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EMDR Therapy | Agoraphobia | Digestive Disorders


1. EMDR Therapy. 2. What is EMDR Therapy and How Does it Work? 3. AGORAPHOBIA. 4. Signs Of Potential Agoraphobia. 5. Major Causes Of The Digestive Disorders. 6. Commonly Known Digestive Disorders. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: EMDR Therapy | Agoraphobia | Digestive Disorders

EMDR Therapy Agoraphobia Digestive Disorders
  1. EMDR Therapy
  2. What is EMDR Therapy and How Does it Work?
  4. Signs Of Potential Agoraphobia
  5. Major Causes Of The Digestive Disorders
  6. Commonly Known Digestive Disorders

EMDR Therapy
  • EMDR stands for eye movement desensitization and
    reprocessing. It is a form of psychotherapy that
    relies on eye movements to help reprogram the
    brain. Francine Shapiro developed EMDR therapy
    in 1989. She noticed that while she recalled a
    stressful thought, her eyes moved involuntarily.
    When she brought the movements under voluntary
    control, she became less anxious.
  • Stressful events are known to adversely affect
    many people. EMDR is based on the theory that
    persistent, prolonged reactions to trauma are due
    to partially or entirely unprocessed memories.
    EMDR is believed to be related to the Rapid Eye
    Movement (REM) that occurs during deep sleep.
    Through a similar process to REM sleep, EMDR is
    thought to release and assist in the processing
    of traumatic memories. It is believed to help
    alleviate trauma symptoms and is often used to
    treat Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. EMDR has
    also been used to treat panic attacks, phobias,
    stress, and addiction.
  • People often believe emotional trauma takes a
    long time to resolve. EMDR therapists believe
    the mind can heal from trauma much as the body
    recovers from injury. When the body is injured
    it will recover if something remains in the
    wound, or re-injury occurs, the wound wont heal.
    Healing can happen, once the blockage is removed
    from the wound. Practitioners believe EMDR is
    the instrument that can clear the blockage from a
    mental injury.
  • EMDR patients are first asked to recall a
    traumatic event or image. Next, the practitioner
    performs different kinds of sensory input, such
    as hand tapping or side-to-side eye movements
    during part of the session. The EMDR therapist
    pinpoints a memory to serve as a starting point
    and continues performing therapy through eye
    movements and other sensory strategies.

What is EMDR Therapy and How Does it Work?
  • Stage 1
  • The first stage of EMDR consists of the
    therapists assessment of the clients history.
    A therapist must know about their clients past
    in order to properly assist with EMDR therapy.
    Uncovering past childhood traumas, repressed
    memories, and other emotional distress can be
    utilized in the formation of a treatment plan.
  • Stage 2
  • This phase of EMDR therapy ensures that the
    client understands and has the ability to
    practice stress-relieving techniques so that the
    patient can access these techniques during an
    EMDR session. Maintaining a balance between
    accessing traumatic memories and relieving stress
    is crucial for this process.
  • Stages 3-6
  • In the assessing stage 3, the patient must focus
    on an image or picture of the event. Secondly,
    the patient identifies a negative belief,
    regardless if the belief is true or not.

What is EMDR Therapy and How Does it Work?
  • Thirdly, the patient chooses a positive belief to
    counteract the negative one. Eye movements,
    taps, tones, and feelings are employed during
    these phases in order to bring the client closer
    to the positive belief and therefore the closure
  • Stage 7
  • The closure stages goal is to leave the patient
    feeling more positive and physically and
    emotionally better than before the session began.
    The therapist will then instruct and guide the
    patient in using a journal to log thoughts,
    feelings, and any problems or experiences in
    between visits to the office. The journal
    logging also allows for a patient to have control
    and learn techniques on handling stressors and
  • Stage 8
  • This finals stage begins at the start of the
    following meeting between patient and therapist.
    The patient will inform the therapist of any
    progress or problems experienced since the
    previous session.

  • Agoraphobia is defined as an anxiety-related
    disease that keeps the affected people away from
    the circumstances and the areas that are likely
    to make them have a trapped, helpless, panicked,
    embarrassed, and a scared feeling.
  • Major Symptoms That Arises Due to Agoraphobia
  • Agoraphobia can be detected if the person is
    always anxious, is always estranged from other
    people, fears to be in an area that is not easy
    to escape from, fears to lose control in a place
    that is public, fears to be alone in a situation
    that is social, and finally he or she fears to
    leave their home for a long period of time.
  • Agoraphobia is mostly accompanied by panic
    attacks that come with a number of severe
    symptoms that are physical. These symptoms are
    like pain in the patients chest, a heart that is
    racing, a breath that occurs for a short period
    of time, dizziness effects, trembling effects,
    choking effects, sweating effects, flashes that
    are hot, and chills effects.

