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Human organ system quick view

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Organ system for medical representative for quick review – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Human organ system quick view


1
  • Introduction to
  • Human Anatomy Physiology

FOR MEDICAL REPRESENTATIVES
2
Anatomy and Physiology
  • Anatomy study of structure
  • (Greek a cutting up)

3
  • Physiology study of function
  • (Greek relationship to nature)

Structure dictates function.
4
Levels of Organization
5
Levels of OrganizationChemical
  • Atoms
  • made up of subatomic particles
  • Molecules
  • 2 or more atoms
  • Macromolecules
  • small molecules joined together



5
6
Levels of OrganizationCellular
  • Macromolecules combine to form cells
  • Basic structural and functional unit of the body

7
Levels of OrganizationTissue
  • Group of cells working together to perform a
    function called Tissue
  • 4 basic types
  • Epithelial Tissue
  • Connective tissue
  • Muscle Tissue
  • Nerve Tissue

8
Levels of Organization Organ
  • 2 or more tissues joined together with a specific
    function and shape

9
Levels of Organization Systems
  • Related organs with a common function
  • 11 systems

10
Integumentary system
  • Components
  • Skin
  • Hair
  • Glands
  • Functions
  • Protection
  • Regulates body temperature
  • Eliminates waste
  • Vitamin D
  • Sensations

11
Skeletal system
  • Components
  • Bones
  • Joints
  • Cartilage
  • Functions
  • Support
  • Protection
  • Body movement
  • Produces blood cells
  • Stores minerals fats

12
Muscular system
  • Components
  • skeletal muscles
  • Functions
  • body movement
  • posture
  • generates heat

13
Nervous system
  • Components
  • brain
  • spinal cord
  • nerves
  • special sense organs
  • Functions
  • action potentials (nerve impulses)
  • detects, interprets, and responds to changes in
    environment

14
Endocrine system
  • Components
  • hormone-producing glands and cells
  • Functions
  • regulates body activities

15
Cardiovascular system
  • Components
  • blood
  • heart
  • blood vessels
  • Functions
  • pumps blood
  • carries O2 and nutrients to cells and wastes away
  • regulates temperature, acid-base balance, and H2O

16
Lymphatic system
  • Components
  • lymph fluid vessels
  • spleen
  • thymus
  • lymph nodes
  • tonsils
  • Functions
  • transports dietary lipids
  • protection

17
Respiratory system
  • Components
  • lungs
  • pharynx
  • larynx
  • trachea
  • bronchial tree
  • Functions
  • exchange of gases
  • acid-base balance
  • sound production

18
Digestive system
  • Components
  • mouth
  • pharynx
  • esophagus
  • stomach
  • small intestines
  • large intestines
  • salivary glands
  • liver
  • gallbladder
  • pancreas
  • Functions
  • breakdown of food
  • absorption of food
  • eliminates wastes

19
Urinary system
  • Components
  • kidneys
  • ureters
  • urinary bladder
  • urethra
  • Functions
  • eliminates waste
  • regulates blood composition volume
  • acid-base balance

20
Reproductive system
  • Components
  • ovaries
  • testes
  • associated structures
  • Functions
  • produce gametes
  • hormone regulation of reproduction

21
Maintenance of Life
  • Life depends on five (5) environmental factors
  • Water
  • Food
  • Oxygen
  • Heat
  • Pressure

22
Requirements of Organisms
  • Water
  • - most abundant substance in body
  • - required for metabolic processes
  • - required for transport of substances
  • - regulates body temperature
  • Food
  • - provides necessary nutrients
  • - supplies energy
  • - supplies raw materials

23
Requirements of Organisms
  • Oxygen (gas)
  • - one-fifth of air
  • - used to release energy from nutrients
  • Heat
  • - form of energy
  • - partly controls rate of metabolic reactions
  • Pressure
  • - application of force on an object
  • - atmospheric pressure important for
    breathing
  • - hydrostatic pressure keeps blood flowing

24
Touch your hand this is -Integuementary system
When you are detailing visual aid to Dr. Your
skeleton muscular system supporting you
When you are convincing chemist, your Nervous
system Circulatory system increase their
function
When Dr. Asked any question - your endocrine
system is working
When you are doing pranayam -your respiratory
system is working
25
When you are eating burger as lunch -your
digestive system is working
When you stopped your bike at road side for
natural call -your excretory system is working
When you are eating junk food - your lymphatic
system protects you
When you want to multiply -your reproductive
system is working
26
Now I Know That
Our body is developed by atoms-molecules
macromolecules organelle CELL-TISSUES-ORGAN 11
-ORGAN SYSTEM Five Components to live
(Water-Food-Oxygen-Heat-Pressure
27
THANK YOU kammph_at_gmail.com
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