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Title: DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


1
NATIONAL CONFERENCE FOR KHARIF CAMPAIGN
2007 (3rd 4th April 2007)
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANDHRA PRADESH
2
2006-07 Performing better
2005-06
2006-07 (Estimated) Ever Highest foodgrain
production - 169.50 lakh MTs. 186.00
Lack MTs Ever Highest Fertilizer product
consumption - 53.36 lakh MTs. 56.00
Lack MTs. Ever Lowest Pesticide consumption
- 1918 MTs. 1400 MTs. Ever Highest Area
under crop diversification - 6.52
lakh ha. 8.35 Lack MTs. Ever Highest Crop loan
extended to farmers - Rs. 13,300
Crores. Rs. 15700 Cr.
3
Increased Production over Normal
2005-06 2006-07
(Estimated) Cereals Millets - 23 23 Pulses -
25 59 Oil Seeds - 10 8
Cotton - 21 32 Sugarcane - 8 20 Food
grains - 24 33
May not be higher than normal due to drought in
most Oil seeds growing districts.
4
Crop wise Area Production Targets for Kharif
2007
  • () Cotton production in lakh bales of 170 kgs.
    of lint
    () Mesta
    production in lakh bales of 180 kgs.

5
ANDHRA PRADESH PROFILE
  • Agriculture in State Provides Livelihood for 70
    population.
  • Contribution of Agril. Allied activities to the
    GSDP - 24 Agril. Alone 13
  • Average Rainfall - 864 mm
  • (Frequent occurrence of droughts floods)

Total Geographical Area - 274.00
L.ha. Gross Cropped Area - 133.62 L.ha Net
Cropped Area - 108.39 L.ha Gross Irrigated
Area - 59.96 L.ha. Net Irrigated Area -
43.93 L.ha. Gross Rainfed Area - 73.66
L.ha. Net Rainfed Area - 64.46
L.ha. Important Crops - Rice, Maize,
Redgram, Greengram, Blackgram Bengalgram,
Groudnut, Cotton, Chillies Sugarcane No.
of Farm Holdings - 115 lakhs (Average 1.24 ha)
Marginal(up to 1 ha) - 60.9 Small (1
to 2 ha) - 21.9 Semi medium(2-4 ha) -
12.3 Medium (4-10 ha) - 1.3
Large (gt 10 ha) - 0.6
6
CHALLENGES!!
  • 70 rainfed
  • In 10 out of 15 years 60 of mandals declared
    drought hit
  • 83 farmers SF/MF
  • INCREASING land fragmentation ,tanancy

7
Agriculture Focus2007-08 Increased Return on
investment to small marginal farmers Through
Increased crop productivity Increased Crop
Production Reduced cost of cultivation
Better crop planning Better market tie ups
8
PRE KHARIF CAPACITY BUILDING
  • Annual capacity building programme to all the
    levels of Agricultural Extension staff 4021 was
    organized during Feb/March 2007 for reengineering
    extension approach. At SAMETI , Hyderabad.
  • Organizing Rythu Chaitanya Yatra before
    commencement of Agriculture Season by sending
    Integrated Inter disciplinary team of
    Agricultural Allied Departments to each of the
    55,000 habitations covering 22.5 lakh farmers
    for imparting training on the technological
    gaps.-15-04-07 TO 05-05-07
  • Organizing Rythu Sadassus in each of the 79
    Revenue Divisions after RCY.15-05-07 TO 31-05-07

9
INCREASING RETURN ON INVESTMENT

  • SOIL HEALTH
    MANAGEMENT

10
INTEGRATED NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT
Soil Fertility Status
Soil Limitations
Legend
1. 57 Soils are Low in N, 80 Low in P
3 Low in K. 2. More than 50 Soils are poor
in organic matter 3. 49 Soils Low in
Zn 4. 50 Red soils Low in Sulphur 5. 8.3
lakh ha soils affected with salinity
alkalinity
Red soils 69 Black soils 18 Alluvial
soils 10 Delta soils 14 Salt affected
2 Others 6
  • Soil Resource Maps Generated at State, Dist.
    Mandal Levels in collaboration with
  • NBSS /NRSA at cost of Rs. 35 lakh in
    period of 6 years
  • This type of Map hierarchy is first of its kind
    in India

11
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12
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13
Nutrient Balance Sheet
14
INTEGRATED NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT(Applying a blend
of Organic and Inorganic fertilizers in right
proportions)
Chemical Fertilizer
Compost (Vermicompot)
Ploughing Green Manure in situ
Bio-Fertilizers
15
SOIL FERTILITY MANAGEMENT
  • Soil test based Fertilizer recommendations