  • Agoraphobia makes patients have an experience of
    panic-related attacks every time they are in a
    situation that is stressful or one that is not
    comfortable. This is what activates the fear that
    arises as a result of being in an uncomfortable
  • Causes of Agoraphobia
  • Agoraphobia has no exact cause. However, there
    are factors that can contribute most to
    developing agoraphobia. Examples of them are
    depression effects, claustrophobia effects,
    social phobia affects, a generalized type of
    anxiety-related disorder, history pertaining of
    abuse of sex or physical abuse, a problem arising
    from substance abuse, and finally a family
    history that is related to agoraphobia.

Signs Of Potential Agoraphobia
  • Signs of potential agoraphobia
  • The avoidance social situations in free time and
    in the workplace
  • The complete avoidance of situations that may
    cause embarrassment
  • These feelings last more than 6 months
  • The realization that the anxiety is greater than
    the situation at hand
  • Making excuses to avoid what is believed to be
    potentially disabling situations
  • If a person experiences these feelings for more
    than 6 months than a consultation of a medical
    professional or doctor may be needed. If these
    symptoms are severely hindering day-to-day life,
    such as jobs, relationships with friends and
    family, and generally leaving the house, then
    agoraphobia could be present.

Major Causes Of The Digestive Disorders
  • Allergy To Some Foods And Intolerance To Food
  • Digestive disorders are caused by some foods that
    mainly lead to allergic reactions like the
    swelling of the lips, swelling of the mouth and
    also swelling in the back side of the throat.
    These are also in a position of causing vomiting
    issues and nausea effects.
  • A Diet That Is Poor
  • Digestive disorders are also caused by the highly
    fatty diet, foods that are sugary, low fiber
    foods, and foods that are fried. These diets
    cause slow passing of stool via the large
    intestine. Also, failure to take adequate can
    lead to constipation that causes digestive
  • Infection By The Bacteria
  • Digestive disorders can be caused as a result of
    the viral infection, bacterial infection and
    parasite infection. A person will realize that
    he/she has been infected of all the three if
    there signs of acute diarrhea. However, they can
    be treated using antibiotics apart from a viral

Major Causes Of The Digestive Disorders
  • Inflammation Diseases
  • Digestive disorders can arise due to the harming
    of the body tissues involving some parts of the
    digestive system by the immune system. There are
    diseases due to the autoimmune that leads to the
    problems that affect the gastrointestinal.
  • Causes That Are Structural
  • Digestive disorders are caused by some
    abnormalities in the digestive system that are
    structural. These are likely to hamper the normal
    functioning of the digestive system. A good
    example is an ulcer situated in the lining of the
    intestines or the stomach.
  • Causes That Are Genetic
  • Digestive disorders like type 1 of diabetes,
    cancer of the colon, a disorder of the Crohns,
    liver disorder and much more are said to be
  • Choices That Are Made In Ones Life
  • Digestive disorders can be caused by a persons
    choice in life. These choice are like having
    stress in each and every time, avoiding
    exercises, and many more. Thus, it is seen that a
    persons way of living is likely to affect
    him/her in one way or another.

Commonly Known Digestive Disorders
  • Celiac Disorder
  • Digestive disorders that affect the small
    intestine are identified as celiac. This type of
    disorder interferes with the normal way through
    which the nutrients are absorbed from the meal.
    Those patients affected by the celiac disorder
    are said to be gluten sensitive whereby gluten is
    one form of protein that is mainly found in the
    foods like wheat and others. The commonly
    observed symptoms by the people affected by the
    celiac disorder are fatigue, loss of weight,
    diarrhea, pain in the abdomen, bloating in the
    abdomen, anxiety, seizures, and many more.
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  • Digestive disorders that arise as a result of the
    changes that affect the normal working of GI
    tract are identified as irritable bowel syndrome.
    This kind of disorder is currently affecting
    approximately 17 of the adult in the whole
    world whereby twice a number of women as compared
    to men are affected by this same disorder. The
    commonly observed symptoms by the people affected
    by this kind of disorder are the pain in the
    abdomen, bowel habits start to change and also
    cramping signs are observed.

Commonly Known Digestive Disorders
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux
  • Digestive disorders that make the lower part of
    the esophageal sphincter to become weak or to
    relax when it is not required to, are identified
    as gastroesophageal reflux diseases. This type of
    disorder makes the contents of the stomach to
    changes their destinations to the esophagus where
    they trigger the heartburn. The commonly observed
    symptoms include wheezing, feel of pain when
    swallowing something, vomiting, feeling pain in
    the chest, nausea, having a bad breath, a cough
    that is dry and chronic, and a sore throat.
  • Inflammatory Bowel
  • Digestive disorders that arise as a result of the
    combination of the genetics, human immune system
    that is faulty and the environmental factors, are
    referred to as inflammatory bowel diseases.
    These type of disorder has been recorded to be
    affecting a large number of people. This disorder
    is the one that gives a pathway to the diseases
    like the ulcerative colitis disorder and the
    Crohn disease. The associated symptoms are
    diarrhea that is persistent, bleeding of the
    rectal, constipation and pain in the abdomen.

Thank You
  • For more details, please visit
  • http//www.hhccentre.com/emdr-therapy/
  • http//www.hhccentre.com/agoraphobia/
  • http//www.hhccentre.com/digestive-disorders/
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