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Tourism and their impact on Environment

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Tourism is one of the world's fastest growing industries as well as the major source of foreign exchange earning and employment for many developing countries, and it is increasingly focusing on natural environments. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Tourism and their impact on Environment


1
Tourism and their impact on Environment
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  • Tourism is one of the world's fastest growing
    industries as well as the major source of foreign
    exchange earning and employment for many
    developing countries, and it is increasingly
    focusing on natural environments.
  • Developmental activities have taken a toll on the
    environment and has have resulted in loss of
    biodiversity.
  • Tourism, though, beneficial for the countrys
    economy, harms nature when it is not planned
    properly.

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Positive Impact of tourism
  • Tourism constitutes an opportunity for economic
    development, economic diversification and the
    growth of related activities, in developing
    countries especially, contributing around 1.5 per
    cent of world gross national product.
  • Tourism can provide an alternative to development
    scenarios that may have greater environmental
    impacts.
  • Tourism can significantly contribute to
    environmental protection, conservation and
    restoration of biological diversity and
    sustainable use of natural resources.

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Negative Impact of Tourism
  • Water Quality
  • The tourism industry impacts water quality
    through construction and maintenance of tourist
    infrastructure, recreational boating, and certain
    activities of the cruise industry.
  • The construction of tourist facilities and
    infrastructure also increases the amount of
    impervious surfaces, which in turn increases the
    amount of polluted runoff reaching waterbodies.

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  • Air Quality
  • Transport by air, road, and rail is continuously
    increasing in response to the rising number of
    tourist activities in India.
  • Air pollution from tourist transportation has
    impacts on the global level, especially from
    carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions related to
    transportation energy use and it can lead to
    severe local air pollution.

9
  • Impacts on Wildlife
  • Wildlife can be adversely affected by the
    construction and maintenance of tourist
    infrastructure, and by tourist activities.
  • Impacts from tourist infrastructure can be
    direct, such as when development in lower
    elevations of mountain resorts restricts the
    migratory range of certain wildlife.

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