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War Crimes Research

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Title: War Crimes Research


1
War Crimes Research
  • The Judge Ben C. Green Law Library
  • Fall 2009

2
War Crimes Portal
  • http//www.law.case.edu/war-crimes-research-portal
    /
  • See an example of a completed Memo.
  • See if anyone has written on your topic in
    another context (e.g. for a different Tribunal).
  • For comparative law questions, see the range of
    countries covered.
  • For international law questions, get a feeling
    for relevant treaties that you may need.

3
Portal Caveats
  • Give attribution if you use another Memo.
  • Dont plagiarize.
  • Dont plagiarize.
  • Dont plagiarize.

4
Foreign Law
  • World Legal Systems (Ottawa U.)
  • http//www.droitcivil.uottawa.ca/world-legal-syste
    ms/eng-monde.html
  • Links to Foreign Govt Publications
    (Northwestern)
  • http//www.library.northwestern.edu/govpub/resourc
    e/internat/foreign.html
  • may link to a countrys legislature or courts
  • GlobaLex (NYU Law)
  • http//www.nyulawglobal.org/globalex/
  • LLRX
  • http//www.llrx.com/comparative_and_foreign_law.ht
    ml

5
Foreign Law Starting Points
  • Foreign Law Current Sources of Codes and
    Jurisdictions
  • Law Reference K 38.R49 1989-
  • finding tool that identifies where (in the
    vernacular) a countrys criminal law is published
    whether it is translated in an accessible
    language

6
Foreign Law (contd.)
  • International Encyclopaedia of Laws Criminal
    Law
  • Law Reference K 48.I5846 1993-
  • Scholarly summaries of criminal law for 20
    countries (currency varies)
  • Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Denmark,
    Greece, India, Kenya, Morocco, The Netherlands,
    Portugal, Singapore, South Africa, Turkey,
    Uganda, U.K., Yugoslavia, Zimbabwe

7
Iraqi Criminal Law (Old New)
  • Grotian Moment Blog
  • http//www.law.case.edu/saddamtrial/

8
Secondary Sources
  • Foreign international legal sources often lacks
    traditional U.S. finding tools.
  • Books (Treatises)
  • Finding tools online catalogs, BIP, WorldCat
  • Matthew Bender via Lexis
  • Some West looseleaf services via Westlaw
  • Scholarly Articles
  • Finding tools indexes (citations, hybrids, …)
  • Full-Text sources

9
Online Catalogs
  • EuclidPLUS (Case libraries)
  • OhioLINK (Ohio academic libraries)
  • Patron-initiated ordering
  • 2-5 day delivery by courier
  • Four renewals allowed (if no holds on books)
  • Overdue fines cannot be waived
  • WorldCat
  • RLG Union Catalog

10
Foreign Law Treatises (Books)
  • search online catalog (http//catalog.case.edu or
    http//olc1.ohiolink.edu/search/) for LC subject
    heading and the name of the country
  • law Bulgaria ( hope for chapter on criminal law)
  • criminal law France (limited to English results)
  • evidence Australia

11
Foreign Law Treatises (contd.)
  • If LC subject heading is unknown, start with
    keyword search.
  • When relevant title is found, click on the
    subject headings to find additional books on the
    subject.

12
Sample EuclidPLUS record
  • CALL        KTJ379.5 .T47 1999.
  • AUTHOR       Thompson, Bankole
  • TITLE        The criminal law of Sierra
  • IMPRINT      Lanham, Md. University Press of
    America, c1999.
  • DESCRIPT'N   xxii, 339 p. 24 cm.
  • NOTE         Includes bibliographical references
    (p. 307-310) and indexes
  • SUBJECT      Criminal law -- Sierra Leone.
  • OCLC        40119778.
  • ISN/STD     0761812989 (cloth alk. paper)

13
Sample EuclidPLUS record
  •     Limited to LANGUAGE "English"
  • Author Bambale, Yahaya Yunusa
  • Title Crimes and punishments under Islamic law.
    Malthouse Press Limited, 2003 (2nd ed., 119
    pages)
  • Cleveland State Law Stacks Base Level KBP3791
    .B36 2003 AVAILABLE
  • CWRU Law Library Stacks KBP3791.B36 2003
    AVAILABLE
  • Ch. 1 The concept of crime
  • Ch. 2 Features of Islamic criminal liability
  • Ch. 3 Defences to Islamic criminal liability
  • Note Includes bibliographical references (p.
    114-115) and index.
  • Subject Criminal law (Islamic law)

14
Foreign Criminal Law Treatises
  • Canadian Criminal Law, a treatise (4th ed.)
  • KE8809 .S78 2001
  • The 1997 Criminal Code--PRC (China)
  • KNQ3794.31997.A6L6 1998
  • French Criminal Law
  • KJV7979 .E435 2001

