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Rabies Vaccinations

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Rabies is a fatal viral disease from animal bites and scratches, that claims 60,000 – 100,000 lives per year worldwide. Every year 15-20 million people need treatment following an animal exposure (bite, scratch or lick) that could have a rabies risk. Less than a handful of people have ever survived rabies as far as we know.It is almost always fatal (Rabies Travel Vaccinations). Learn more at: – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Rabies Vaccinations


1
Rabies Vaccinations
Rabies is a fatal viral disease from animal bites
and scratches, that claims 60,000 100,000 lives
per year worldwide. Every year 15-20 million
people need treatment following an animal
exposure (bite, scratch or lick) that could have
a rabies risk. Less than a handful of people have
ever survived rabies as far as we know.It is
almost always fatal (Rabies Travel Vaccinations)
2
Rabies vaccination
Pre-exposure vaccination is a highly effective
measure in lowering the risk of this disease
following a bite or scratch from a suspected
rabid animal. Pre-exposure vaccination does NOT
just buy you time. Vaccinations against
rabies has taken on added importance since human
rabies immunoglobulin (the antidote called HRIG)
has been in limited supply in the countries where
the rabies risk is highest  East Asia (India,
Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Indonesia
including Bali, etc.), Sub-Saharan Africa and
Latin America.
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Rabies prevention, before you go
Book an appointment for a pre-travel consultation
at least 6 weeks before you are due to travel. A
rabies vaccine is available for travellers who
are considered to be at risk of rabies. Your
healthcare provider will be able to talk to you
about your risk of rabies and any other disease
risks in your chosen destination. Please note
that receiving rabies vaccine prior to travel
does not eliminate the need for a medical
evaluation if you are exposed to a possibly rabid
animal during your trip. Urgent medical advice
should always be sought following any possible
exposure to rabies additional doses of rabies
vaccine may be needed. You can help to ensure
you receive the correct treatment after a
possible exposure to rabies by keeping a record
of your rabies vaccinations with you at all times
whilst you are traveling. It is important to show
this to the doctor or nurse treating you after
any potential rabies exposure. For future trips
booster doses may be recommended, so check with
your practice nurse or doctor before traveling
overseas.
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What if you dont get vaccinated before traveling?
If you do not have rabies vaccination before
traveling, you may need more intensive treatment
in the event of a potential exposure to rabies,
including a treatment called immunoglobulin,
which will be followed by 5 doses of the rabies
vaccine over the course of the following
month. Rabies immunoglobulin is vital for
immediate protection but it has been difficult to
obtain in some countries for a number of years
now. In such cases you may need to quickly travel
to a nearby country or home to the UK for
immediate treatment. While you are there, what
can you do to protect yourself from rabies?
  • Avoid contact with wild and domestic animals
  • Do not approach animals or attempt to pick up an
    unusually tame animal or one that appears unwell
  • Do not attract stray animals by offering food or
    by being careless with litter
  • Be aware that certain activities can attract dogs
    (e.g. running, cycling)
  • Be aware that children are at higher risk of
    rabies as they are less likely to avoid contact
    with animals or report a lick or bite.
  • If you are bitten, scratched, or licked on an
    open wound (such as a cut or a patch of eczema)
    or mucous membrane (eyes, nose or mouth) you must
    seek medical attention immediately.

Never think that a wound is so small it cant be
a risk. If the skin is broken then the rabies
virus may be able to enter.
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