Gestational Diabetes - A Common Syndrome During Pregnancy - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Gestational Diabetes - A Common Syndrome During Pregnancy

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Pregnant women who have never had diabetes before but who have high blood glucose (sugar) levels during pregnancy are said to have gestational diabetes. According to a 2014 analysis by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the prevalence of gestational diabetes is as high as 9.2%. Know more : Click here to know more about best gynecology hospital : – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Gestational Diabetes - A Common Syndrome During Pregnancy


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  • Pregnant women who have never had diabetes before
    but who have high blood glucose (sugar) levels
    during pregnancy are said to have gestational
    diabetes. According to a 2014 analysis by the
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the
    prevalence of gestational diabetes is as high as
    9.2.
  • Women who are obese or who have had gestational
    diabetes during their previous pregnancy, or
    women who have a strong family history of
    diabetes are at a high risk of developing
    gestational diabetes.

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  • Untreated or poorly controlled gestational
    diabetes can be harmful to the foetus. When one
    has gestational diabetes, the pancreas works
    overtime to produce insulin. But the insulin does
    not lower the blood glucose levels. Although
    insulin does not cross the placenta, glucose and
    other nutrients do. So extra blood glucose goes
    through the placenta (organ attached to the
    lining of the womb during pregnancy), giving the
    baby high blood glucose levels. This causes the
    babys pancreas to make extra insulin to get rid
    of the blood glucose. Since the baby gets more
    energy than it needs in order to grow and
    develop, the extra energy is stored as fat, and
    thus the baby puts on weight, which can increase
    the risk of early labor.

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  • Babies with macrosomia (heavy weight) face health
    problems of their own, including damage to their
    shoulders during birth. Because of the extra
    insulin made by the baby's pancreas, it may cause
    low blood glucose levels at birth and could also
    put the newborn at a higher risk for breathing
    problems. Babies with excess insulin become
    children who are at risk for obesity and after
    they grow up they are at risk for type 2
    diabetes.
  • Gestational diabetes raises the risk of high
    blood pressure in mothers and also puts them at a
    high risk of developing diabetes during future
    pregnancy, and making them more likely to develop
    type 2 diabetes when they get older. However,
    this can be avoided by adopting a healthy
    lifestyle, which includes consuming a healthy
    diet and doing regular exercises.

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