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Chandigarh (The City Beautiful)

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Title: Chandigarh (The City Beautiful)


1
  • JATIN SINGH

2
TABLES OF CONTENT
  • HISTORY
  • ABOUT CHANDIGARH
  • LANGUAGE
  • ECONOMY
  • RELIGION
  • PLACES TO VISIT IN CHANDIGARH
  • EDUCATION
  • TRANSPORT
  • REFERENCE

3
HISTORY
  • The city has a pre-historic past. Due to the
    presence of lake, the area has fossil remains
    with imprints of a large variety of aquatic
    plants and animals, and amphibian life, which
    were supported by that environment. As it was a
    part of the Punjab region, it had many rivers
    nearby where the ancient and primitive settling
    of humans began. So, about 8000 years ago, the
    area was also known to be a home to
    the Harappans.
  • Chandigarh was the dream city of India's first
    Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru. After the
    partition of India in 1947, the former British
    province of Punjab was split between (mostly
    Sikhs) East Punjab in India and (mostly Muslim)
    West Punjab in Pakistan.
  • On 1 November 1966, the newly formed state of
    Haryana was carved out of the eastern portion of
    East Punjab, in order to create a new state for
    the majority Haryanvi-speaking people in that
    portion, while the western portion of East Punjab
    retained a mostly Punjabi-speaking majority and
    was renamed as Punjab. Chandigarh was located on
    the border of both states and the states moved to
    incorporate the city into their respective
    territories. However, the city of Chandigarh was
    declared a union territory to serve as capital of
    both states

4
ABOUT CHANDIGARH
  • Chandigarh, as witnessed today was designed by
    the famous architect of that time Le Corbusier.
  • The city is a union territory controlled by the
    Central Government and is the capital of two
    Indian states Haryana and Punjab.
  • Chandigarh is the first planned city of our
    country and is spread in an area of approx. 114
    sq. mt.
  • It is noticed that the sectors in Chandigarh and
    Panchkula dont have a Sector 13, a superstitious
    belief that the no. 13 is not auspicious.
  • The neighboring cities of Chandigarh, Panchkula
    and Mohali are together called the Tricity
  • In Chandigarh, you would not notice any statue in
    parks or at the roundabout, a condition of the
    architect Le Corbusier.
  • The medieval Chandigarh was the home to the
    Harappan Civilization about 8000 years ago.

5
LANGUAGE
  • English is the sole official language of
    Chandigarh. The majority of the population speaks
    Hindi (67.53) while Punjabi is spoken by 27.89.

6
ECONOMY
  • Chandigarh has been rated as the Wealthiest
    Town of India.41 The Reserve Bank of India
    ranked Chandigarh as the Third largest deposit
    center and seventh largest credit Centre
    nationwide as of June 2012. With a per capita
    income of ?99,262, Chandigarh is the richest city
    in India.42 Chandigarh's gross state domestic
    product for 2014-15 is estimated at ?0.29 lakh
    Crore (US4.3 billion) in current prices.
    According to a 2014 survey, Chandigarh is ranked
    4th in the top 50 cities identified globally as
    "emerging outsourcing and IT services
    destinations" ahead of cities like Beijing

7
RELIGION
  • Hinduism and Sikhism are the prominent religions
    of Chandigarh followed by 80.78 and 13.11
    people respectively. Minorities are Muslims
    4.87, Christians 0.83, Jains 0.19, Buddhists
    0.11, those that didn't state a religion are
    0.10, and others are 0.02.38
  • Many institutions serve the minorities in the
    city. One such being the Roman Catholic Diocese
    of Shimla and Chandigarh, serving the Catholics,
    which even has a co-cathedral in the city, Christ
    the King Co-Cathedral, although it never was a
    separate bishopric. Most of the convent schools
    of Chandigarh are governed by this institution.
  • Chandigarh hosts many religious places, including
    the temple on which it was named - Chandimandir.
    The ISKCON temple in Sector 36 is one among the
    worship places for Hindus. Nada Sahib Gurudwara,
    a famous place for Sikh worship lies in its
    vicinity.39 Apart from this, there are a couple
    of historical mosques in Manimajra and Burail.

8
Places To Visit in Chandigarh
  • The List of the
    Places to Visit in Chandigarh.
  • Mata mansa Devi Temple
  • The Rock Garden of Chandigarh
  • Elante mall
  • Sukhna Lake
  • Chandigarh Rose Garden
  • Panjab University
  • Government Museum and Art Gallery
  • Leisure Valley
  • Musical Fountain
  • Funcity
  • ISKCON Chandigarh Sri Sri Radha Madhav Temple
  • Terraced Garden

9
EDUCATION
  • There are numerous educational institutions in
    Chandigarh. These range from privately and
    publicly operated schools to colleges and the
    Punjab University. Other Institutions are Post
    Graduate Institute of Medical Education and
    Research (PGIMER), Gov. Medical college
    Hospital, Punjab Engineering College Deemed
    University, Gov. College for Men, Gov. College
    for Women, DAV College,MCM DAV College for Women,
    Goswami Ganesh Dutta Sanatan Dharma College
    Sector-32, Gov. Homeopathic College, Ayurvedic
    College, Gov. Polytechnic College, Gov. Home
    Science College, Dr Ambedkar Institute of Hotel
    management, Khalsa College Sec- 26, National
    Institute of Technical Teachers Training and
    Research(NITTTR) Sec-26 etc.
  • According to Chandigarh administration's
    department of education, there are a total of 107
    government schools in Chandigarh and convent
    schools like St. Stephen's School, St. John's
    High School, Chandigarh, St. Anne's Convent
    School and Carmel Convent School.
  • Transportedit

10
TRANSPORT
  • Road Chandigarh has the largest number of
    vehicles per capita in India.69 Wide, well
    maintained roads and parking spaces all over the
    city ease local transport.70 The Chandigarh
    Transport Undertaking (CTU) operates public
    transport buses from its Inter State Bus
    Terminals (ISBT) in Sectors 17 and 43 of the
    city.71 CTU also operates frequent bus services
    to the neighboring states of Punjab, Haryana,
    Himachal Pradesh and to Delhi.
  • Air Chandigarh Airport has scheduled commercial
    flights to major cities of India including Delhi,
    Pune, Mumbai, Bangalore, Leh and Srinagar. The
    airport has international flights to Sharjah and
    Dubai.
  • Rail Chandigarh Junction railway station lies in
    the Northern Railway zone of the Indian Railway
    network and provide connectivity to all the
    regions of India and some major Indian cities. It
    provides connectivity to eastern states with link
    to cities like Kolkata, Dibrugarh southern
    states with trains to Visakhapatnam,
    Thiruvananthapuram, Bangalore and Kollam
    western states with trains to Jaipur, Ahmedabad
    and Mumbai. Central states with trains to
    Bhopal80 and Indore other northern states
    with trains to Lucknow, Amritsar, Ambala,
    Panipat, Kalka and Shimla.

11
Reference
  • Chandigarh is a very beautiful city and is the
    capital of the Punjab
  • And Haryana. There are lots to places to Visit
    in Chandigarh.
  • http//nehasilam.com/
  • https//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ChandigarhLanguages
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