Fertilizer consumption (lakh MTs)
Projections for 11th Five Year Plan (lakh MTs)
  • Soil testing
  • To cover 75 lakh ha of cultivable area 15 lakh
    samples are to be analysed. The samples are to
    be analysed once in 3 years to know the nutrient
    deficiencies. It planned to analyse 5 lakh
    samples every year.
  • 24 departmental soil testing labs are
    functioning. 22,000 samples are to be analysed
    per lab in 2 months _at_ 440 samples / day /lab.
  • Therefore macro nutrient testing can be
    decentralized by providing 20,000 soil testing
    kits to the villagers with a analysing capacity
    of 25 samples / kit resulting in 5 lakh samples
    tested.
  • 5000 ST kits with 15000 refills will be
    provided during 2007-08.

16
Kharif 2006 Planning Process
Fertilizer distribution outlets of Institutional
agencies in Kurnool District
PACS (2)
RFCS (1)
ARSK (25)
FSCS (1)
Similar exercise was done for all other districts
for planning the opening of fertilizer outlets by
institutional agencies
Kribhco Markfed (10)
MACS (2)
DCMS (1)
17
Soil Health Management
Correction of Micro Nutrient Deficiency
  • Zinc deficiency hampers uptake of Nutrients,
    resulting in influencing crop productivity.
  • Zinc Sulphate is being supplied to correct the
    Zinc deficiency in Paddy, Groundnut Cotton
    crops once in three crop seasons.

Zinc deficiency corrected
Projections for 11th plan
Reclamation of Alkali soils
  • Over 6.00 lakh ha in the state are affected by
    alkalinity. An area of 42123 ha has been
    covered so far.
  • During 11th Plan it is proposed to covered
    1.60 lakh ha,

Alkali soils reclaimed (Gypsum)
Projections for 11th plan (Gypsum)
18
GREEN MANURE SEED
  • It is programmed to cover 17.40 lakh ha of
    irrigated paddy area under green Mannuring
    during 11th Plan period.

2007-08
  • It is programmed to cover 2.80 lakh ha. under
    green Mannuring during 2007-08
  • Distribution of green manure seed in past 4
    years is shown below
  • It is planned to produce 25 of required seed
    under seed village programme. The balance
    will be met from other sources.
  • It improves soil health, increase productivity,
    reduce cost of cultivation by supplementing N2
    by increasing the soil microbial activity
    increasing texture of soil

19
VERMICOMPOST
  • Vermicompost is very useful as it
  • Improves the soil fertility
  • Increases the moisture retension capacity
  • Increases the microbial activity helps in
    increasing production
  • Improves the keeping quality of the produce
  • Makes the crop drought tolerant.

Projections for 11th plan
No. of Units organized
  • Every year it is planned to organize 500
    vermihatchery units for supplying earthworms to
    60000 vermi units.
  • The budget provision required for vermi hatchery
    units is Rs.375 lakhs every year Rs.1875 for
    entire 11th five year plan.

20
ISSUES
  • 1.FERTILIZER PRICING POLICY TO FOCUS ON
    MICRONUTRIENTS-Zinc,Boron etc.


    2.Bio-Products which are not covered under I.Act
    1968 and FCO 1985 are being marketed.
  • The Department prohibited their marketing in the
    licensed premises but the producers of
    Bio-Products obtained stay from the Honble High
    Court and continued the business.
  • Regulation mechanism may be suggested to the sale
    of Bio-Products in the market as the farmers are
    incurring unnecessary expenditure and thereby
    increasing the production cost some times
    resulting in crop loss also.

21
INCREASING RETURN ON INVESTMENT
  • improving seed replacement rates


22
SEED REPLACEMENT RATE (SRR)-critical to crop
productivity
  • THREE FOLD STRATEGY IN AP STATE TO INCREASE SEED
    SRR
  • Strengthen Research Institute to produce BREEDER
    SEED
  • Strengthen State seed farms to produce
    FOUNDATION SEED
  • Empower farmers through Seed Village programme
    to produce CERTIFIED SEED

