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Given food, water, shelter, health care. ANIMAL RIGHTS MOVEMENT ... least one out of every four pets brought to animal shelters around the country. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Animal Rights Welfare
What comes to mind when you see these images?
  • Animals should not be used by humans.

Animal Welfare
  • If man raises or uses animals, then they should
    be humanely treated.
  • Given food, water, shelter, health care

  • Rights is not the same as welfare!
  • Term should not be used as if it means the same
    as animal welfare
  • Media often wrongly use the 2 terms

  • There are over 400 animal rights groups.
  • Came into existence in the 1960s and 1970s.
  • Initially mainly made up of urban people of whom,
    were vegetarians.

Beliefs of Most Animal Rights Movement Groups
  • Humanize animals to have same rights as humans
    (humans are also animals)
  • To use animals for human purposes is morally and
    ethically wrong, reflects a bias that humans are
    superior to animals
  • Animals should never be used for food, clothing,
    medical research, and/or product testing.
  • Animals should not be used for entertainment
  • Believe in ecoterrorism to prevent people from
    using animals if necessary

Animal Rights is
  • To end all human "exploitation" of animals - this
    includes, but is not limited to
  • raising and slaughtering of livestock for human
    or animal consumption
  • eating meat
  • Hunting
  • using animals for medical/veterinary research
  • Zoos, circuses, rodeos, horseshows, dogshows
  • animals performing in TV commercials, shows or
  • guide-dogs for the blind
  • police dogs
  • search rescue dogs
  • and the practice of owning pets

PETA People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals
  • Animal Rights Group
  • Largest group-- 800,000 members
  • Since 1980, it has been dedicated to establishing
    and protecting rights of animals. Against eating,
    wearing, experimenting and using animals for
    entertainment kept as pets
  • RADICAL group
  • Acts of terrorism
  • Controversial campaigns

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PETA People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals
  • PETA rakes in nearly 30 million each year in
    income, much of it raised from pet owners who
    think their donations actually help animals
  • PETA is against the no kill movement and
    euthanizes the majority of animals that are given
    to them
  • In 2004, PETA killed 2278 animals while finding
    homes for 368 animals !
  • According to government records PETA has killed
    more than 17,000 animals since 1998.

PETA People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals
  • "Arson, property destruction, burglary and theft
    are 'acceptable crimes' when used for the animal
  • - Alex Pacheco, Director, PETA

  • The Animal Liberation Front (ALF) is a name used
    internationally by those who, through the means
    of direct action, oppose the use of animals as
    property or resources through capitalizing on the
    destruction and experimentation of animals
  • Includes
  • stealing animals from laboratories or fur farms
  • destroying facilities involved in animal testing
    and other animal-based industries

  • ALF is not a group with a membership, but an
    example of a leaderless resistance.
  • ALF has been described as a domestic terrorist
    threat in the UK, and in January 2005, it was
    named as a terrorist threat by the United States
    Department of Homeland Security.
  • Placing homemade bombs on doorsteps, raiding
    laboratories, destroying facitilies, setting farm
    animals free (to be run over or die without
    proper feed/care), etc

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  • ANIMAL WELFARE Organization
  • Volunteer run organization
  • Educate the public about being a responsible
    animal owner
  • making the correct choice of a pet for your needs
    and lifestyle
  • having realistic expectations of the behavior and
    level of care of your pet
  • finding resources for training to achieve a
    happy, healthy relationship with your pet.
  • Educate the public and professionals on the
    difference between animal welfare and animal

So the difference is.
  • While Animals Rights Advocates and Groups talk
    about humane care, the bottom line is to work for
    humane care and legislation ONLY until all
    animals can be removed from human use. The reason
    for this is the Animal Rights belief that no
    species on this planet is better than another
    therefore, humans have no right to dominate over,
    use, breed, or eat non-human species.

