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Breast Cancer

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Every year over 1,100 died of breast cancer ... Breast Cancer in Georgia. Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population. Breast Cancer Incidence ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Breast Cancer


1
Breast Cancer
2
This Presentation provided by
  • The American Cancer Society
  • The University of Georgia Cooperative Extension
    Service
  • The Department of Human Resources

3
What Is Cancer?
Cancer is the name given to a large number of
diseases.
4
Breast Structure
5
Breast Cancer Facts
  • 2nd leading cause of death
  • 2nd most common cancer
  • Incidence increases with age
  • All women are at risk

6
Breast Cancer in USA
One out of eight American women will be
diagnosed with breast cancer
7
Breast Cancer in Georgia
  • It is the most common cancer in Georgia women.
  • It is the second cause of death.
  • Every year in Georgia over 5,200 women are
    diagnosed with this disease
  • Every year over 1,100 died of breast cancer
  • __________________________________________________
    _______
  • Sources Georgia Comprehensive Cancer Registry,
    2003

8
Breast Cancer in Georgia
Breast Cancer Incidence and Mortality Rates by
Race, US (1996-2000) and GA (1999-2000
1997-2001)
Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard
population.
9
Breast Cancer in Georgia
Georgia Breast Cancer Incidence and Mortality by
Age Group
Georgia Breast Cancer Incidence and Mortality by
Age Group
Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard
population.
10
Breast Cancer Risk Factorsthat cannot be changed
Age
GENDER - All women are at risk
Reproductive History
Family/Personal History
Menstrual History
Race
Radiation
Genetic Factors
Treatment with DES
11
Breast Cancer Risk Factorsthat can be controlled
Obesity
Obesity
All women are at risk
All women are at risk
Not having children
Not having children
Exercise
Exercise
Breastfeeding
Breastfeeding
Birth Control Pills
Birth Control Pills
Hormone Replacement Therapy
Hormone Replacement Therapy
Alcohol
Alcohol
12
A Good Breast Health Plan
  • Mammograms
  • Clinical Breast Examination (CBE)
  • Self Awareness (Monthly Self Exams) (BSE)

13
Mammography
Average-size lump found by woman practicing
occasional breast self-exam (BSE)
Average-size lump found by woman practicing
regular breast self-exam (BSE)
Average-size lump found by first mammogram
Average-size lump found by getting regular
mammograms
14
Warning Signs
  • Warning signs and symptoms
  • Painless lump or thickening
  • Thickening or swelling that persist
  • Nipple pain or retraction
  • Breast skin irritation or dimpling
  • Spontaneous discharge

Early breast cancer may not have symptoms.
15
American Cancer SocietyScreening Recommendations
  • Annual mammograms, starting at age 40
  • Clinical breast exams
  • every year starting at age 40
  • every 3 years for women age
  • 20-39
  • Self-breast exams monthly, starting at age 20

16
Mammogram Things to Consider.
  • Cost.
  • What to wear?
  • Who will perform the mammogram?
  • Time for procedure.
  • You may feel some discomfort.
  • When to expect the results?
  • 1 or 2 mammograms out of every 1,000 lead to a
    diagnosis of cancer.
  • How often should I get a mammogram?

17
Breast Cancer Treatments
  • Surgery
  • Chemotheraphy
  • Radiation Therapy
  • Hormone Theraphy
  • Immunotherapy

18
Nutrition Guidelines
  • Eat a variety of healthful foods, with an
    emphasis on plant sources.
  • Adopt a physically active lifestyle.
  • Maintain a healthful weight throughout life.
  • If you drink alcoholic beverages, limit
    consumptions.

19
Resources
Low income and uninsured women could have their
clinical breast exam and mammogram throught the
BreasTEST MORE at low or not cost to them. For
more information please call 1-800-227-2345
and ask for the closest center to you place of
residence.
20
For more information
1-800-ACS-2345 www.cancer.org
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