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Why go for Early Breast Cancer Screening?

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Title: Why go for Early Breast Cancer Screening?


1
Why go for Early Breast Cancer Screening?
2
Introduction
  • It is often said that PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN
    CURE. However, in cases of breast cancer there
    are numerous inevitable factors that lead to its
    onset like aging, genetic disorders and gender.
  • Being a female is a big risk factor as the
    presence of estrogen and progesterone can result
    in breast cancer cells growth.
  • In such cases early detection and breast cancer
    screening goes a long way in ensuring that the
    patient can undergo a successful treatment.
  • Breast cancer can be cured completely making it
    even more important for women to identify the
    early signs of this disease.

3
Early Signs of Breast Cancer
  • A lump or a thickening in or near the breast  In
    most cases the lump is not painful
  • A lump or thickening in underarm area
  • A change in size or shape of breast
  • A dimple or puckering in skin of the breast
  • Inward pulling of nipple
  • Fluid, other than breast milk, especially if it
    is bloody
  • Altered skin colour or texture of breast, nipple,
    areola
  • Dimpling of skin of breast like a skin of
    Orange
  • On the appearance of any of these symptoms,
    consult an experienced gynecologist at the
    earliest. The treatment can be easier and far
    more effective when the affected site is small
    and the cancer has not spread to surrounding
    areas.
  • Also read about Breast Cancer Risk Factors.

4
Breast Cancer Screening
  • Breast Cancer can be detected in the early stages
    with the help of regular breast cancer screening
    or mammography.
  • Mammograms are X-Ray images of the breasts gives
    a clear idea as to which part of the organ is
    affected.
  • Mammograms can even detect these malignant tumors
    before the appearance of any symptoms.
  • Annual breast examination by a doctor and an
    annual screening Mammography is advisable for the
    females more than 45 years of age.
  • Women who are at higher risk of developing breast
    cancer, should consult go for the screening at an
    early age (after consulting the doctor).
  • The treatment of breast cancer depends on staging
    of the disease.

5
Diagnosis of Breast Cancer
  • Mammogram
  • A mammogram is an X-ray that enables a specialist
    to examine the breast tissue for tumours.
  • A small dose of iodising radiation produces an
    image of the breast tissue.
  • It shows not only lumps or specks caused by
    cancer but also micro calcifications, lumps due
    to fatty cells and cysts.
  • Further tests are required to confirm the
    presence of abnormal cells.

6
Mammography Process for Breast Cancer
7
2. Breast Ultrasound
  • Specialists use penetrating sound waves and their
    deflection to create a computerised image of
    internal breast tissue.
  • A breast ultrasound can differentially show a
    lump of solid mass, a cyst filled with fluid, or
    a combination of both.
  • While cysts are mostly non-cancerous, a solid
    lump may indicate cancerous tumour.
  • Breast ultrasound measures the exact size and
    location of the lump and the condition of its
    surrounding tissue.

8
3. Biopsy
  • A biopsy test involves removal of some tissue and
    fluid from the suspected area, examination under
    a microscope and other tests for presence of
    cancerous tissue.
  • A biopsy report will provide a complete picture
    of your situation.
  • It includes benign or non-cancerous cells in the
    lump, type of tumour, tumour growth rate and
    grade, receptor status of tumour, and distance
    between excised tumour cells and surrounding
    normal tissue.
  • Get Breast Cancer Treatment Cost in India from
    NABH JCI accredited hospitals FREE of cost.

9
4. Breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • A breast MRI provides a more conclusive evidence
    and assessment of the extent of cancer spread.
  • Difference can be find between a normal and
    tumorous breast tissue using the images generated
    by the transmission of magnetic energy and radio
    .
  • Read about What happens after Breast Cancer
    Diagnosis?

10
Stages of Breast Cancer
  • The 5 stages are
  • Stage 0 This stage indicates the precancerous
    condition. When cancer is detected in this stage,
    the disease can be cured very easily without
    having to undergo extensive procedures.
  • Stages 1 2 The cancerous growth is restricted
    to the breast area to the lymph nodes in the
    area near to the breast or armpit.
  • Stage 3 The cancer cells have spread from the
    breast armpit lymph nodes to the lymph nodes
    near to breastbone or collarbone or to the skin
    of breast chest wall.
  • Stage 4 The cancer cells have spread from the
    breast lymph nodes to the other organs like
    lungs, bones, brain, distant lymph nodes and
    liver.

11
Contd.
  • Based on results of screening, breast cancer can
    be classified into 5 types, from Stage 0-4. These
    stages are determined based in the spread of
    cancer and whether it is limited to the origin
    site or spread to the surrounding areas.
  • Early Detection of Breast Cancer is the KEY to
    Survival

12
  • Read complete article here https//blog.credihealt
    h.com/breast-cancer-screening
  • Stay updated with our other health article _at_
    https//blog.credihealth.com
  • If you want to know about Cost of Breast Cancer
    Treatment in India then follow the link
    https//goo.gl/CLE9Up
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