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1970s

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Thanks to the sheer scale of the industry, rock's identity as an ... Bruce Springsteen. Bruce Springsteen. Born to Run, 1975. Lyrics are arguably poetic ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 1970s


1
1970s
  • Rock n roll had become big business
  • Recording sessions more elaborate
  • Performances become more staged
  • Thanks to the sheer scale of the industry, rocks
    identity as an outsiders art form had never
    been so precarious

2
1980s
  • We will watch a video, Up from the Underground
  • What are the major musical styles and who are the
    main contributors?

3
1980s
  • What was the operating philosophy of MTV? What
    is its significance?
  • How did rock re-invent itself in the 1980s?
  • In what ways were the videos of Devo and the
    Eurythmics a breakthrough?
  • What is the race barrier? How did Billie Jean
    cross it?
  • How does Run DMC change rap music?
  • To what degree does Madonnas steamy video
    Justify my Love show the limitations of music
    videos?
  • Why is Lollapalooza important to the history of
    rock?
  • How do alternative rock with its outspoken and
    unkept musicians relate to music as a business,
    an industry?

4
The 1980s
  • Rock Videos and MTV
  • Radio vs. Cable
  • MTV debut Aug. 1, 1981
  • Vee-jays
  • Friday Night Videos

5
The 1980s
  • Technological Developments
  • Cassette tapes vs Compact Discs
  • By 1983 ca. 50 of total profits came from
    cassette sales (3.78 billion)
  • Walkmans

6
Michael Jackson
7
Michael Jackson
  • Thriller biggest selling album of all time
  • Over 45 million sold
  • Transitions from Jackson Five to solo artist

8
Thriller
  • Mini-film vs. promotional video
  • White only policy changes
  • Elaborate staging
  • Sophisticated special effects
  • Plot
  • Innovative choreography

9
Thriller
  • Uniquely recognizable bass riff
  • Strong backbeat and vocals
  • Slowly rising melody climaxes on title creating
    tension
  • Superior production values

10
Bruce Springsteen
11
Bruce Springsteen
  • Born to Run, 1975
  • Lyrics are arguably poetic
  • Frustrations, confusions, dreams and
    disappointments of average working-class person
  • Themes of unemployment, social issues, Vietnam
    vets, rage and frustration against the
    establishment

12
Born to Run
  • Double-time drum flourish
  • Transitions to saturated 8-beat rhythm
  • Would come to typify punk and new wave
  • Whole band lays down driving rock beat
  • Simple guitar riff

13
Born to Run
  • Thickens texture with sax
  • No subtlety
  • Little or no syncopation
  • Memorable riff
  • Basic I IV V harmonies
  • Wanders into distant harmonies as song progresses

14
Born in the USA
  • Strong story line
  • Simple riffs and rhythms
  • Subtle details
  • Sent me off to a foreign land/to go and kill the
    yellow man
  • Heavy backbeat
  • Electronic enhancement
  • Resembles a rifle shot

15
Born in the USA
  • Riff becomes title phrase but organic unity
    throughout
  • Doubles with high piano line
  • Other instruments layer in and out
  • Riff and backbeat ever-present even thoughout
    drum solo

16
Madonna
17
MadonnaBorderline
  • Essentially un-original music
  • Simple rhythms and synthesized sounds grafted to
    pop style
  • Sounds up-to-date because of layered texture
  • 16 beat rhythm

18
MadonnaBorderline
  • Melody and harmonies traditional and simple
  • Verse could be late 60s or early 80s
  • Chorus echoes 50s teen pop

19
Like a Prayer
  • Keeps same basic approach
  • Very simplistic
  • Begins with string of jarring juxtapositions
  • Guitar figures with quasi-hard metal sound
  • Religious accompaniment
  • choir and organ

20
U2
21
U2Gloria
  • General characteristics true for much of U2s
    music in the 1980s
  • Four textures
  • Low
  • Middle
  • High
  • Vocal

22
Gloria
  • Repeated notes at 8-beat speed in bass
  • Beat-keeping on bass drum (low)
  • Angular guitar line moving at 8-beat speed (high)
  • Strong bass, wide range
  • Insistent drum patterns

23
Gloria
  • Little syncopation
  • Mostly in irregular accents on Edges guitar line
  • Chorus
  • Bass stops persistent beat
  • Drums shift to disco beat
  • Guitar less relentless
  • More harmonic activity
  • Higher register

24
Gloria
  • Bonos vocals meant to evoke a choirboy
  • Reverberation sounds like a cathedral
  • Extended instrumental interlude (ca. 220)
  • 8-beat bass added to 16-beat drums and choked
    guitar

25
Gloria
  • Trademark sounds
  • Open sound
  • Wide registral spacing
  • Prominent timekeeping at 8- and 16-beat levels
  • Relentless guitar and bass

26
Gloria
  • Trademark sounds
  • Open sound
  • Wide registral spacing
  • Prominent timekeeping at 8- and 16-beat levels
  • Relentless guitar and bass

27
I Still Havent Found What Im Looking For
  • What does the song mean?
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