15
Foreign Criminal Law Treatises
  • German Penal Code
  • KK7975.51871 .A52 2002
  • India Penal Code
  • KNS3800.J4238 1987
  • Dutch Penal Code (Netherlands)
  • KKM3794 .31881 .A52 1997
  • Criminal Law of Scotland (3d ed.)
  • KDC913 .G67 2000 v.1 (v. 2 on order)

16
Foreign Law -- Constitutions
  • Constitutions of the Countries of the World
  • Law Stacks K 3157.A2B58 1971-
  • Constitution Finder
  • http//confinder.richmond.edu/

17
Foreign Law Updating
  • Global Legal Information Network
  • http//www.glin.gov/
  • Hit or miss
  • Martindale-Hubbell Law International Law Digest
  • Reserve KF 190.M32/Lexis
  • current law surveys for approx. 60 countries
  • last resort
  • Eurocentric

18
Index to Foreign Legal Periodicals
  • OhioLINK research database
  • http//www.ohiolink.edu/resources/dblist.php?byal
    phasearchi-k
  • Only provides citations Get article from other
    online/print sources
  • Articles may not be in English
  • Interlibrary Loan for articles not available on
    campus or online
  • http//www.law.case.edu/tech_library/
  • ILL may take several weeks and/or may be
    unsuccessful

19
International Law
  • What is International Law?
  • Article 38 ICJ Statute
  • . a. international conventions, whether general
    or particular, establishing rules expressly
    recognized by the contesting states
  • b. international custom, as evidence of a general
    practice accepted as law
  • c. the general principles of law recognized by
    civilized nations
  • d. subject to the provisions of Article 59,
    judicial decisions and the teachings of the most
    highly qualified publicists of the various
    nations, as subsidiary means for the
    determination of rules of law.

20
Public International Law
  • Laws of International Organizations (UN, EU,
    International Tribunals, Economic Development)
  • Laws of International Relations (treaties,
    national security, state-state relations.
  • Laws of the Commons (law of the sea, space, air,
    environment).
  • Laws of Human Rights (covenants, accords,
    conventions).
  • Laws Concerning Individuals (immigration,
    naturalization, labor laws, extradition).

21
ConventionsTreaties
  • Traditional Sources
  • U.N.T.S. (multilaterals cite if possible)
  • UST/T.I.A.S. (if U.S. is a party)
  • Internet Sources for Research
  • http//www1.umn.edu/humanrts/
  • http//www.icrc.org/ihl.nsf/TOPICS?OpenView
    (International Red Cross)
  • http//fletcher.tufts.edu/multilaterals.html
  • travaux preparatoires

22
International Case Law
  • All tribunals have their own websites by which
    they distribute documents
  • http//www.un.org/icty
  • http//ww.un.org/ictr
  • http//www.sc-sl.org/
  • http//www.eccc.gov.kh/
  • http//www.icc-cpi.int/
  • Westlaw also has ICJ, ICTY ICTR

23
Humanitarian Law
  • http//www.icrc.org/Web/Eng/siteeng0.nsf/htmlall/s
    ection_ihl_treaties_and_customary_law?OpenDocument
  • International Red Cross
  • Pictet

24
International Law Research
  • International legal topics and humanitarian law
    topics would be included in the two major
    traditional U.S. legal periodical indexes, online
    catalogs, EJC, other indexes, and full-text
    sources
  • Index to Legal Periodicals (and Books)
  • Legal Resources Index/LegalTrac/CLI
  • available via either Lexis or Westlaw

25
U.N.
  • http//ww.un.org (official site)
  • http//documents.un.org (online docs)
  • http//www.un.org/Depts/dhl/ (UN library)
  • U.N. library depository program

26
OhioLINK
  • To find account number
  • http//library.case.edu/loc/caseacct/
  • To set up PIN number (for off-campus access
    self-renewal)
  • https//catalog.case.edu/patroninfoS0/
  • Overdue fines cannot be waived, but four renewals
    are allowed if no holds are placed on the books.

27
OhioLINK Quick and Easy
  • Electronic Journal Center
  • many abstract most articles are full-text
  • Academic Index
  • some full-text sources some citations
  • PAIS (good to find authoritative web sites)
  • ILP, if not via Lexis or Westlaw
  • QuickSearch (very unique names/terms)
  • Find It (search for full-text)
  • http//scholar.google.com/

28
Indexes (Legal)
  • http//www.cwru.edu/uclibraries.html
  • Index to Legal Periodicals (Lexis/WestlawILP)
  • LegalTrac (Westlaw LRI)
  • IFLP LJI (foreign European)
  • Public Affairs International
  • Public International Law (RAVE)
  • CILP
  • SSRN

29
Indexes (Other)
  • OhioLINK v. Case databases
  • Off-campus OhioLINK access with PIN
  • Limiting options (full-text scholarly articles,
    etc.)
  • Selected Titles
  • Academic Source Premier Expanded Academic
  • Social Science Index, etc.
  • EthnicWatch and GenderWatch
  • http//books.google.com/
  • Find relevant books order via OhioLINK/ILL.

