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Army Structure

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Title: Army Structure


1
The US Army
2
Agenda
  • US MILITARY BRANCHES
  • Active Duty / USAR / NATIONAL GUARD
  • RANK STRUCTURE/UNIT STRUCTURE
  • ARMY DIVISIONS
  • ARMY BRANCHES

3
US Military Branches
US Air Force
US Army
US Navy
US Marine Corps
4
US Army Mission
  • Preserve the peace and security, and provide for
    the defense of the United States, the
    Territories, Commonwealths, and Possessions, and
    any areas occupied by the United States
  • Support national policies
  • Implement national objectives
  • Overcome any nations responsible for aggressive
    acts that imperil the peace and security of the
    United States

5
Americas Army
  • Foundation
  • Established 14 June 1775 by Continental Congress
  • Articles of Confederation
  • First roles and missions Provide for the
    common defense

6
The Constitution - 1787
  • Principle of civilian control over military
  • Congress
  • Raises and supports military services
  • Declares war
  • Makes rules for governing and regulating the
    services
  • President
  • Commander in Chief
  • Authority to make treaties and to appoint Federal
    Officers
  • Directs national security affairs

7
The Total Army
RESERVES 205K
NATIONAL GUARD 350K
ACTIVE 495K
8
Active Component
9
Enlisted Ranks Enlisted Members (EMs)
No Rank
E-1 Private (PVT) E-2 Private
(PV2) E-3 Private First Class
(PFC) E-4 Specialist (SPC) or
Corporal (CPL)
10
Enlisted Ranks Non-Commissioned Officers
E-5 Sergeant (SGT) E-6 Staff Sergeant
(SSG) E-7 Sergeant First Class (SFC)
11
Enlisted Ranks Non-Commissioned Officers
E-8 Master Sergeant or First
Sergeant (MSG)
(1SG) E-9 Sergeant
Major or Command Sergeant
(SGM) Major
(CSM) E-9 Special Sergeant Major of the
Army
12
Warrant Officers
W1 Warrant Officer W2 Chief Warrant
Officer 2 W3 Chief Warrant Officer 3 W4
Chief Warrant Officer 4 W5 Chief Warrant
Officer 5
13
Commissioned Officers Company Grade
O-1 2nd Lieutenant (2LT) O-2 1st Lieutenant
(1LT) O-3 Captain (CPT)
14
Commissioned Officers Field Grade
O-4 Major (MAJ) O-5 Lieutenant Colonel
(LTC) O-6 Colonel (COL)
15
Commissioned Officers General Officer
O-7 Brigadier General (BG) O-8 Major General
(MG) O-9 Lieutenant General (LTG) O-10 General
(GEN)
16
Unit Structures
17
Team
Team Leader
Rifleman
Automatic Rifleman
Grenadier
18
Squad
Graphic Symbol
Squad Leader
Team Leader
Team Leader
Grenadier
Automatic Rifleman
Grenadier
Automatic Rifleman
Rifleman
Rifleman
19
Platoon
Graphic Symbol
Platoon Leader
Platoon Sergeant
Squad Leader
Squad Leader
Squad Leader
20
Company
Graphic Symbol
Company Commander
First Sergeant
Executive Officer
Platoon Leader
Platoon Leader
Platoon Leader
1st SQD
2nd SQD
3rd SQD
1st SQD
2nd SQD
3rd SQD
1st SQD
2nd SQD
3rd SQD
21
Battalion
Graphic Symbol
Executive Officer
Battalion Commander
Command Sergeant Major
Operations Officer
Line Company Commander
Line Company Commander
Line Company Commander
Headquarters Company Commander
22
Brigade
  • Commander normally a Colonel (O-6)
  • Two or more Battalions make up a Brigade
  • Are often organized in Brigade Combat Teams
    consisting of an Artillery BN, Brigade Special
    Troops BN, and Brigade Support BN in addition to
    organic manuever BNs
  • Graphic symbol (one X)

X
X
Mech Inf Bde
Mech Inf Bn
Mech Inf Bn?
Armor Bn
23
Divisions
  • Commander normally a Major General (O-8)
  • Each Division has C2, MFE (maneuver, fires and
    effects), OS (operational support), OSS
    (operational service support) units
  • 10 active duty Divisions in US Army
  • Five types of Divisions Armored
  • Mechanized
  • Light Infantry
  • Airborne
  • Air Assault
  • graphic symbol (two Xs)

XX
24
Active Divisions CONUS
Armored
Air Assault
Light Infantry
1st Cavalry Div Ft Hood, TX
1st Armored Div Ft Riley , KS (1 Bde)
101st Airborne Div Ft Campbell, KY
25th Infantry Div Ft Lewis, WA (1 Bde)
10th Mountain Div Ft Drum, NY
Mechanized
Airborne
1st Infantry Div Ft Riley, KS (1 Bde)
2nd Infantry Div Ft Lewis, WA (1 Bde)
4th Infantry Div Ft Hood, TX Ft Carson, CO
3rd Infantry Div Ft Stewart, GA Ft Benning, GA
82nd Airborne Div Ft Bragg, NC
25
Active Divisions OCONUS
Armored
Light Infantry
25th Infantry Div Schofield Barracks, HI
1st Armored Div Bad Kreuznach, Germany
Mechanized
2nd Infantry Div Camp Red Cloud, Korea
1st Infantry Div Wurzburg, Germany
26
Active Regiments
Cavalry
11th Armored Cav FT Irwin, CA
Airbourne
173rd Airbourne Infantry Div Germany, Italy
27
Types of Branches of the US Army
1) Maneuver, Fires and Effects
involved in actual fighting
2) Operational Support
provide
operational assistance to combat arms to include
combat missions as necessary
3) Operational Service Support

provide logistical and administrative support
to the army personnel normally not directly
involved in combat operations
28
MFE
Infantry
Corps of Engineers
Armor
Aviation
Air Defense Artillery
Field Artillery
Special Forces
29
OS
Military Police
Aviation
Corps of Engineers
Chemical Corps
Signal Corps
Military Intelligence
30
OSS
Finance Corps
Ordnance Corps
Transportation Corps
Quartermaster Corps
Adjutant General Corps
Special Branches
JAG Corps
Medical Corps
Dental Corps
Nurse Corps
Veterinary Corps
Chaplain Corps
31
Chain of Command Bottom Line
  • Commander in Chief
  • Secretary of Defense
  • Secretary of the Army
  • Army Chief of Staff
  • Theater Commander
  • Army Group Commander
  • Corps Commander

Division Commander Brigade Commander Battalion
Commander Company Commander Platoon
Leader Squad Leader Team Leader
32
Summary
  • US MILITARY BRANCHES
  • Active Duty / USAR / NATIONAL GUARD
  • RANK STRUCTURE/UNIT STRUCTURE
  • ARMY DIVISIONS
  • ARMY BRANCHES

33
Conclusion
  • QUESTIONS
  • OR
  • COMMENTS
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