Important Dates and Acts of Legislation
associated with animal welfare. 1. 1641 The
bodies of Liberty-- to protect farm animals from
cruel treatment the 1st laws on the books
2. 1828 1st anticruelty act passed by the New
York legislature. 3. 1866 ASPCA was formed.
American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to
4. 1906 Animal Transportation Act limits
distance traveled without food water 5. 1958
Humane Slaughter Act all animals must be
rendered unconscious before bleeding/sticking
  • 6. 1966- Public Law 89-544 Laboratory Animal
    Welfare Act (AWA) insure the humane care and
    treatment of dogs, cats and certain other animals
    used for research, experimentation, exhibition
    and sale purposes
  • Exceptions mice, rats, and birds used in
  • 7. 1976 Horse Protection Act - wild horses,
    mustangs can not be slaughtered

Animal Research
  • Animal testing or animal research refers to the
    use of animals in experiments.
  • 17-23 million animals are used in the United
    States for research every year. About 95 are
    rats and mice specifically bred for research
  • Over 10 times more animals are used by humans for
    other purposes (agriculture, food, hunting, pest
    control) than are used in animal testing
  • 1 million animals a day are hit by vehicles.

Animal Research
  • In 2000, about 45 billion was spent in the
    United States for biomedical research.
  • By comparison, Americans spent 1.5 billion on
    health care in the year 2000.
  • In other words, for every spent on health care,
    three and a half cents were spent on research.
  • Scientists are pleased that the small investment
    in animal research yields improved treatments and
    cures that save money. But far more rewarding is
    the knowledge that animal research saves lives.

Animal Research
  • The earliest references to animal testing are
    found in the writings of the Greeks in the second
    and fourth centuries BC.
  • Insulin was first isolated from dogs in 1922,
    and revolutionized the treatment of diabetes

Animal Research
  • "Animal research has played a vital role in
    virtually every major medical advance of the last
  • Foundation for Biomedical Research

Animal Research
  • Most scientists and governments say they agree
    that animal testing should cause as little
    suffering to animals as possible, and that animal
    tests should only be performed where necessary.
  • The Three Rs" are guiding principles for the use
    of animals in research in many countries

Animal Research
  • Reduction refers to methods that enable
    researchers to obtain comparable levels of
    information from fewer animals, or to obtain more
    information from the same number of animals.
  • Replacement refers to the preferred use of
    non-animal methods over animal methods whenever
    it is possible to achieve the same scientific
  • Refinement refers to methods that alleviate or
    minimize potential pain, suffering or distress,
    and enhance animal welfare for the animals still

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Animal Research
  • According to the 2000 USDA Annual Report
  • 63 of animals experienced slight or momentary
    pain, such as an injection.
  • 29 of the research procedures employed
    anesthesia and postoperative painkillers.
  • 7 of the procedures, neither anesthesia nor pain
    medication could be used, as they would have
    interfered with research results. However, when
    this is the case, pain is minimized as much as

Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals
  • Provides guidelines and references for
    establishment and maintenance of effective
    programs and facilities for animal research
  • Widely accepted as the primary reference for
    animal care and use

Responsible Pet Ownership
  • What does it take

  • Being a responsible pet owner is much more than
    just providing adequate water, food and shelter
    for your pet. Domestic pets are completely
    dependent on their owners for their welfare.
  • Owning a pet is a lifetime commitment. If you
    can't make the commitment, don't get the pet.

before adopting consider
  • Getting a pet should never be an impulse
    decision. Careful research and planning are
  • Animals are thinking, feeling creatures. They
    bond deeply with their families, and they deserve
    the same devotion from you.
  • Bringing a pet into your home should be a
    life-long commitment, which can easily be 10-15

before adopting consider
  • Prepare for costs associated with basic and
    emergency veterinary care, quality food, and

before adopting consider
  • Where you get the animal from? Shelter? Breeder?
    Rescue? Pet store? Puppy Mill?

before adopting consider
  • Educate yourself about pet care before you adopt.
    Responsibilities such as feeding and bathing,
    cleaning up feces, and walking are all part of
    caring for your pet.

  • Take some time to understand dog behavior and
    develop realistic expectations. Many books and
    videos are available on the subject.

before adopting consider
  • Don't be guilty of "dog storage" by leaving your
    dog in the back yard 24 hours/day. Exercise your
    dog daily and make him your companion.

before adopting consider
  • Choose a pet that fits your lifestyle!
  • All dogs require daily exercise however, active
    dogs require daily rigorous exercise, such as
    running, or interaction with other dogs. If you
    are not up to the task, choose a dog with a
    calmer, less active temperament.

before adopting consider
  • Consider apartment pet restrictions, space, and
    outside access if you are gone all day.
  • Pay attention to allergies.

before adopting consider
  • Spay or neuter your pets. There are too many
    homeless animals without adding to the problem.