All India SRR in 2005-06 - 18 AP SRR in 2005-06
- 40 The Seed SRR has increased from 22
in 2003-04 to 40 in 2005-06 and - in
2006-07 We propose to achieve SRR in 2007-08
23
Year wise Seed Production targets for 100 SRR
24
Strategies Cont..
Production of Foundation Seed through State Seed
Farms
Production of Certified Seed through Seed Village
Scheme
25
SEED VILLAGE PROGRAMME to empower farmers in
seed production Increase SRR
  • 2200 villages being developed as Seed Villages
  • Farmers produce seed under technical guidance of
    departmental officials scientists
  • Foundation Seed is given to farmers at 50
    subsidy
  • Seed produced is distributed by the farmers to
    the other farmers in the surrounding villages

RESULT Good quality seed is made available at
low cost
26
SEED VILLAGE PROGRAMME
27
SEED SUPPLY PLAN AND SEED REPLACEMENT RATIO (SRR)
FOR KHARIF - 2007
28
ISSUES
  • LOW VARIETAL REPLACEMENT RATE
  • SVP-REVOLVING FUND,PROCESSING BACKUP
  • HIGH SALE COSTS BY NSC SETTING A BOTTOMLINE FOR
    STATE SEED CORPORATIONS
  • MULTIPLE AGENCIES WHO SEE THIS MORE AS A BUISNESS
    PROPOSITION AND WITH POOR TECHNICAL
    BACK-UP.QUALITY COMPROMISED.case of
  • PRIVATE SECTOR-HIGHSEED PRICING eg.maize-rs6-10
    procured ,sold-rs120-140

29
INCREASING RETURN ON INVESTMENT

  • farming
    situation based integrated crop management

30
SHIFT FROM MACRO PLANNING TO MICRO PLANNING
State Rainfall 500 1400 mm (Average 864
mm)
Rainfall 800-1100 mm 1000-1100 700-1000 900-1500 7
00-900 500-750 1400
Variations in agro-climatic situation has
significant impact on crop growth, taking the
state to various levels in productivity from
highest to very low levels in the National and
International scenario.
31
Farming Situation based Crop Planning
A shift from Agro-ecological zone to Farming
Situation
  • The earlier Agriculture Planning was based on
    7 Agro climatic zones.
  • In order to address the local variations in
    each zone the entire Agriculture Area was
    divided into 327 Farming Situations
  • The planning is now drilled down to the level
    of each farming situation duly considering the
    specific characterize of the farming situation
  • Example of Farming Situation in Guntur District

32
MANDAL LEVEL STRATEGY OF CROP PRODUCTION (BASE
D ON FARMING SITUATION)
Mandal Amaravati District Guntur. Total
farming situations 5 Farming situation 1NSP
Canal fed Tail End Heavy Soils Area 861
ha. Proposed Crops- Rice 861 ha. Kharif.
Variety BPT 5204, MTU 1010 Blackgram- 452 ha.
Rabi. Variety LBG 20, 623,402 T9
  • General Constraints of Farming Situation-
  • Soils low in organic matter
  • Low in N, Medium in PK
  • Insufficient water supply in Tail End
  • Water logging

Contd..
33
Crop specific constraints
Rice Poor crop stand (Due to water logging),
Zinc deficiency imbalance fertilizer application.
Pests like leaf folder BPH and disease like
Blast Potentials Scope of growing Green gram /
Green manure preceding Rice. Strategy
Motivation for growing green gram (Pre Kharif),
Own seed production, Optimum plant stand 33
hill/sq m, Zinc application _at_ 50Kg/ha. Soil test
based fertilize doze with organic matter, IPM,
Contingency Drought Cyclone
34
Preparation of Village Action Plan on
knowledge gaps.
  • The Extension functionaries have prepared
    village wise action plans on Technical knowledge
    gaps and Strategies which can be missions for
    Agriculture Development.

35
Strategies Cont..
Farming Situation wise planning further drilled
down to village level
Agriculture Extension Staff trained in
preparation of Village Action Plan based on the
existing farming situations
36
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37
Village Action Plan Contd..
Strategies Cont..
Village Action Plan helped in Identification of
Technology Gaps.
Main Technology gaps found in Rice are
Seed Treatment (10633 villages), INM (6628
villages), IPM (6631villages), Maintenance of
optimum plant population (4690 villages) and
correcting Zn deficiency (6776 villages) etc in
Rice.
38
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41
On- Line facility for preparation of Village
Action Plan during 2007-08Automated Succesive
compilation facility up to Mandal, District and
State level on-Line.
42
INCREASING RETURN ON INVESTMENT
  • Effective research-extension linkages


43
Scope for bridging the Yield gaps
New varieties
Gap IEnvironment non-transferable (can be
narrowed with new technology)
Gap IICrop management (can be reduced with
existing technology)
44
Pest management and surveillance
  • Changing scenario of crop pests
  • Minor/unknown have become major
  • PADDY-Panicle mite,stem rot
  • COTTON-jassids,thrips,black arm,para wilt
  • RED GRAM-SPOTTED POD BORER

45
Agri-technology-ISSUES
  • Agrometrology Risk management-met
    advice-medium/longe range district wise forecast,
  • Regulatory body for technology transfer
    agreements-transgenic crops
  • Package of practices for transgenics from ICAR
  • Bt.Refugee not possible under INDIAN
    conditions-IMPACTS?gene mutations?

