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Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease


Gastroesophageal reflux disorder (GERD) is a chronic digestive condition that has affected millions of americans more than twice a week. Learn about the symptoms, common causes and treatment options for GERD. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

All About Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
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What is Gastroesophageal Reflux Disorder?
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disorder (GERD) is a
    chronic digestive condition in which stomach acid
    persistently and repeatedly flowing back up into
    the food pipe.
  • It is also termed as an Acid Reflux Disorder

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Call -  1(646) 681 4902
Over 23 million Americans are affected by the
undesirable symptoms of GERD for more than two
times per week.
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Signature Symptom of GERDi.e. Heartburn
  • Some people dont experience heartburn at all and
    have distinct symptoms like
  • Coughing
  • Asthma and
  • Voice hoarseness.

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Call -  1(646) 681 4902

Common Causes Of GERD
  • Stomach Problems Many cases blame stomach
    abnormalities like hiatal hernia as the cause
    behind acid reflux. This condition of the stomach
    happens when thesphincter moves above the
    diaphragm and the diaphragm is not able to keep
    the acid from rising up into the esophagus.
  • Pregnancy In 90 cases  pregnant women
    experience acid reflux during the first
    trimester. The situation occurs due to the
    increased levels of hormones and the pressure
    exerted by the growing fetus. This condition
    comes back in last trimester but goes away soon
    after delivery.
  • Smoking Smoke from cigarettes causes acid reflux
  • Damaging the mucus membranes
  • Increasing the acid production
  • Disturbing the function of  sphincter muscles
  • Decreasing the amount of saliva production
  • Due to this the acid from the stomach causes
    irritation and pain that can travel up to the
    throat causing throat soreness.

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Call -  1(646) 681 4902

Common Causes Of GERD
  • Certain Foods There is a long list of certain
    food items that are known to cause acid reflux in
    most of the people for example
  • Carbonated drinks
  • Chocolates
  • Citrus
  • Tea and coffee (both regular and decaffeinated)
  • Alcohol
  • Mint
  • Onions and garlic
  • Fried foods
  • Fatty food or snacks
  • Tomato containing food items
  • Spicy food and sauces
  • Routine Habits Certain lifestyle habits may
    also invite acid reflux problems like
  • Being overweight can add to the problems of the
  • Having large amount of food at a time can add to
    the digestion problems
  • Habit of having a heavy snack close to the
    bedtime may also create stomach problems
  • The habit of eating and then lying on the back or

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Treatment of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
  • The ultimate therapeutic aim is to prevent the
    exposure of the esophagus to the acid reflux by
    easing the unpleasant heartburn feeling, healing
    the esophagus, avoiding further complications and
    prevents recurrence. For all that, we have
    multiple treatment options like
  • Multiple oral drugs are used for the treatment of
  • Surgical intervention is needed when a person
    fails to attain relief from oral medications.
    Laparoscopy procedure has shown excellent results
    as it cures the problem and has shown speedy

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Three Main Drugs Used For GERD Treatment
  • Antacids It is a group of medicines that
    neutralizes the acid made in the stomach. They
    are available in both tablet and liquid dosage
    form. They are also administered along with other
    medicines used for the treatment of GERD.
  • Proton Pump Inhibitors The drugs in this
    category are considered as a best option from
    this triple drug treatment regimen. They act on
    the proton pump which forms stomach acid and
    prevents its generation. They block the
    production of stomach acid.

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Three Main Drugs Used For GERD Treatment
  • Histamine Type 2 Receptor Antagonists
    (Antihistamine) The drugs falling under this
    category treats the problem of persistent acid
    reflux by reducing the amount of acid produced by
    the stomach.  They dont show immediate mode of
    action but exerts longer duration of action. 
  • Along with this, lifestyle modifications like
    healthy weight, quitting smoking and eating less
    fried foods also help to cure and prevent

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Call -  1(646) 681 4902

  • Website
  • Phone - 1(646) 681 4902
  • Fax - 1(760) 284 5903
  • Connect With us -

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Call -  1(646) 681 4902