before adopting consider
  • Be aware of weather conditions. Leaving your dog
    in the car on a hot day or in the yard without
    shade or water is risking your dog's life.

before adopting consider
  • Pet Proof - Make sure your home is "pet" safe.
    Pesticides, medications, household cleaners and
    some houseplants can be deadly to your pet. Keep
    them out of reach.

before adopting consider
  • Keep identification tag on your pet... it is your
    pets ticket back home.
  • Both dogs and cats need ID!! Microchipping is
    good too, but an external tag is essential, it
    could mean the difference of your neighbor
    returning your pet to you or turning him into the

before adopting consider
  • Obedience train and socialize your animal.
  • Don't let your pets run loose. Dogs should be
    walked leashes. Any outdoor off leash access
    should be secure in a fenced area. An outdoor
    cats average lifespan is 3 years, an indoor cat's
    average lifespan is 14 years.

before adopting consider
  • Provide your pet the proper diet. Obesity can be
    as deadly as malnutrition. Be aware that some
    foods can be deadly, such as chocolate,
    grapes/raisins and fatty foods can cause
  • Make sure your pet gets proper amount of

  • Be kind to your pet
  • and show it love...
  • remember
  • you are its world.

Pet Overpopulation
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  • Myths Facts

  • 1. My pet will get fat and lazy
  • FACT The truth is that most pets get fat and
    lazy because their owners feed them too much and
    don't give them enough exercise.
  • 2. Its better to have one litter first
  • Medical evidence indicates just the opposite. In
    fact, the evidence shows that females spayed
    before their first heat are typically healthier.
    Many veterinarians now sterilize dogs and cats as
    young as eight weeks of age.

  • 3. My children should experience the miracle of
  • Even if children are able to see a pet give
    birthwhich is unlikely, since it usually occurs
    at night and in seclusionthe lesson they will
    really learn is that animals can be created and
    discarded as it suits adults. Instead, it should
    be explained to children that the real miracle is
    life and that preventing the birth of some pets
    can save the lives of others.

  • 4. But my pet is a purebred
  • Congratulations - So is at least one out of every
    four pets brought to animal shelters around the
    country. There are just too many dogs and
    catsmixed breed and purebred

  • 5. I don't want my male dog or cat to feel like
    less of a male.
  • FACT Pets don't have any concept of sexual
    identity or ego. Neutering will not change a
    pet's basic personality. He doesn't suffer any
    kind of emotional reaction or identity crisis
    when neutered.

  • 6. Its too expensive to have my pet spayed or
  • Owning a pet does require spending
  • The cost of spaying or neutering depends on the
    sex, size, and age of the pet, your
    veterinarian's fees, and a number of other
  • But whatever the actual price, spay or neuter
    surgery is a one-time costa relatively small
    cost when compared to all the benefits.
  • It's a bargain compared to the cost of having a
    litter and ensuring the health of the mother and
    litter two months of pregnancy and another two
    months until the litter is weaned can add up to
    significant veterinary bills and food costs if
    complications develop.
  • Most importantly, it's a very small price to pay
    for the health of your pet and the prevention of
    the births of more unwanted pets.
  • There are reduced fee programs available (SPCA)

  • 7. Ill find good homes for all the puppies or
  • You may find homes for all of your pet's litter.
    But each home you find means one less home for
    the dogs and cats in shelters who need good
  • How do you know that each home will be committed
    to keeping the animal for its entire life A
    Forever Home
  • Also, in less than one year's time, each of your
    pet's offspring may have his or her own litter,
    adding even more animals to the population. The
    problem of pet overpopulation is created and
    perpetuated one litter at a time.

Too many animals, not enough homes
  • Every day 10,000 humans are born and 70,000 cats
    and dogs are born
  • In order to end the homelessness of cats and
    dogs, each man, woman and child would need to
    adopt 7 animals each

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Pet Overpopulation
  • Every year, between 6 and 8 million dogs and cats
    enter U.S. shelters some 4 to 5 million of these
    animals are euthanized because there are not
    enough homes for them.
  • Too many companion animals competing for too few
    good homes is the most obvious consequence of
    uncontrolled breeding

Pet Overpopulation
  • Every day in the United States, thousands upon
    thousands of puppies and kittens are born because
    of the uncontrolled breeding of pets.
  • Add to that number the offspring of stray and
    abandoned companion animals, and the total
    becomes even more staggering.

