MORE HERMENEUTICAL ISSUES IN OLD TESTAMENT PROPHECY - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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MORE HERMENEUTICAL ISSUES IN OLD TESTAMENT PROPHECY

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... ISSUES IN OLD TESTAMENT PROPHECY. HOW DID THE OLD TESTAMENT PROPHETS PREDICT JESUS? ... Read Introduction to the Old Testament Prophets: Chap 29, 25 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: MORE HERMENEUTICAL ISSUES IN OLD TESTAMENT PROPHECY


1
MORE HERMENEUTICAL ISSUES IN OLD TESTAMENT
PROPHECY
2
HOW DID THE OLD TESTAMENT PROPHETS PREDICT JESUS?
3
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The Meaning of Fulfillment
  • Different from our use of the term
  • Application of a passage - Midrash
  • Multiple fulfillments

5
Categories of Fulfillment
  • Non-Predictions (Hosea 111)
  • Predictions Completed (Isaiah 714)
  • Predictions Incomplete (Jeremiah 3115)
  • Predictions Uninitiated (Isaiah 91-2 Zechariah
    99)

6
Assyrian Invasion
In earlier times He treated the land of Zebulun
and the land of Naphtali with contempt, But later
on He shall make it glorious, by the way of the
sea, on the other side of Jordan, Galilee of
the Gentiles. The people who walk
in darkness Will see a great light Those who
live in a dark land, The light will shine on them.
Ministry of Jesus in
Galilee
? Jerusalem
7
Zechariah 99
  • Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout in
    triumph, O daughter of Jerusalem!
  • Behold, your king is coming to you He is just
    and endowed with salvation,
  • Humble, and mounted on a donkey,
  • Even on a colt, the foal of a donkey.

8
Messiahs Second Coming ?
Messiahs First Coming ?
Babylonian Exile ?
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Types of Fulfillments
  • Literal
  • Figurative
  • Spiritual

11
Literal Fulfillments
  • Ezekiel 261-14 and the fall of Tyre
  • Zechariah 99 where the Messiah rides into
    Jerusalem on a donkey
  • Psalm 2218 where the soldiers cast lots for the
    garments of Jesus

12
Figurative fulfillments
  • John 219. "Destroy this temple and in three
    days I will raise it up.
  • Psalm 11822. The stone which the builders
    rejected
  • Isaiah 2222. Key of the House of David
  • Zechariah 137. Strike the shepherd

13
Spiritual Fulfillments
  • Isaiah 22-3 speaks of the mountain of the house
    of the Lord
  • Amos 911-12 tells how God will raise up the
    fallen booth of David, and wall up its breaches
    and raise up its ruins, and rebuild it as in the
    days of old

14
The Purpose of Prophecy
  • To affect the conduct of those who hear the
    prophecy
  • To build faith
  • To encourage believers who are in the midst of a
    difficult situation

15
KEYS TO UNLOCKING PROPHECY
  • The New Testament is Necessary to Interpreting
    the Old Testament
  • The Old Testament is Necessary to Interpreting
    the New Testament
  • The Bible is to Interpret our Current Events, not
    the Reverse
  • The Symbolic Nature of Dreams and Visions

16
ARE WE LIVING IN THE LAST DAYS?
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The Latter Days According to Moses
23
Judgment for Unfaithfulness
Blessings for Faithfulness
  • Fertility
  • Military Victory
  • Famine
  • Military Defeat

Repentance
24
The Latter Days according to Moses
25
The Latter Days in the Early Prophets
  • Unfaithfulness will lead to Deportation and
    Exile
  • Repentance will lead to Return and Restoration
  • The Last Days will be that time of Eventual
    Blessing

26
The Latter Days in the Early Prophets
27
Amos 911-12
28
Additional patterns seen in the Early Prophets
  • The King
  • The Temple
  • The Gentiles

29
The King
EXILE RESTORATION
  • Davids Descendants taken into exile
  • Isaiah 396-7. All that is in your house
    shall be carried to Babylon
  • A Glorious Throne will be established
  • Jeremiah 317. They shall call Jerusalem, The
    throne of the Lord

30
The Temple
EXILE RESTORATION
  • Temple to be Destroyed
  • Micah 312. Zion will be plowed as a field.
    Jerusalem will become a heap of ruins
  • A Glorious Temple will be established
  • Isaiah 22. The mountain of the house of the
    Lord will be established...

31
The Gentiles
EXILE RESTORATION
  • Gentiles Victorious over Israel
  • Gentiles punished for plundering Israel

32
Isaiah 22
33
Isaiah 23
34
Isaiah 24
35
The Latter Days in the Later Prophets
  • Jeremiah taught that the Captivity would be 70
    years in duration (Jeremiah 2910)
  • After the Captivity there would be a return in
    the Latter Days (Daniel 228)
  • Daniel and the Prophecy of Jeremiah (Daniel 9)

36
Daniel 913
  • "As it is written in the law of Moses, all this
    calamity has come on us yet we have not sought
    the favor of the LORD our God by turning from our
    iniquity and giving attention to Thy truth.

37
Leviticus 2618
  • If also after these things, you do not obey Me,
    then I will punish you seven times more for your
    sins.

38
Haggai 221-22
  • "Speak to Zerubbabel governor of Judah saying, 'I
    am going to shake the heavens and the earth. 22
    'And I will overthrow the thrones of kingdoms and
    destroy the power of the kingdoms of the nations
    and I will overthrow the chariots and their
    riders, and the horses and their riders will go
    down, everyone by the sword of another.

39
Haggai 223
  • On that day, declares the LORD of hosts, I
    will take you, Zerubbabel, son of Shealtiel, My
    servant, declares the LORD, and I will make you
    like a signet ring, for I have chosen you,
    declares the LORD of hosts.

40
The Latter Days in the New Testament
  • Jesus and the favorable year of the Lord (Luke
    417-19)
  • Peters understanding of the prophet Joel (Acts
    214-21)
  • A Future Promise In the last days difficult
    times will come (2 Timothy 31)

41
New Testament Eschatology
  • Inauguration of the Kingdom
  • Continuation of the Kingdom
  • Culmination of the Kingdom

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46
Eternal State
  • Prophecies of Tribulation and Kingdom fulfilled
    in this age
  • Revelation 20 seen as symbolic of kingdom today
  • Satan bound with reference to his ability to
    deceive the nations

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48
  • Full Preterism Past
  • Partial Preterism

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50
Homework for Next Class
  • Read Jonah and Hosea
  • Read Handbook on the Prophets, Pages 406-416 and
    336-368
  • Read Introduction to the Old Testament Prophets
    Chap 29, 25
  • Do Study Guide 2 of He Gave Us Prophets from
    Pratt Video/Audio
  • No Class next week

51
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