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USA Population 2016

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Title: USA Population 2016


1
Demography of the United States
Presentation by, Population2016.com
2
INTRODUCTION
  • The U.S. Census Bureau currently estimates the
    country's population to be 322,579,000.The U.S.
    population almost quadrupled during the 20th
    century, from about 76 million in 1900.
  • The third most populous nation in the world,
    after China and India, the United States is the
    only major industrialized nation in which large
    population increases are projected.
  • As of December 2, 2015, the United States has a
    total resident population of 322,267,564, making
    it the third most populous country in the world.
  • It is very urbanized, with 81 residing in cities
    and suburbs as of 2014.
  • In the 1800s the average woman had 7.04 children,
    by the 1900s this number had decreased to
    3.56.Since the early 1970s the birth rate has
    been below the replacement rate of 2.1 with 1.86
    children per woman in 2014.
  • Foreign born immigration has caused the US
    population to continue its rapid increase with
    the foreign born population doubling from almost
    20 million in 1990 to over 40 million in 2010,
    representing one third of the population
    increase.
  • The foreign born population reached 45 million
    in 2015.

3
Vital statistics
Population 322,268,000 (3rd)
Density 84.54 people/sq mi (180th)32.54 people/km2
Growth rate 0.77 (143rd)
Birth rate 13.42 births/1,000 population (147th)
Death rate 8.15/1,000 population (100th)
Life expectancy 79.56 years (36th)
  male 77.11 years
  female 81.94 years
Fertility rate 1.86 children/woman (123rd)
Infant mortality rate 6.17 deaths/1,000 live births
Net migration rate 2.45 migrants/1,000 population
4
Map of population change in U.S. states from
April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013.
Age structure Age structure
014 years 19.4
1564 years 66.2
65 and over 14.5
5
Population Growth
  • The worlds population is growing rapidly
  • The population of the world is growing at an
    exponential rate- its growing faster and faster.
  • There are two things that affect the population
    size of the world

Birth rate- the number of live babies born per
thousand of the population per year.
Death rate-the number of deaths per thousand of
the population per year.
When the birth rate is higher than the death
rate, more people are being born than are dying,
so the population grows This is called Natural
increase When the death rate is higher than the
birth rate it is called the natural decrease.
6
Countries go through five stages of population
growth These are shown by the Demographic
transition model (DTM)
Poorer, less developed countries are in the
earlier stages of the DTM, whilst richer more
developed countries are in the later stages.
7
Population growth and structure
  • Stage 1
  • Birth rate is high because there's no use of
    contraception, and people have lots of children
    because many infants die.
  • Death rate is high due to poor healthcare.
  • Population growth rate is zero.
  • Population structure- life expectancy is low, so
    the population is made up of mainly young people.
  • Stage 2
  • Birth rate is high because there's no use of
    contraception, Also the economy is based on
    agriculture so people have lots of children to
    work on farms.
  • Death rate falls due to improved healthcare.
  • Population growth rate is very high.
  • Population structure- life expectancy has
    increased but there are still more young people
    than older people.

8
  • Stage 3
  • Birth rate is rapidly falling due to the
    emancipation of women and better education.
  • The use of contraception increases and more women
    work instead of having children.
  • The economy also changes to manufacturing, so
    fewer children are needed to work on farms.
  • Death rate falls due to more medical advances.
  • Population growth rate is high
  • Population structure- more people are living to
    be older
  • Stage 4
  • Birth rate is low- people move to urban areas ,
    their wealth improves and they want more
    possessions. This means there is less money
    available for having children.
  • Death rate is low and fluctuating.
  • Population growth rate is zero.
  • Population structure- life expectancy is high, so
    even more people are living to be older.