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Pet Overpopulation
  • Communities are forced to spend millions of
    taxpayer dollars trying to cope with the
    consequences of this surplus of pets. These
    public costs include services such as
    investigating animal cruelty, humanely capturing
    stray animals, sheltering lost and homeless
    animals and the costs associated with euthanizing
    and disposing their bodies.

The Solution
  • Education is an essential part of solving this
    problem. Unless people know the facts about pet
    overpopulation and sterilization, they are
    virtually helpless to do anything about the
  • Reduced spay/neuter fees play an important role
    as well
  • Pet owners can do their part by having their
    companion animals spayed or neutered. This is the
    single most important step you can take.
  • Have your pet sterilized so that he or she does
    not contribute to the pet overpopulation problem,
    and adopt your next pet from an animal

The Solution
  • Only by implementing widespread sterilization
    programs, only by spaying and neutering companion
    animals, and increasing education and awareness
    about spaying and neutering.
  • In seven years, 1 female cat and her offspring
    can theoretically produce 420,000 cats
  • Given these high reproductive rates, carefully
    planned and implemented sterilization programs
    could produce a dramatic reduction in the number
    of unwanted companion animals born.
  • In fact, in those towns and cities that have
    implemented such programs, we've already seen the
    number of companion animals who had to be
    euthanized decline by 30 to 60 percent even in
    those communities where human populations have
    been steadily increasing.

Benefits of Spaying Neutering
  • Healthier pets!!! reducing or eliminating the
    risk of mammary gland tumors, ovarian and/or
    uterine cancer, prostate disease, and testicular
  • Reduce the number of unwanted cats and dogs
  • Increase the desire for the pet to stay at home
    and not roam
  • Reduce aggressive and territorial behavior
  • Increase your bonding time by eliminating the
    mating behavior crying and howling incessantly,
    spraying, attempting to run out the door

Other issues
Breed Specific LegislationBreed Bans
  • Regulation of your right to own or, in many
    cases, not own a dog based solely on the breed or
    "type of dog, not your responsibility as an
  • Target all dogs of a certain breed/type. Guilty
    AND Innocent.
  • The American Veterinary Medical Association
    opposes breed-specific legislation

Breed Specific Legislation
  • Dog problems are generally problems with owner
    responsibility and are not limited to breeds.
    When breeds are singled out as dangerous or
    vicious, responsibility is removed from the dog
    owner which is where it belongs. Irresponsible
    people are also less likely to follow the law -
    and as a result, everyone has to suffer

Breed Specific Legislation
  • Communities that have instituted such bans often
    find that the irresponsible owners and the
    criminals who use dogs for illegal purposes
    simply switch to another breed.
  • Often dogs are mislabeled and destroyed based on
    paranoia and prejudice and also punishes those
    that are good canine citizens

  • Stronger enforcement of existing dangerous dog
  • If they are not already in place - lobby for
    protection from untrained and unsupervised dogs
    of any breed or mix.
  • This is a broad-based effort that protects all
    citizens as any dog can bite and be a nuisance
    when owned by an irresponsible owner.
  • Those who would deliberately train a dog to act
    aggressively towards people or other animals, or
    to use dogs in the commission of a felony or
    misdemeanor should face additional penalties.

  • Encourage local animal rescue and welfare
    agencies to provide responsible dog ownership
    seminars and canine safety education.
  • Protect the rights of all citizens with nuisance
    ordinances such as anti-barking, pooper scooper
    regulations and leash laws.

Vegetarian vs. Vegan
  • Vegetarianism is the practice of not consuming
    the flesh of any animal
  • Veganism excludes all animal products from diet
    and in some definitions from attire also, whether
    or not the production of clothing or items has
    involved the actual death of an animal (dairy,
    eggs, honey, wool, silk, down feathers, etc.)

variety of different practices of vegetarianism
Foods in the main vegetarian diets
Current issues 1. Do animals have rights? 2.
Should animals be used for food? 3. Should
animals be used for experimentation? 4. Should
hunting and trapping of animals be allowed? 5.
Should animals be used in a classroom? 6. Should
animals be kept as pets?
  • Pick one of the questions/current issues and
    write a 1 page explanation of your opinion.
    Provide examples to back up your beliefs.
  • Written in your own words.