Carbuncle: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Carbuncle: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention


Carbuncle is a skin infection resulting in the formation of a lump that may contain pus. Carbuncle is also known as staph skin infection. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Carbuncle: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention

  • Carbuncle is a skin infection resulting in the
    formation of a lump that may contain pus.
    Carbuncle is also known as staph skin infection.
    When there is a formation of more than one
    carbuncle, it is called Carbonculosis. A
    carbuncle occurs deep under the skin and involves
    a group of hair follicles. Carbuncle appears as a
    swollen, red, and painful bunch of boils that are
    linked to each other beneath the skin. Carbuncle
    generally develops in a hairy area of the body,
    such as behind the neck, armpits, thighs,
    buttocks, and groin. Carbuncles are more common
    among men than in women. 

Causes of Carbuncle 
  • Carbuncle skin infection is caused by the
    bacteria staphylococcus, streptococcus pyogenes,
    and methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus.
    These bacteria enter the skin by piercing through
    hair follicles. Carbuncle is highly contagious
    therefore, it can spread easily to other parts of
    the body and can affect other people. A lump
    formed due to carbuncle is filled with fluid,
    pus, and dead tissue. People with dermatitis, diab
    etes, and weak immune system are at greater risk
    of developing staph infections as their body
    cannot defend bacteria for longer periods.
    Sometimes poor hygiene and a cut from clothing or
    shaving can also cause carbuncle.

  • A general symptom of Carbuncle is formation
    of red boil under your skin. A carbuncle can
    range from a size of a pea to the size of half
    grown onion. Other symptoms of carbuncle may
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Irritation
  • Swelling
  • Itching
  • Pain around the affected area
  • Spreading of lump to other skin areas

Diagnosis of Carbuncle
  • A dermatologist usually diagnoses a carbuncle by
    looking at it. Tell him about the symptoms you
    have been experiencing. He may also take a pus
    sample from the carbuncle. This sample is
    observed in the lab to determine causative agent.
    If you have diabetes or other health issues, a
    dermatologist may order urine test or blood
    test to check your overall health. A blood test
    will help in detecting the infection that might
    be causing carbuncle.

  • Most of the carbuncles are easily treatable at
    home. However, if the boil is near the eyes,
    nose, or spine, it is recommended to see a
    dermatologist. There are very rare chances that
    carbuncle could lead to infections that are
    serious in nature. Home cures for Carbuncles
  • Wash the carbuncle with antibacterial soap
  • Avoid frequent touching of carbuncle
  • Wash your hands after touching a boil
  • Place a warm moist cloth on the carbuncle for a
    few minutes
  • Apply sterile bandage to avoid further growth of

  • Medicinal treatment for Carbuncles
  • Antibiotics that will help in faster draining of
  • Pain killers, to reduce pain
  • Doctor prescribed ointment
  • Draining the carbuncle with a needle by a

Preventing Carbuncles 
  • Regularly wash clothes, sheets and towel
  • Always wash hands before eating anything
  • Avoid sharing towel, razor, or trimmer
  • Use antibacterial soap to prevent bacterial

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