46
INCREASING RETURN ON INVESTMENT

  • CROP SPECIFIC
    STRATEGIES

47
Crop Specific Strategies
Gaps in Rice yield (kg/ha)
Region Rice World 3837
India 3000 AP Average 2939
Region Rice AP Potential 4095
AP Highest 3702
PADDY
2007-0 8 Planned 3380
  • SRR 61
  • Research on development of flood resistant
    varieties
  • Efficient drainage system to avert water logging
    and salinity
  • Green Manuring
  • Correction of Zn deficiency
  • Reclamation of alkali soils
  • INM, IPM, EWM and BAP (Best Agronomic Practices)
  • SRI Technology in controlled irrigation situation
    and tail land areas
  • Use of slow dissolving N fertilizer
  • Formation of Alley Ways (20 cm) at 2m internal
  • Organization of New Hybrid Rice demonstration
  • Free Power supply

Cont
48
Crop Specific Strategies
Gaps in Groundnut yield (kg/ha)
Region Groundnut World
1347 India 938 AP Average 728
Region Groundnut AP
Potential 2521 AP Highest 3275
GROUNDNUT
2007-08 Planned 890
  • SRR 26
  • Strengthening of Quality seed production chain.
  • Research on identification development of
    varieties suited to
  • agro- ecological situation in A.P.
  • INM, IPM and BAP
  • Use of Bullock / Tractor drawn Seed Drill and
    other farm implements
  • Correction of sulphur deficiency through Gypsum
  • Optimum plant population
  • Moisture Conservation through construction of
    farm ponds and
  • dead furrows at every 6th row
  • Use of Rhizobium bacterial culture
  • Use of resistant varieties in endemic areas for
    leaf spot.

Cont
49
Crop Specific Strategies
Gaps in Maize yield (kg/ha)
Region Maize World 4472
India 2114 AP Average 4073
Region Maize AP Potential 6020
AP Highest 4354
MAIZE
2007-08 Planned 4099
  • SRR 100 (hybrids)
  • Select locally adapted variety
  • To grow in well drained soils
  • Two irrigations at critical stages
  • Maize groundnut / Maize Redgram / Maize
    sunflower is ideal
  • sequence instead of Maize Maize sequence
  • Inter cropping with Redgram or Soyabean
  • Fertilisation as per soil test data Avoid
    excess N application
  • Discourage maize in scanty rainfall areas
  • Encourage special corn like baby corn sweet
    corn, pop corn varieties
  • Seed treatment with mancozeb

Cont
50
Crop Specific Strategies
Gaps in Redgram yield (kg/ha)
Region Redgram World -
India 853 AP Average 608
Region Redgram AP Potential
960 AP Highest 875
REDGRAM
2007-08 Planned 635
  • Planned SRR 30
  • To grow in non-saline and well drained soils
  • Sowings Kharif 15th June to 15th July , Rabi
    20th Sept to 20th Oct
  • Soil Variety Seed rate (kg/ha)
    Spacing
  • Heavy Long duration 4 5 260x20
    cm
  • Light Long duration 10 12 180
    20cm
  • Crop rotation with sorghum to check fusarium
    wilt.
  • Use of disease resistant varieties
  • Fusarium wilt 1 CPL 8863 or 87119
  • Root Rot 1CPL 227 or 87119
  • Soil test based fertilizer Application

Cont
51
Crop Specific Strategies

Gaps in Cotton yield (kg/ha)
Region Cotton (Lint) World 567
India 244 AP Average 347
Region Cotton (Lint) AP
Potential 594 AP Highest 500
COTTON
2007-08 Planned 437
  • SRR 100
  • Use of certified seed
  • To grow in heavy soils
  • To essentially follow IPM
  • Bt cotton to be grown under irrigation, along
    with refuge crop to avoid development of insect
    resistance to endotoxin
  • Intercrop with redgram / soyabean
  • Grow Border crop with sorghum and maize
  • Grow Trap crop like castor, marigold, okra
  • Eradicate parthenium to control TMV
  • Stem application of Imidachloprid (120) from 30
    to 60 days.

