
    rough with the person they are tackling after
    they already tackled them. Offense advances 15
    yards and receives automatic first down
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