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Guidance Of Home Flooring

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Title: Guidance Of Home Flooring


1
GUIDANCE OF HOME FLOORING
  • 26019 Jefferson Ave Ste C, Murrieta CA 92562
    info_at_superfloorstore.com
  • 951-461-2884 or Visit at www.superfloorstore.co
    m

2
ABOUT HOME FLOORING
  • Flooring is the general term for a permanent
    covering of a floor, or for the work of
    installing such a floor covering. floor covering
    is a term to generically describe any finish
    material applied over a floor structure to
    provide a walking surface. both terms are used
    interchangeably but floor covering refers more to
    loose-laid materials. materials almost always
    classified as flooring include carpet, laminate,
    tile and vinyl.

3
SUBFLOOR
  • The floor under the flooring is called
    the subfloor, which provides the support for the
    flooring. Special purpose subfloors like floating
    floors, raised floors or sprung floors may be
    laid upon another underlying subfloor which
    provides the structural strength. Subfloors that
    are below grade (underground) or ground level
    floors in buildings without basements typically
    have a cement subfloor. Subfloors above grade
    (above ground) typically have a plywood subfloor.

4
FLOORING MATERIALS
  • The choice of material for floor covering is
    affected by factors such as cost, endurance,
    noise insulation, comfort and cleaning effort.
    Some types of flooring must not be installed
    below grade, including laminate and hardwood due
    to potential damage from moisture.

5
CARPET
  • Carpet is a soft floor covering made of bound
    carpet fibers or stapled fibers. Carpeting refers
    to wall-to-wall coverage, whereas a rug is simply
    used to cover a space. This type of flooring is
    typically used indoors and can be used in both
    high and low traffic areas. It typically lasts
    for 15-18 years before it needs to be replaced.
    The quality of a carpet is usually measured in
    face weight, or how many fibers there are per
    square inch. The higher the face weight the more
    plush a carpet will feel.

6
WOOD FLOORING
  • Many different species of wood are fabricated
    into wood flooring in two primary forms plank
    and parquet. Hardwoods are typically much more
    durable than softwoods. Reclaimed lumber has a
    unique appearance and is used in green
    (environmentally responsible) building.
    Engineered hardwood has a thin solid wood layer
    on top with a composite core. It can be a less
    expensive option than buying hardwood, but it
    cannot be sanded and refinished. This flooring
    typically is installed with a click-lock method.

7
LAMINATE
  • Laminate is a floor covering that appears similar
    to hardwood but is made with a plywood or medium
    density fiberboard ("MDF") core with a plastic
    laminate top layer. HDF laminate consists of high
    density fiberboard topped by one or more layers
    of decorative paper and a transparent protective
    layer. Laminate may be more durable than
    hardwood, but cannot be refinished like hardwood.
    Laminate flooring is available in many different
    patterns which can resemble different woods or
    even ceramic tile. It usually locks or taps
    together. Underlayment is required for laminate
    flooring to provide moisture and noise control.

8
HARD FLOORING
  • Hard flooring (not to be confused with
    "hardwood") is a family of flooring materials
    that includes concrete or cement, ceramic tile,
    glass tiles, and natural stone products. Ceramic
    tile are clay products which are formed into thin
    tiles and fired. Ceramic tiles are set in beds of
    mortar or mastic with the joints between tiles
    grouted.3 Varieties of ceramic tiles include
    quarry tile, porcelain, terracotta.

9
RESILIENT FLOORING
  • Unlike tiles which are made of minerals,
    resilient flooring is made of materials that have
    some elasticity, giving the flooring a degree of
    flexibility called resilience. The flooring is
    available in large sheets or pre-cut tiles, and
    either comes with pre-applied adhesive for
    peel-and-stick installation or requires adhesive
    to be troweled on to the substrate.5 Resilient
    flooring includes many different manufactured
    products including linoleum, sheet vinyl, vinyl
    composition tile (VCT), cork (sheet or tile), and
    rubber. Performance surfaces used for dance or
    athletics are usually made of wood or resilient
    flooring.

10
SEAMLESS FLOORING
  • Many different seamless flooring materials are
    available that vary from air drying latex
    emulsion polymers to reactive thermoset resins
    such as waterborne, solvented or solvent-free
    urethanes, polyaspartics and epoxies. Applied in
    liquid form, all dry and/or cure to provide a
    completely seamless floor covering. They find use
    in situations ranging from the simple protection
    of domestic garage floors, to the restoration and
    protection of commercial and industrial flooring.

11
SUSTAINABLE FLOORING
  • Sustainable flooring is produced from sustainable
    materials (and by a sustainable process) that
    reduces demands on ecosystems during its
    life-cycle. This includes harvest, production,
    use and disposal. It is thought that sustainable
    flooring creates safer and healthier buildings
    and guarantees a future for traditional producers
    of renewable resources that many communities
    depend on.

12
BAMBOO FLOORING
  • Bamboo flooring is made from a fast-growing
    renewable "timber" (bamboo is actually a grass).
    It is natural anti-bacterial, water-resistant and
    extremely durable. DIY installation is easy, as
    bamboo flooring is available with
    tongue-and-groove technology familiar in
    hardwood/laminate alternatives. Bamboo flooring
    is often more expensive than laminate, though it
    is generally cheaper than traditional hardwood
    flooring. Some bamboo floors are less sustainable
    than others, as they contain the toxic substance
    formaldehyde (rather than natural-base adhesives).

13
VINYL TILES
  • Modern vinyl floor tile is frequently chosen for
    high-traffic areas because of its low cost,
    durability, and ease of maintenance. Vinyl tiles
    have high resilience to abrasion and impact
    damage and can be repeatedly refinished with
    chemical strippers and mechanical buffing
    equipment. If properly installed, tiles can be
    easily removed and replaced when damaged. Tiles
    are available in a variety of colors from several
    major flooring manufacturers. Some manufacturers
    have created vinyl tiles that very closely
    resemble wood, stone, terrazzo, and concrete and
    hundreds of varying patterns.

14
FLOOR COVERING
  • Floor covering is a term to generically describe
    any finish material applied over a floor
    structure to provide a walking surface. Flooring
    is the general term for a permanent covering of a
    floor, or for the work of installing such a floor
    covering. Both terms are used interchangeably but
    floor covering refers more to loose-laid
    materials.

15
FLOOR TILES
  • These are commonly made of ceramic or stone,
    although recent technological advances have
    resulted in rubber or glass tiles for floors as
    well. Ceramic tiles may be painted and glazed.
    Small mosaic tiles may be laid in various
    patterns. Floor tiles are typically set into
    mortar consisting of sand, cement and often a
    latex additive for extra adhesion. The spaces
    between the tiles are commonly filled with sanded
    or unsanded floor grout, but traditionally mortar
    was used.
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