Cont
52
Crop Specific Strategies
Gaps in Jowar yield (kg/ha)
Region Jowar World 1301
India 808 AP Average 973
Region Jowar AP Potential AP
Highest 4873
Jowar
2007-08 Planned 1377
  • SRR 61
  • Use of Hybrid Certified seed
  • Intercrop with pulses
  • INM, IPM, EWM and BAP (Best Agronomic Practices)
  • Increase of area expansion
  • Value addition
  • Farm Mechanization

Cont
53
Crop Specific Strategies
Gaps in Mesta yield (kg/ha)
2007-08 Planned 1761
MESTA
  • SRR 40
  • Supply of quality Certified seed
  • Timely sowing
  • INM, IPM, EWM and BAP (Best Agronomic Practices)
  • Increase of area expansion
  • Value addition
  • Foliar application of urea
  • Imrpoment of quality fiber with modern retting
    technology
  • Implementation of Jute Technology Mission -2007-08

Cont
54
VISION TO ENHANCE THE PRODUCTIVITY OF IMPORTANT
CROPS IN 11TH FIVE YEAR PLAN (Kg/ha)
Rice
55
VISION TO ENHANCE THE PRODUCTIVITY OF IMPORTANT
CROPS IN 11TH FIVE YEAR PLAN (Kg/ha)
Growth rate 2
56
Size of Holdings, Irrigated Area, and Cropping
Intensity
Cultivated land / house hold (ha)
1.96 Irrigated area () 44.44 Cropping intensity
() 102.37
Cultivated land / house hold (ha)
1.67 Irrigated area () 47.99 Cropping intensity
() 96.69
Cultivated land / house hold (ha)
1.77 Irrigated area () 21.75 Cropping intensity
() 88.10
Cultivated land / house hold (ha)
1.59 Irrigated area () 74.75 Cropping intensity
() 131.73
Cultivated land / house hold (ha)
1.80 Irrigated area () 50.78 Cropping intensity
() 129.95
Cultivated land / house hold (ha)
1.64 Irrigated area () 56.58 Cropping intensity
() 88.63
Cultivated land / house hold (ha)
1.84 Irrigated area () 15.49 Cropping intensity
() 112.23
57

  • RAINFED AREA
    CROP MANAGEMENT

58
Improved variety weed control balanced use of
fertilizers LOW INPUT INTENSIVE TECHNOLOGY
most important critical production factors in
rainfed.
59
AP MEASURES TAKEN FOR DROUGHT PROOFING
AP encountered 16 drought years during past 22
years
60
Andhra Pradesh Micro Irrigation Project (APMIP)
Subsidy on system cost Sprinklers 50
with ceiling of Rs. 50,000/- per family Drip
60 with ceiling of Rs. 50,000/- per
family ( 90 for bio-diesel
plantations)
AP- Area coverage in MI - Highest in country
Planned in next 2 years another 3 lakh ha
61
BIO DIESEL PLANTATION Moving toward Energy
Security
  • Proposed in 40,000 ha in each of the 13 districts
    under NREGS Pongamia(15 lakh acres by next
    year)
  • 100 financial assistance for the poor farmers
    cultivating assigned lands by leveraging
    Rs.10,800/acre through NREGS in 3 years time
  • Contemplating to give a support price of Rs. 10/-
    per kg of Jatropha / Pongamia seed
  • APSRTC will run 10 of its fleet with 5 blend of
    bio-diesel

62
System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in
Paddy Less can Produce more
  • SRI technology planned to cover 2.5 lakh acres
    in 2006-07
  • Less External Inputs
  • 2 kg/ac seed rate as against 20 kg/ac normal
  • Fewer plants per unit area (25 25 cm)
  • Less Chemical fertilizers and pesticide usage
  • Better crop management through cono
  • weeder marker
  • Tillering greatly increased

CONSTRAINT-MANUAL CONOWEEDER
63
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64
INCREASING RETURN ON INVESTMENT

  • REORIENTING
    AGRICULTURE EXTENSION
  • FARMERS AS KNOWLEDGE PARTNERSneed to
    comlement experience with science

65
FARMERS EDUCATION CRITICAL IN INCREASING CROP
PRODUCTIVITY
  • TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY(TFP) TECHNOLOGY
    TRANSFER RATE
  • TECHNOLOGY USE EFFICIENCY

