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Total Knee Replacement Surgery

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Title: Total Knee Replacement Surgery


1
Total knee Replacement Surgery
2
What is total knee replacement
  • Knee Replacement Surgery also known as Knee
    Arthroplasty is a process to replace the weight
    bearing surfaces of the knee joint to relieve the
    pain. Knee replacement surgery can be performed
    for other knee diseases such as rheumatoid
    arthritis and psoriatic arthritis.
  • Knee Replacement Surgery has been proven to help
    individuals return back to normal life and can do
    challenging activities like golf, bicycling, and
    swimming. Total knees are not designed for
    jogging, or sports like tennis and skiing
    (although there certainly are people with total
    knee replacements that participate in such
    sports).

3
When should anyone have Knee Replacement Surgery?
When should anyone have Knee Replacement Surgery?
  • A person would be considered a candidate for knee
    replacement surgery if there is
  • Daily pain
  • The pain is severe enough to restrict work,
    recreation and ordinary activities of daily
    living
  • Significant stiffness in the knee
  • Significant instability (constant giving way) of
    the knee
  • Significant deformity (knock-knees or bow-legs)
    that hinders normal function of the knee
  • Damage from arthritic conditions, such
    as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis or
    post-traumatic arthritis

4
What are different types of Knee Replacement
Surgery?
What are different types of Knee Replacement
Surgery?
  1. Total Knee Replacement Surgery
  2. Partial Knee Replacement
  3. Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement
  4. Revision Knee Replacement Surgery
  5. Computer Assisted Surgery
  6. Bilateral Knee Replacement

5
Total Knee Replacement Surgery
Total Knee Replacement Surgery
  • Total knee replacement surgery removes all weight
    bearing, damaged knee cartilage and bone and
    replaces it with a man made metal or plastic
    joint that tries to replicate the knee function.
    In total knee replacement surgery, a highly
    polished strong metal alloy replaces the femur
    portion of the knee joint a strong durable
    polymer tray replaces the tibia portion of the
    joint, and more plastic replaces the kneecap or
    patella. Total Knee Replacement Surgery usually
    takes 1.5 to 3 hours.
  • The total knee replacement surgery can help to
    relieve the pain and restore the function in
    severely diseased knee joints.

6
Reasons that benefit from total knee replacement
surgery commonly includes
Reasons that benefit from total knee replacement
surgery commonly includes
  • Severe knee pain that limits your everyday
    activities, including walking, climbing stairs,
    and getting in and out of chairs. Anyone may find
    it hard to walk more than a few blocks without
    significant pain and may need to use a walker.
  • Moderate or severe knee pain while resting,
    either day or night
  • Chronic knee inflammation and swelling that does
    not improve with rest or medications
  • Knee Disease a bowing in or out of your knee
  • Knee stiffness inability to bend and straighten
    your knee
  • Inability to tolerate or complications from pain
    medications

7
Partial Knee Replacement
Partial Knee Replacement
  • Partial knee replacement Surgery, or uni
    compartmental knee replacement Surgery, is the
    choice if only one part of the knee is severely
    damaged and requires replacement rather than the
    entire joint. An implant for either the femur
    portion, tibia portion or patella portion is
    surgically inserted through a smaller incision.
    If two or more sections of the knee are damaged,
    the partial knee replacement surgery may not be
    the best treatment choice. Hospital stays are
    generally shorter perhaps even overnight.
  • Although not as common as total knee replacement
    surgery, the partial or unicompartmental knee
    replacement surgery is a viable alternative in
    limited situations. The designs of the Partial
    types of knee replacements have improved over the
    years. The Partial knee replacement surgery also
    has smaller, less invasive incisions.

8
Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement
Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement
  • Newer minimally invasive knee replacement
    surgery uses specific surgical techniques that
    allow a 3 to 5 inch incision rather than the
    standard 8 to 12 inch incision. The smaller
    incision provides for recovery with potentially
    less scar tissue formation, less pain, and a
    faster healing period. Hospital stays are from
    one to three days.
  • A recent advance in the performance of total knee
    replacement surgery is the use of minimally
    invasive surgical approaches. Minimally invasive
    knee replacement surgery technique is more
    challenging than standard total knee replacement.
    The incisions are approximately half the size of
    those used in a standard approach. The smaller
    incisions and new techniques to expose the joint
    may result in short-term advantages such as a
    quicker rehabilitation, less pain, and a shorter
    hospitalization, according to some reports.

9
  • Foot and ankle movement also is repeated after
    the surgery to increase blood flow in leg muscles
    to help prevent leg swelling and blood clots.
    Most patients begin exercising their knee the day
    after surgery. A physical therapist will teach
    you specific exercises to strengthen your leg and
    restore knee movement to allow walking and other
    normal daily activities soon after your surgery.