30
Indexes (Commercial)
  • http//www.ingentaconnect.com/
  • O.K. to search for cites, if desperate.
  • Check CWRU Law resources for availability and or
    order via ILL (if not on campus/OhioLINK) instead
    of paying for the articles.

31
Full-Text Sources
  • Lexis LAWREVALLREV
  • Westlaw JLR TP-ALL
  • Field searching/ Boolean/Natural Language
  • BNA resources (via Intranet OR Lexis)
  • Hein Online
  • OhioLINKs Electronic Journal Center
  • JSTOR, Project Muse, etc.

32
Lexis
  • http//web.lexis.com/xchange/practiceareas/

33
Westlaw
  • Key Search
  • By topic
  • Results Plus
  • Retrieves secondary sources for search run in a
    primary (statute/case) law database

34
OhioLINKs EJC sample
  • The Law and Practice of International Courts and
    Tribunals
  • Volume 4, Issue 2, July 1, 2005
  • The Role of Presumptions in International
    Tribunals
  • Franck, Thomas Prows, Peter pp. 197-245
  • Article Description 
  • The Burgh House Principles on the Independence of
    the International Judiciary
  • Sands, Philippe McLachlan, Campbell Mackenzie,
    Ruth pp. 247-260
  • Article Description 
  • The Potential for Arbitration of Cultural
    Property Disputes Recent Developments at the
    Permanent Court of Arbitration
  • Daly, Brooks pp. 261-280
  • Article Description 
  • The Price of International Justice
  • Romano, Cesare pp. 281-328
  • Article Description 
  • Procedural Developments at the International
    Court of Justice
  • Müller, Daniel pp. 329-354
  • Article Description 
  • The International Criminal Court
  • Ciampi, Annalisa pp. 355-369

35
EJC sample (contd.)
  • European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and
    Criminal Justice
  • Volume 13, Issue 3, August 1, 2005
  • The Decline of the Nationality Exception in
    European Extradition?
  • Deen-Racsmány, Zsuzsanna Blekxtoon, Judge Rob
    pp. 317-364
  • Article Description 
  • Criminal Jurisdiction Over Transnational Speech
    Offenses
  • Decroos, Matthieu pp. 365-400
  • Article Description 
  • Contempt in the Face of the Court and the Right
    to a Fair Trial
  • Emilianides, Achilles pp. 401-412
  • Article Description 
  • The Roles of International Police Cooperation
    Organizations
  • Gerspacher, Nadia pp. 413-434
  • Article Description 
  • Developing Policies for Cybercrime
  • Moitra, Soumyo pp. 435-464
  • Article Description 
  • New Criminological Literature in Europe
  • Wynhoff, Elisabeth pp. 465-482

36
EJC sample (contd.)
  • International Criminal Law Review
  • Volume 5, Issue 2, June 1, 2005
  • The Development of the Concept of Joint Criminal
    Enterprise at the International Criminal Tribunal
    for the Former Yugoslavia
  • Haan, Verena pp. 167-202
  • Article Description 
  • Mens rea Mistake of Law Mistake of Fact in
    German Criminal Law A Survey for International
    Criminal Tribunals
  • Elewabadar, Mohamed pp. 203-246
  • Article Description 
  • Egypt and Current Efforts to Criminalize
    International Crimes
  • El Zeidy, Mohamed pp. 247-266
  • Article Description 
  • Amnesties and the Rome Statute of the
    International Criminal Court
  • Gropengießer, Helmut Meißner, Jörg pp. 267-300
  • Article Description 
  • Book Review
  • pp. 301-309
  • Article Description 
  • Erratum
  • pp. 310-310

37
Legislation and Leg. History
  • http//thomas.loc.gov
  • Westlaw legislative history links
  • OhioLINK Lexis Congressional Universe
  • USCCAN (1945-)
  • Case Law research guide
  • Ohio Legislative Service Commission
  • http//www.lsc.state.oh.us/
  • Ohio Capitol Connect

38
Getting Help
  • Reference Desk 216-368-5206 (walk-in)
  • M-TH 900 AM- 600 PM
  • F 900 AM- 500 PM
  • E-mail axd10_at_case.edu (368-2842)
  • Sign up for research consultation (PERC)
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