66
Major Approaches to Educate the Farmers
  • 1. Farmers Training Centers (FTC)
  • 2. On Farm Demonstration (OFD)

67
EDUCATING FARMERS the A.P. way
  • Agriculture Education moved from Farmer
    training centres into villages by establishing a
    state wide network of POLAM BADIS(FARMER
    SCHOOLS).
  • POLAM BADI-OFFERS PRACTICAL DEMOS AND TRAINING ON
    FIELD FOR 16 WEEKS .EACH BADI HAS 30 FARMERS AND
    A FIELD AREA OF 25 acres
  • Since Rabi-2004,6947-polam-badies organised and
    2,08,410farmers educated on farm technologies.

68
Difference Between Major Approaches to Educate
the Farmers
69
ICM crop package is evolved to contain
recommendations on the following 4-interlinked
management systems.
70
Key Principles of POLAM BADI
  • What is relevant and meaningful is decided by the
    farmer and must be discovered by the farmer.

Hence, Polam badi approach is a discovery based,
Agricultural Officers or trained farmers will
act as facilitators
Cont..
71

Season Long Training of Facilitators for
Extension Field Functionaries and Farmer
Facilitators in the Field
Farmer Facilitators
Extension Functionaries
72
Mile stones in Polam badi
Developed Manuals in English for Agricultural
Officers Basic course Reading materials In
Telugu and in Multicolour for Polam badi (FFS)
farmers
73
Mile stones in POLAM BADI
Developed Handbooks in Telugu in Multicolour for
Farmer Facilitators
74
POLAM BADI CURRICULUM MATRIX
(AGRO ECO-SYSTEM ANALYSIS)
2.GROUP DYNAMICS TEAM BUILDING FARMERS,TIME-
30
INSECT ZOO
ORGANIZATION,MANAGEMENT FIELD DAY TIME -20
1.SCIENCE FARMERS,TIME- 50
75
Presentation on Agro Eco System Analysis by
Farmers
76
Polam badi Learning Field Lay Out (2 ACRES)
I C M ½ ACRE
Farmers practice I/2 ACRE
Long Term Experiments AN ACRE
77
POLAM BADI IN A CROP SEASON
Tillering Panicle
GROWTH STAGES
POLAM BADI-OFFERS PRACTICAL TRAINING IN FIELD FOR
14 TO 16 WEEKS. EACH BADI HAS 30 FARMERS AND A
FIELD AREA OF 25 ACRES
78
Pre and Post-Polam Badi Ballot Box Tests
Showed 30-40 Increased in Knowledge
79
Mile stones inPOLAM BADI
Conducted qualifying test for 1966 farmer
facilitators. 83 farmer facilitators were
qualified
80
Developing Farmers As Knowledge partners
  • 1966 farmers worked as FACILITATORS in Kharif
    2006 in Polam Badi programme.They conducted the
    polam badi in 983 villages.
  • FEEDBACK Farmer to Farmer TECNOLOGY
    TRANSFER IS VERY EFFECTIVE
    HAS HIGH
    ACCEPTABILITY IN FARMERS, COST
    EFFECTIVE EXTENSION OUTREACH,
    FARMER HAS BETTER
    ACCESSIBILITY COMPLEMENTING INADEQUATE EXTENSION
    NETWORK
  • ENABLES EMPOWERMENT AND.INREASES SELF-ESTEEM OF
    FARMERS.

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82
ADVANTAGE OF POLAM BADI (ICM/FFS) OVER FARMERS
PRACTICE DURING 2006-07
83
IMPACT OF POLAM BADI
Advantage of polam badi over over farmers
practice during 2005-06 2006-07(Rupees/acre)
84
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85
PESTICIDE CONSUMPTION ( in terms of Technical
Grade) IN A.P. (MTs)
86
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87
INCREASING FARM CREDIT FLOW
Farm credit flow increased from Rs7800 crores in
2003-04 to Rs.16000 crores in 2005-06.Targetted
Rs.20000 crores in 2006-07
In AP tenant farmers are extended loan through
RMGs 16 lakh non loanee farmers are extended
credit from 2004-2006 by special drive of the
State Govt.
88
INCREASING RETURN ON INVESTMENT
  • MICRO- FINANCE TO SELF-HELP GROUPS OF FARMERS


89
Group approach in farm technology transfer farm
technology use efficiency
  • Through RMGs
  • RMG- a SHG of 20 sf/mf/tenant farmers

90
MICRO FINANCE TO SELF-HELP GROUP OF FARMERS
  • Revolving fund to be given to groups which are in
    A Category.
  • ACategory groups-
    1.regular fortnight meeting for six months.
  • 2.regular saving for six months .
  • 3.group of SF/MF/TENANT farmers.
  • 4.attended requisite training programmes .
    5.proper record maintenance.