10
Revision Knee Replacement Surgery
Revision Knee Replacement Surgery
  • Revision knee replacement Surgery is for removing
    and replacing a prosthetic knee joint that is
    worn out. Revision knee replacement surgery can
    be repeated multiple times, but scar tissue
    formation from previous knee surgeries can make
    the procedure increasingly difficult with each
    replacement event.

11
Computer Assisted Surgery
Computer Assisted Surgery
  • Knee replacement using computer assisted surgery,
    or CAS, is a computer-driven technology that uses
    computer guided imagery during surgery. The
    computer treats the alignment of the knee
    components during the surgical procedure and
    renders the alignment more accurate. The high
    level of accuracy may increase the longevity of
    the total knee replacement.

12
Bilateral Knee Replacement
Bilateral Knee Replacement
  • For the patients who have both knees equally
    affected by cartilage damage and decreased
    mobility, bilateral knee replacement surgery is
    an option. Both knees undergo any of the above
    mentioned knee replacement type surgeries at the
    same time.
  • How successful is the Knee Replacement Surgery?
  • Knee replacement surgery is recognized as a
    miracle of modern surgery. Most orthopedic
    Surgeons consider replacement surgery to be the
    best method of handling arthritis in the knee.
    Knee replacements have literally put hundreds and
    thousands of humans back on their feet and
    allowed them to enjoy their golden years.

13
What are the benefits of Knee Replacement Surgery?
What are the benefits of Knee Replacement
Surgery?
  • Pain Relief
  • When arthritic joint surfaces are re - surfaced
    just like in the case of a knee replacement
    implants made of a combination of metal and high
    density plastic are fixed onto the prepared
    surfaces. Since the original, arthritis - laden
    joint surfaces have been removed and replaced
    with metallic and plastic materials the original
    joint pain caused by the exposed bone, no longer
    exists. This gives the patient a considerable
    reduction or even elimination of pain.

14
benefits of Knee Replacement Surgery
benefits of Knee Replacement Surgery
  • Improved Mobility
  • When the joint anatomy is rough and irregular
    secondary to advanced arthritis, the ability of
    the joint to move smoothly is limited.
    Frequently, overall range of motion can be
    severely limited due to joint surface
    irregularity as well as the presence of excessive
    fluid production. Total knee replacement can
    largely restore range of motion.

15
benefits of Knee Replacement Surgery
benefits of Knee Replacement Surgery
  • Improved quality of life
  • When a person is no longer burdened by chronic,
    pain and joint motion has been vastly improved,
    the quality of life is improved as well. Most
    patients visiting a surgeon's office for
    consideration of a knee joint replacement have
    endured long standing pain and functional
    impairment. A successful joint replacement can
    return the patient to leading a normal life.

16
How much does Knee Replacement Surgery cost in
India?
How much does Knee Replacement Surgery cost in
India?
  • India is the most preferred medical tourism
    destination as it provides low cost Knee
    replacement surgery option for national and
    international medical tourists.
  • The cost of knee replacement surgery in India is
    almost ¼ of the cost that in UK, US and other
    developed countries.

17
  • The below-mentioned costs are an approximate
    range for knee replacement surgeries, meant as a
    guide
  • Single Knee Replacement - 2.0 - 3.2 (cost in
    lakhs )
  • Bilateral Knee Replacement - Single Sitting - 3.5
    - 6.0 (cost in lakhs)
  • Bilateral Knee Replacement - Staged- 4.0 - 6.4
    (cost in lakhs)

18
Some of the hospitals that are best for Knee
Replacement Surgery in India are
Some of the hospitals that are best for Knee
Replacement Surgery in India are
  • Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon
  • Dharamshila Cancer Hospital, New Delhi
  • Medanta - The Medicity, Gurgaon
  • Columbia Asia Yeshwantpur, Bengalaru
  • Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon
  • BLK Hospital
  • Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi
  • Global Health City, Chennai
  • Global Hospital, Mumbai
  • Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai

19
Some more Best Hospitals
  • Nanavati Super Speciality Hospital, Mumbai
  • Aster Medcity, Kerala
  • Apollo Hospital, Chennai
  • Jaslok Hospital, Mumbai
  • Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi
  • Max Hospital, New Delhi
  • Manipal Hospital, Bangalore
  • Sparsh Hospital, Bangalore
  • MIOT Hospital, Chennai
  • BGS Global Hospital, Bangalore

20
What care is provided by Hospital after knee
replacement surgery?
  • Usually the first day after knee replacement
    surgery, you'll begin to work with a physical
    therapist who will teach you exercise to regain
    full leg and knee movement.
  • During the hospital stay, the patient will attend
    physical therapy once or twice a day. An
    occupational therapist and nurse discharge
    planner will help you prepare for your return
    home.
  • Your doctor may recommend a continuous passive
    motion (CPM) machine that bends and straightens
    your knee.
  • You may be given special elastic stockings to
    reduce swelling. An anticoagulant medication also
    may be administered to help circulation and
    prevent blood clots.

21
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  • Any query regarding surgery
  • Call us at 91 8010335566
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  • Visit www.lazoi.com
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