Congenital Heart Disease : Symptoms, causes and treatment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Congenital Heart Disease : Symptoms, causes and treatment

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Congenital Heart Disease is a type of disease related to birth. Mostly, congenital heart diseases are found in newly born children. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Congenital Heart Disease : Symptoms, causes and treatment


1
Congenital Heart Disease
2
Congenital Heart Disease
  • Heart is the most important part of our body
    without which no one can live. But it is also
    true that the heart diseases are increasing
    rapidly day by day because of our life style.
    Congenital Heart Disease is a type of disease
    related to birth. Mostly, congenital heart
    diseases are found in newly born children. It
    includes the hole between the chambers of the
    heart because the blood does not flow in a proper
    way or blood flow is blocked. Some doctors say
    that it is the condition occurs when body doesnt
    get enough oxygen. There are many symptoms of
    Congenital Heart Disease like shortness of
    breath, respiratory infections, heart murmur, and
    poor growth but sometimes these symptoms may not
    be felt while you are having Congenital Heart
    Disease. These diseases are related to heart
    severity or heart defects.

3
Causes of Congenital Heart Disease
  • There are many causes of Congenital Heart
    Disease some of which are as follows
  • Environmental factors There are environmental
    factors which cause Congenital Heart Diseases in
    people as it contains chemicals or drugs. For
    example if mother has an infection of rubella,
    measles during pregnancy or some chemicals or
    drugs like alcohol, lithium or the mother is ill
    from diabetes, mellitus. During pregnancy you
    have to take care of yourself from various
    diseases and you have to take proper nutrition
    and diet.
  • Maternal diseases Maternal diseases increase the
    chances of having Congenital Heart Disease. For
    example, when mother has Congenital Heart Disease
    or a child whose siblings are suffering from this
    disease, the chances of Congenital Heart Disease
    increase since they are related to each other by
    way of hormones.
  • Chromosome abnormalities Chromosome
    abnormalities happen when parents DNA is added
    and parents have this type of disease or child
    having abnormality due to Congenital Heart
    Disease like Downs syndrome. The studies
    revealed that 50 percent of child who have Downs
    syndrome are having Congenital Heart Disease too.

4
Defects of Congenital Heart Disease
  • There are many defects of Congenital Heart
    Disease
  • Atrial septal defect It is a common type of
    heart disease that enables the blood to flow from
    left to the right part of the heart. Septum is a
    separation between the left and right atria. If
    the septum is not present then left atria can go
    with oxygenated blood to the right atria in which
    deoxygenated blood is present and this can affect
    your heart as well as brain because no proper
    oxygen is provided to heart.
  • Aortic stenosis It is a disease of heart valve
    in which opening of aortic valve is much
    narrowed. Aorta is the largest artery in the
    blood which carries the blood from all the parts
    of the body. Aorta and left ventricle is present
    in between the aortic valves. These symptoms are
    shortness of breath, exertion etc.

5
Treatments
  • Many congenital heart defects can be diagnosed
    with the help of ultrasound when the women are
    pregnant for 18-24 weeks. This diagnose helps
    these women to have a proper care of her child so
    that proper precautions should be taken care of.
    There are many treatments of congenital heart
    disease. Some of them are as follows
  • Medication You have to follow doctors
    instructions strictly because congenital heart
    defects are different from person to person.
    Proper medicines should be taken after taking
    doctors advice.
  • Surgery If the defect is serious then the
    surgery should be done. With the surgery you can
    decrease the effect of congenital heart disease.
    But before going under surgical treatment you
    should see whether surgical is the last option or
    with the help of medication you will be fine.
  • Regular exercise Regular exercise would reduce
    the risk of having congenital heart disease. It
    improves your heart conditions like you will feel
    healthy and fit.
  • Congenital heart disease is serious but can be
    cured so take every step by which you can get
    over it but be sure that you have taken doctors
    advice.

6
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