9
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10
Race / Ethnicity Number Percentage ofU.S. population
Americans 308,745,538 100.0 
Non-Hispanic White 196,817,552 63.7 
Non-Hispanic Black 37,685,848 12.2 
Non-Hispanic Asian 14,465,124 4.7 
Non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaska Native 2,247,098 0.7 
Non-Hispanic Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander 481,576 0.2 
Non-Hispanic some other race 604,265 0.2 
Non-Hispanic two or more races 5,966,481 1.9 
Hispanic or Latino 50,477,594 16.4 
Total 308,745,538 100.0
European American 223,553,265 72.4 
African Americans 38,929,319 12.6 
Asian American 14,674,252 4.8 
Native Americans or Alaska Native 2,932,248 0.9 
Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander 540,013 0.2 
Some other race 19,107,368 6.2 
Two or more races 9,009,073 2.9 
Total 308,745,538 100.0
Not Hispanic nor Latino 258,267,944 83.6 
White Hispanic 26,735,713 8.7 
Black Hispanic 1,243,471 0.4 
American Indian or Alaska Native Hispanic 685,150 0.2 
Asian Hispanic 209,128 0.1 
Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander Hispanic 58,437 0.0 
Some other race Hispanic 18,503,103 6.0 
Two or more races Hispanic 3,042,592 1.0 
Total 308,745,538 100.0
11
Major religions by overall percentage (2007).
12
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13
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14
Population Movements
  • Migration is the movement of people from one area
    to another.
  • When people move into an area its called
    emigration.
  • When people leave an area its called emigration.

15
Migration happens because of push and pull factors
Push factors are the things about a persons place
of origin that make them decide to move.
Pull factors are things about a persons
destination that attracts them to it.
Example Push factors
Example Pull factors
  • Not being able to find a job.
  • Poor living conditions.
  • Natural disasters
  • Job opportunities
  • Better standards of living

16
Immigration and emigration
Inflow of New Legal Permanent Residents by
Region, 2011
Inflow of New Legal Permanent Residents, Top Five
Sending Countries, 2011
Region 2011
Asia 451,593
Americas 419,996
Africa 100,336
Europe 83,635
All immigrants 1,062,040
Country 2011
Mexico 143,446
China 87,016
India 69,013
Philippines 57,011
Dominican Rep. 46,019
17
Migration has positive and negative impacts
Positive impacts Negative impacts
Source country Reduced demand on services e.g. schools and hospitals Money is sent back to the source country by emigrants Labour shortage- its mostly people of working age that emigrate. Skills shortage sometimes its the more highly educated people that emigrate. Ageing population- there's a high proportion of older people left
Receiving country Increased labour force- young people immigrate to find work. Migrant workers pay taxes that help to fund services Locals and immigrants compete for jobs- this can lead to tension and conflict. Increased demand for services e.g overcrowding in schools and hospitals Not all the money by immigrants is spent in the destination country- some is sent to their country of origin.
18
Sex ratios at birth 1.048 male(s)/female under
15 years 1.04 male(s)/female 1564 years 1
male(s)/female 65 years and over 0.75
male(s)/female total population 0.97
male(s)/female (2010 est.) Infant mortality
rate total 6.22 deaths/1,000 live births male
6.9 deaths/1,000 live births female 5.53
deaths/1,000 live births (2010 est.) Life
expectancy at birth total population 78.11
years male 75.65 years female 80.69 years
(2010 est.) Total fertility rate 1.86 children
born/woman (2014). Source Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention - National Vital
Statistics System
19
A population pyramid that shows the age of the
population by sex in 2010.
Population of the USA by age and sex (demographic
pyramid) as on 01 June, 2014.
20
U.S. Census Population projections (2012)
2015 2050
White Americans1 77.4 70.8
Non-Hispanic Whites 61.8 46.6
Black Americans2 13.2 14.4
Asian Americans2 5.3 7.7
Multiracial Americans2 2.6 5.4
Hispanics/Latinos (of any race) 17.8 28.0
1 Including Hispanics and Some other race2 Including Hispanics 1 Including Hispanics and Some other race2 Including Hispanics 1 Including Hispanics and Some other race2 Including Hispanics
21
The U.S. total fertility rate by race and those of Hispanic origin The U.S. total fertility rate by race and those of Hispanic origin The U.S. total fertility rate by race and those of Hispanic origin The U.S. total fertility rate by race and those of Hispanic origin
Race Number of birthsin 2013 2012 2013
White 2,985,757 1.886 1.868
Black 634,760 1.900 1.883
Asian 265,673 1.770 1.681
Native 45,991 1.350 1.335
Hispanic (of any race) 901,033 2.189 2.149
Total 3,932,181 1.881 1.858
22
Reference https//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_S
tates https//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demography_of_
the_United_States Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention - National Vital Statistics
System http//population2016.com/
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