91
Financial implications and impact of REVOLVINGFUND
  • 50,000 groups likely to be A category groups
    every year
  • 50,000 groups would save Rs.75 crores
  • 50,000 groups would get revolving fund of Rs 75
    crores making a corpus of 150 crores
  • Against 150 crores banks would give another 500
    crores as investment credit for farm and non farm
    activities.75 crores of govt money will enable
    availability of 650 crores with farmers.This is
    in addition to crop loan.
  • 5 lakh RMGs will cover all small and marginal
    farm households and tenant farmers.If 5 lakh RMGs
    are Acategory they will save 750 crores.with
    750 revolving fund corpus will go upto 1500
    crores and banks will give another 5,000 crores
    under investment credit.this is in addition to
    20,000 crores of crop loan.
  • Availability of 6500 crores annually with well
    trained , educated, organised farmer self help
    groups for allied farming activities will set in
    motion economic activities which will be a strong
    safety network for farmers in times when crops
    fail .

92
Strategies to revitalise agriculture
EFFECTIVE INPUT REGULATION
93
Inputs Effective Regulations
  • Quality Input ( Seed, Fertilizers Pesticides)
    availability - Strengthening Regulation
  • Increased Fertilizer Testing Labs - 5 to
    22
  • Increased Seed Testing Labs - 3 to 22
  • Increased Bio-agent labs - 14 to 22
  • Increased pesticide testing labs - 5
    to 7
  • Established DNA Finger Printing lab in
    collaboration with NBPGRI
  • Established Bio fertilizer Bio-pesticides
    Testing labs
  • 7250 Fertilizer samples planned to analyse during
    Kharif 2007.
  • 8000 seed samples planned to analyse during
    Kharif 2007
  • 3400 Pesticides samples planned to analyse during
    Kharif 2007
  • Special squads will be formed at state level for
    all the inputs for surprise checks
  • Law officers appointed by Govt. to deal with
    cases filed on input irregularities
  • Lab officers for each input were imparted special
    training for analysis

94
Precautions to be observed to avoid failure of
prosecution
At Field Level At Seed Inspector level
i) Drawal of sample by prescribed sampling
instrument. ii) Adopting prescribed sampling
intensity as given in Schedule I of Seeds
(Control) Order, 1983. iii) Adopting prescribed
procedure of packing and despatch as
envisaged in Section 26 29 of Seeds Rule
1968. iv) Regular attendance at Court. v) Proper
replies in cross examination vi) Conducting of
Punchnama. vii) Serving of Form-VII ie,
analytical report to the dealer.
95
Cont..
viii) Calculation of consent limitation period
which commences from the date of acknowledgment
of Form-VII. ix) Maintenance and production of
all specimens in the court. a)    Form-III, IV,
V, VI, VII, VIII. b)    Guard sample c)   
Consent of Commissioner. d)    Copies of show
cause replies. e)    Permission of magistrate for
seizure of material under custody. f)     
Preparation of prosecution proposals. g)   
Production of witnesses. x) Keeping the seized
stock under combined seal of S.I and dealer xi)
Drawing the seed sample from the seized stock
prior to shifting of stock to safe custody.
96
B. At ADA Level a)    Filing of prosecution in
proper manner within limitation period. b)   
Communication of summons to the concerned. c)   
Guiding Seed Inspector for successful
prosecution. d)    Replying in proper manner in
cross examination. e)    Regular in
attendance. C. At Joint Director of Agriculture
Level Seeking of Consent from Commissionerate. Mon
itoring of prosecution. Guidance to Seed
Inspector and ADA. D. At Commissionerate Level
Release of consent immediately on receipt of
proposal. Verification of opinion of
APP. Incorporation of applicable provisions of
Seed Laws in the consent.
97
E. At Lab level Not entertaining the sample send
in the manner not prescribed in the Seed Rules
1968. Not entertaining of under sized submitted
sample Not entertaining a sample lost, misplaced
and recovered and delivered after considerable
period. Not furnishing of analytical result
beyond 30 days after receipt of sample. Appearing
in the court on receipt of summons without
fail. Replying to the cross examination prudently
bearing responsibility of analysis as notified
analyst.
98
Issues of Quality Control
  • INSECTICIDEThe Insecticide Inspectors are finding
    it very difficult to produce the person named
    responsible for quality control of insecticides
    in the court of law in the event of misbranding.
  • Amendment may be made in the Act to ensure
    attendance of any person working in the company
    as responsible since the persons named in the
    Affidavit are leaving the company and their
    address is not known. Thus, the cases are
    becoming weak.
  • SEED New seed act

