Depression Causes, Symptoms & its Treatment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Depression Causes, Symptoms & its Treatment

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Depression (major depressive disorder) is A common and serious medical illness. That negatively affects how you feel, the way you think and how you act. Fortunately, it is also treatable. Depression causes feelings of sadness and / or A loss of interest in activities once enjoyed. It can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems and can decrease a person’s ability to function at work and at home. According to the world health organization (who), depression is the most common illness worldwide and the leading cause of disability. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Depression Causes, Symptoms & its Treatment


1
DEPRESSION
  • By must4care

2
Description of Depression
  • Depression (major depressive disorder) is A
    common and serious medical illness
  • That negatively affects how you feel, the way you
    think and how you act.
  • Fortunately, it is also treatable. Depression
    causes feelings of sadness and / or A loss of
    interest in activities once enjoyed.
  • It can lead to a variety of emotional and
    physical problems and can decrease a persons
    ability to function at work and at home.
  • According to the world health organization (who),
    depression is the most common illness worldwide
    and the leading cause of disability.

3
Causes of Depression
  • Genetics
  • Biological
  • Changes in neurotransmitter levels
  • Environmental
  • Psychological And Social
  • (Psychosocial)
  • Life Events
  • These include bereavement, divorce, work issues,
    relationships with friends and family, financial
    problems medical concerns, or acute stress.

4
Causes of Depression
  • Personality
  • Those with less successful coping strategies, or
    previous life trauma are more suceptible.
  • Genetic Factors
  • Having A first-degree relatives with depression
    increases the risk.
  • Childhood Trauma
  • Some Prescription Drugs
  • These include corticosteroids, some beta-blockers,
    interferon, and other prescription drugs.
  • Abuse Of Recreational Drugs
  • Abuse of alcohol, amphetamines, and other drugs
    are strongly linked to depression.
  • A Past Head Injury.

5
Major Types of Depression
  • Unipolar
  • If the predominant feature is A depressed mood,
    it is called unipolar depression. 
  • Bipolar Depression
  • This characterized by both manic and depressive
    episodes separated by periods of normal mood, it
    is referred to as bipolar disorder
  • Major Depressive Disorder With Psychotic Features
  • This condition is characterized by depression
    accompanied by psychosis.
  • Postpartum Depression
  • Women often experience "baby blues" with A
    newborn, but postpartum depression - also known
    as postnatal depression - is more severe.
  • Major Depressive Disorder With Seasonal Pattern
  • This condition is related to the reduced daylight
    of winter

6
Symptoms of Depression
  • Depressed Mood
  • Reduced Interest Or Pleasure In Activities
    Previously Enjoyed, Loss Of Sexual Desire
  • Unintentional Weight Loss (Without Dieting) Or
    Low Appetite
  • Insomnia (Difficulty Sleeping) Or Hypersomnia
    (Excessive Sleeping)
  • Psychomotor Agitation, For Example, Restlessness,
    Pacing Up And Down
  • Delayed Psychomotor Skills, For Example, Slowed
    Movement And Speech
  • Fatigue Or Loss Of Energy
  • Feelings Of Worthlessness Or Guilt
  • Impaired Ability To Think, Concentrate, Or Make
    Decisions
  • Recurrent Thoughts Of Death Or Suicide, Or
    Attempt At Suicide

7
Treatment of Depression
  • Medications
  • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (ssris)
  • Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors
    (snris).
  • Atypical antidepressants
  • Tricyclic antidepressants.
  • Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (maois).
  • Other medications.

8
Treatment of Depression
  • Psychotherapy
  • Adjust to A crisis or other current difficulty
  • Identify negative beliefs and behaviors and
    replace them with healthy, positive ones
  • Explore relationships and experiences, and
    develop positive interactions with others
  • Find better ways to cope and solve problems
  • Identify issues that contribute to your
    depression and change behaviors that make it
    worse
  • Regain A sense of satisfaction and control in
    your life and help ease depression symptoms, such
    as hopelessness and anger
  • Learn to set realistic goals for your life
  • Develop the ability to tolerate and accept
    distress using healthier behaviors

9
Treatment of Depression
  • Alternate Formats For Therapy
  • Hospital And Residential Treatment
  • Other Treatment Options
  • Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT).
  • In ECT, electrical currents are passed through
    the brain to impact the function and effect of
    neurotransmitters in your brain to relieve
    depression.
  • Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (Tms).
  • TMS may be an option for those who haven't
    responded to antidepressants.

10
God Bless Us
11
For More Information Please Visit
  • http//must4care.com
  • https//www.facebook.com/Must4care/
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