IMPROVEMENT IN FOOD RESOURCES-KVOC ALLD. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

About This Presentation
Title:

IMPROVEMENT IN FOOD RESOURCES-KVOC ALLD.

Description:

- – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:2507
Slides: 40
Provided by: A123456789

less

Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: IMPROVEMENT IN FOOD RESOURCES-KVOC ALLD.


1
POWER POINT PRESENTATION SCIENCE SESSION
2015-16
  • PRESENTED BYAVINASH MISHRA
  • CLASSIX SECTIONA
  • ROLL NO.47

2
  • IMPROVEMENT IN FOOD
    RESOURCES

3
FOOD
  • Food is any substance consumed to provide
    nutritional support for the body. It is usually
    of plant or animal origin, and contains essential
    nutrients, such as fats, proteins, vitamins, or
    minerals.

4
SOURCES OF FOOD
  • ANIMAL
  • PLANT

5
SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE
  • Sustainable agriculture is the act of farming
    using principles of ecology, the study of
    relationships between organisms and their
    environment. It has been defined as "an
    integrated system of plant and animal production
    practices having a site-specific application that
    will last over the long term

6
ADVANTAGES OF SUSTAINABLE
AGRICULTURE
  • Contributes to environmental conservation.
  • Prevents pollution
  • Reduction in cost.
  • Biodiversity.
  • Beneficial for animals.
  • Economically beneficial for farmers.
  • Social equality.
  • Beneficial for environment.

7
ORGANIC FARMING
  • Organic farming is a method of crop and livestock
    production that involves much more than choosing
    not to use pesticides, fertilizers, genetically
    modified organisms, antibiotics and growth
    hormones.

8
ADVANTAGES OF ORGANIC FARMING
  • Lower Growing Cost
  • Enhances Soil Nourishment
  • Resistance to Disease and Pest
  • Increased Drought Tolerance
  • Environment-friendly Practices

9
CROP PRODUCTION
  • CROP A crop is any cultivated plant, fungus, or
    alga that is harvested for food, clothing,
    livestock fodder, biofuel, medicine, or other
    uses. In contrast, animals that are raised by
    humans are called livestock, except those that
    are kept as pets

10
AGRICULTURE
  • Agriculture is the cultivation of animals,
    plants, fungi, and other life forms for food,
    fiber, biofuel, medicinal and other products used
    to sustain and enhance human life.

11
KHARIF CROPS
  • Kharif crops monsoon crops are domesticated
    plants cultivated and harvested during the rainy
    (monsoon) season in the South Asia, which lasts
    between April and October depending on the area.
    Their time period is from june-oct.Main kharif
    crops are millet and rice.

12
RABI CROPS
  • Rabi crops or Rabi harvest refers to agricultural
    crops sown in winter and harvested in the spring.
    The term is derived from the Arabic word for
    "spring", which is used in the Indian
    subcontinent. It is the spring harvest (also
    known as the "winter crop") in Indian
    subcontinent. There time period is from
    nov.-april.Ex-wheat,barley etc.

13
CROP PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT
  • Crop production management refers to the various
    processes applied toward the effective
    cultivation and harvesting of crops.

14
NUTRIENTS MANAGAMENT
  • Sixteen chemical elements are known to be
    important to a plant's growth and survival are
    called nutrients. Plants get these nutrients from
    air, water and soil.

15
ESSENTIAL PLANTS NUTRIENTS
16
MANUARES
  • Manure is organic matter, mostly derived from
    animal feces except in the case of green manure,
    which can be used as organic fertilizer in
    agriculture. Manures contribute to the fertility
    of the soil by adding organic matter and
    nutrients, such as nitrogen, that are trapped by
    bacteria in the soil.

17
COMPOST
  • Compost is organic matter that has been
    decomposed and recycled as a fertilizer and soil
    amendment. Compost is a key ingredient in organic
    farming.Itt is prepared from plants and animals
    refuse such asexcreta ,faecal matter etc.