99
QUALITY ISSUES
  • INSECTICIDES-37 NEW MOLECULES INTRODUCED IN LAST
    3 YEARS.NON AVAILABILITY OF APPD CIL METHOD
  • MANUFACTURERS METHOD OF ANALYSIS VARY FROM MANF
    TO MANF-GIVING ERRATIC RESULTS

100
Farm Mechanization
Farm Mechanization is vital for improving yield
and quality of produce. It also reduces huge
investment on labour.
Implements major crop cover Paddy (50),
Groundnut (15), Maize (10) other crops
(25) Issue There is need to promote promising
Entrepreneurs to manufacture quality implements
by Govt. initiative.
101
STATUS OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE DANGEROUS
MACHINES (REGULATION) ACT, 1983
  • So far, 91 licenses have been issued to
    manufacturers dealers of threshers in the
    state.
  • Users are being educated by the inspectors on
    the importance of the Act and the benefits in
    possessing the license to use threshers.
  • As the manufacturers of threshers in this state
    are providing lengthy feeding channel besides
    providing guards, no accidents of any nature
    under the Act have been reported so far.

Suggestion for effective implementation of
Dangerous Machines Act
  • The following equipment may be brought under the
    ambit of Dangerous Machines Act
  • Power operated Chaff Cutter.
  • Power operated Sugarcane Crusher.
  • Power operated Sheller and Decorticator.

102
A.P.-Strengthening of Extension Infrastructure
  • Mobility (4 wheeler) is being provided (on hire
    basis) to all MAOs and divisional ADAs in the
    state Cell phone facility
  • Strengthening of 22 Farmers Training Centres in
    the state
  • 3 ANGRAU scientists drafted per each ADA division
    to visit villages once in a month.
  • Filling up of vacant posts of Extension Officers
  • 400 MAO buildings are under construction
  • District wise Legal advisors apptd
  • Computer-all ADAs
  • Cooling chain systems for bio-inputs at all ADAs
    office

103
INCREASING BUDGETARY ALLOCATIONS
(Rs. In Crores)
104
JALAYAGNAM
  • Agri income a function of irrigation,seed,agronomi
    c practices,credit,market-75 weightage to
    irrigation
  • Under BHARAT NIRMAN -70 LAKH ACRES ADDITIONAL
    UNDER ASSURED IRRIGATION
  • Of 30,000 crores plan exp 15,000 crores for
    irrigation
  • IMPACT GDP of AGRI cascading on AH,FISHERIES

105
POWER
  • ONLY STATE TO HAVE COAL,NATURAL GAS,HYDRO-POWER
  • 12000 MEGAWATS TO 20,000 MEGAWATS
  • 18 MILLION CUBIC MTS GAS PER DAY-FIRST LAND
    FALL-KAKINADA IN East Godavari

106
The various steps taken by the Govt. of AP to
revitalize Agriculture allied sectors has had a
significant impact on averting farm crisis and
building up confidence among the farmers of the
state.
107
TRENDS OF SUICIDAL DEATHS OF FARMERS FROM
2004-05 TO 2006-07 (upto 18-1-2007) (Quarterly
Data)
108
Andhra Pradesh Agriculture Allied Growth
Trends
109
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110
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111
GSDP OF ANDHRA PRADESH AT CONSTANT PRICES
1999-2000
Rs. In Crores
Per Capita Income
112
ROAD MAP TO 4 GROWTH RATE
Increased Technology Transfer
  • STRATEGIES
  • Farming Situation based planning
  • Increased SRR
  • INM
  • IPM
  • Input Regulation
  • Farm Mechanization
  • Credit
  • Extension
  • Growth Engines
  • Paddy
  • Groundnut
  • Maize
  • Redgram
  • Cotton
  • (Crop wise strategies in place)

Farmers Capacity Building
Reduced Cost of Cultivation Increased
Productivity
Sustainable Agriculture Development
Budget
Increased Technology Use Efficiency
113
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