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Key Differences Between Referencing Styles

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There are many styles of referencing. So here is presentation that will show you main differences between references styles. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Key Differences Between Referencing Styles


1
KEY DIFFERENCES BETWEEN REFERENCING STYLES
2
  • There are many styles of referencing. Some of
    which are
  • APA (American Psychological Association) style,
    author/date based style where emphasis is given
    to the author and the date of work.
  • MLA (Modern Language Association) style, used for
    arts and humanities.
  • Chicago style, used for history and economics.
  • Harvard style, similar to APA style and most used
    in Australia and UK.
  • Though their main goal is to have a formal format
    in writing, they have differences between
    referencing style. it is important that we know
    these modifications, so we are able to abide by
    their rules. You can always use a reliable
    reference generator available to avoid mistakes
    in your material.

3
  • In writing, referencing and citation is a
    significant element. Because of this the reader
    is able to distinguish your ideas and ideas you
    borrowed from another author.
  • It is also important for your works credibility.
    Failing to cite your sources is a serious crime,
    called plagiarism.
  • To avoid this, there are online reference
    generator you could use.

4
MLA STYLE OF REFERENCING

Date The date follows the publisher in the citation and is not in parentheses.
Authors name The authors full name (first and last) is spelled out.
Capitalization All major words in the title are capitalized and the title is underlined
Source page It is called works cited
  • You can always use a reference generator MLA to
    be sure you have the correct format in your
    referencing.

5
APA STYLE OF REFERENCING

Date The date follows the author and is in parentheses.
Authors name The authors last name is spelled out and the first name is reduced to initials.
Capitalization Only the first word of the title, the first word of a subtitle, and any proper nouns (like names) are capitalized. Everything else is lowercase. Also, the title is written in italics.
Source page The source page is called a References.
  • If you are a little confuse of how to cite your
    sources, you can always use an APA format
    reference generator available online.

6
COMPARISON EXAMPLE
  • MLA style on referencing
  • Klaphake, Elizabeth. My Life as an English
    Professor. Bellevue,Nebraska Bellevue
    University Press. 1999.
  • And APA style of referencing
  • Klaphake, E. (1999). My life as an English
    professor. Bellevue,Nebraska Bellevue
    University Press.
  • You probably dont have spare time in double
    checking your written references, you may use
    reference generator, which is a reliable and
    handy tool for students and professionals.

7
HARVARD STYLE OF REFERENCING

Date The date follows after the authors name
Authors name The authors last name is spelled out and the first name is reduced to initials.
Punctuation Commas between all elements except authors initial/s and date. Full stop at the end with a period, after the place of publication.
  • You can use a Harvard online reference generator
    if you have jumbled the rules in referencing.
    Avoid plagiarism easily with this handy tool that
    is user-friendly.

8
CHICAGO STYLE OF REFERENCING

Date The date follows after the authors name
Authors name The authors last name is spelled out and the first name is reduced to initials.
Capitalization Titles are capitalized and book titles are italicized.
  • A Chicago style reference generator may aid you
    in your task to do referencing correctly.

9
COMPARISON EXAMPLE
  • Harvard style of referencing
  • Pollan, M 2006, The Omnivores Dilemma A
    Natural History of Four Meals, New York
    Penguin,99-100.
  • Chicago style of referencing Pollan, M, The
    Omnivores Dilemma A Natural History of Four
    Meals (New York Penguin, 2006), 99100.
  • You can always use a free reference generator to
    help you for all your citation in your paper.


10
IN-TEXT CITATION
  • In-text citation is used when you directly quote
    or paraphrase a source. They are found in the
    body of the written material and contain a
    section of the full citation.
  • There are also different ways to do in-text
    citation, depending on what style is used. You
    can utilize a reference generator tool that can
    help you if you have them all mixed up.

11
COMPARISON EXAMPLE
MLA Doris Graber suggests that media are most influential in areas in which the audience knows least (210).
APA Graber (2002) suggests that media are most influential in areas in which the audience knows least (p. 210).
Harvard media are most influential in areas in which the audience knows least(Graber 2002)
Chicago Doris Graber suggests that media are most influential in areas in which the audience knows least.1
Notes Doris A. Graber, Mass Media American Politics, 6th ed. (Washington, DC CQ Press, 2002), 210.
Use an online reference generator if you are
confused of how to write your citations.
12
  • Referencing may sometimes be tricky. Whatever
    kind of writing you are working on, we are here
    to help you.
  • We will guide you in what reference style you
    will use that is applicable to your work. Get it
    at
  • referencegenerator.net
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