18
VERMICOMPOSTING
  • Vermicompost is the product or process of
    composting using various worms, usually red
    wigglers, white worms, and other earthworms to
    create a heterogeneous mixture of decomposing
    vegetable or food waste, bedding materials, and
    vermicast. Vermicast, also called worm castings,
    worm humus or worm manure, is the end-product of
    the breakdown of organic matter by an earthworm

19
FERTILISERS
  • A fertilizer is any material of natural or
    synthetic origin (other than liming materials)
    that is applied to soils or to plant tissues
    (usually leaves) to supply one or more plant
    nutrients essential to the growth of plants.
  • TYPES OF FERTILISERS
  • Nitrogenous Phosphatic
  • Potassic Complex

20
IRRIGATION
  • Irrigation is the artificial application of water
    to the land or soil. It is used to assist in the
    growing of agricultural crops, maintenance of
    landscapes, and revegetation of disturbed soils
    in dry areas and during periods of inadequate
    rainfall

21
IRRIGATION SYSTEM
  • Well Canal system
  • Tanks River valley system

22
CROPPING PATTERNS
23
SOME IMPORTANT TERMS
24
CROP VARIETY IMPROVEMENT
25
CROP PROTECTION MANAGEMENT1) METHOD OF WEED
CONTROL
  • MECHANICAL - EXAMPLES
  • Uprooting
  • Ploughing
  • Burning etc.
  • CULTURAL - EXAMPLES
  • Proper bed preparation
  • Intercropping
  • Crop rotation etc.
  • CHEMICAL - EXAMPLES
  • Herbicides Weedicides. Ex.
  • 2,4-D
  • Atrazine
  • BIOLOGICAL - EXAMPLES
  • Use of insects and some other organisms

26
2) INSECT-PEST CONTROL
  • Root cutting types of insects are controlled by
    mixing insecticides e.g.chloropyriphos.
  • Stem and leaf cutting and boring type of insects
    are controlled by dusting or spraying contact
    insecticides e.g.lindane.
  • All sap sucking insects can be controlled by
    spraying insecticides e.g.dimethoate.

27
STORAGE OF GRAINS
  • The importance of grain storage as part of the
    marketing, distribution and food security system
    is well recognized. In 1978, following the
    resolution of the UN General Assembly which
    called for the reduction of post-harvest losses,
    FAO launched the Special Action Programme for
    Prevention of Food Losses (PFL). Since then more
    than 250 projects have been implemented worldwide
    under this programme. During recent years, as a
    result of privatization and liberalization of
    trade, the organization and management of grain
    storage has changed in many developing countries.

28
METHODS OF STORING GRAINS
29
ANIMAL HUSBANDRY
  • It is the management and care of farm animals by
    humans for profit, in which genetic qualities and
    behavior, considered to be advantageous to
    humans, are further developed. The term can refer
    to the practice of selectively breeding and
    raising livestock to promote desirable traits in
    animals for utility, sport, pleasure, or
    research.

30
CATTLE FARMING
  • Cattle farming can be used to obtain milk, a
    constant food source, although cattle can later
    be slaughtered for meat if necessary. As of the
    1.26 update, having bulls around your house can
    also reduce the amount of aggressive animals you
    awake to.

31
CATTLE BREEDS
32
BUFFALOES BREEDS
33
DISEASE OF CATTLE AND BUFFALOES
34
  POULTRY FARMING
  • Poultry farming is the raising of domesticated
    birds such as chickens, ducks, turkeys and geese,
    for the purpose of farming meat or eggs for food.
    Poultry are farmed in great numbers with chickens
    being the most numerous. More than 50 billion
    chickens are raised annually as a source of food,
    for both their meat and their eggs.1 Chickens
    raised for eggs are usually called layers while
    chickens raised for meat are often called
    broilers

35
BROILERS LAYERS
  • Broilers
  • gt The term broiler is applied to chicks that
    have especially been bred for rapid growth.
  • Layers
  • gt Layers are efficient egg producers, breeds
    used for egg production in the industrial
    production system

36
  SPECIFIC POULTRY DISEASE
37
FISH FARMING
  • Fish farming or pisciculture is the principal
    form of aquaculture, while other methods may fall
    under mariculture. Fish farming involves raising
    fish commercially in tanks or enclosures, usually
    for food.
  • FISHERIES
  • Generally, a fishery is an entity engaged in
    raising or harvesting fish which is determined by
    some authority to be a fishery.

38
BEE KEEPING
  • Beekeeping (or apiculture, from Latin apis
    "bee") is the maintenance of honey bee colonies,
    commonly in hives, by humans to get honey for
    vitamins,wax for cosmetics,propolis for repairing
    and fastening and poisons for medicines.

39
(No Transcript)
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
About PowerShow.com