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Program For Wrestling Weight Monitoring Assessors

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Title: Program For Wrestling Weight Monitoring Assessors


1
Program For Wrestling Weight Monitoring Assessors
Michigan High School Athletic Association 1661
Ramblewood Drive East Lansing, MI 48823
2
Primary Michigan Wrestling Weight Monitoring
Personnel
  • Michigan High School Athletic Association
  • Phone (517) 332-5046
  • E-Mail muyl_at_mhsaa.com

3
In-Service Content
  • Introductions and agenda
  • Components of the WWMP
  • Body composition assessment
  • Procedure for Alpha Weigh-In

4
In-Service Content
  • Changes from last year
  • Questions and answers
  • LAB practical assessment of athletes
  • Test and evaluation

5
Reminder
  • Wrestlers will be allowed to compete at their
    approved lowest minimum weight during an appeal
    for a lower weight.
  • Wrestlers will be allowed to begin losing 1.5
    immediately following the Alpha Weigh-In. It
    does not matter if they plan to appeal or not.
  • Established Jan. 15 as the last date for
    hydrostatic appeals.
  • Established a 48-hour wait period for all
    wrestlers that fail the specific gravity test for
    both skin fold hydrostatic assessments and
    appeals.

6
NWCA ONLINE PROGRAM
  • Upon successful completion of this course, the
    MHSAA will send each assessor their user ID and
    password, along with a list of wrestling schools
    and passwords.
  • Only the registered assessor shall input data and
    use their ID and password- DO NOT SHARE YOUR
    PASSWORD WITH ANYONE!
  • Keep a hard copy (worksheets) for your records
    and as a means of backup. Worksheets are
    available at mhsaa.com.

7
  • Go to www.nwcaonline.com
  • This is what the home page looks like…select
    OPTIMAL PERFORMANCE CALCULATOR from the WEIGHT
    MANAGEMENT tab.

8
Next, select LOGIN from the menu options at the
top of the page.
9
This is the area where you LOGIN to the system.
First enter your assessor ID and password, which
is information that was supplied to you by the
MHSAA after successful completion of the
in-service course exam.
10
You now have many options in the menu bar at the
top of the page. As an assessor, you click on
ASSESSORS at the top of the page, found between
the instructions and educational links.
11
Once you click on ASSESSORS, you will have 7
different options. When first assessing a team,
you will click HIGH SCHOOL INITIAL ASSESSMENT to
enter the data into the Web site for the first
time.
12
Select your school from the drop-down list and
enter the SCHOOL PASSWORD from the Master List
that was mailed to you by the MHSAA with your
assessor ID and password.
13
IMPORTANT NOTE At the initial LOGIN enter your
school ID and password which will bring you to
this page.
14
INITIAL ASSESSMENT
  • The following page is form on which all data is
    entered.
  • Enter the Name, Grade and Gender of the wrestler
    at the top of the page.
  • Enter the Alpha Weight and indicate whether or
    not the wrestler passed the specific gravity
    test. If they failed the hydration test, stop
    right there and do not enter any further data-
    the wrestler cannot be reassessed for 48 hours!
  • Then enter all measurements, as you go, by using
    the TAB key to move from field to field. By
    using the TAB key, the program makes the
    calculations automatically!

15
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16
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17
This is an example of a completed form by which
data was entered using the TAB key to move from
field to field.
18
Once Completed…
  • Once you have completed entering a data for a
    wrestler, click SAVE CERT at the bottom of the
    page, and then move on to the next wrestler.

19
When doing an APPEAL for a wrestler, click on the
APPEAL link under the assessor pull down menu.
20
By clicking APPEAL, you will be brought to this
screen of wrestlers who had an initial assessment
done. In entering an APPEAL, first click on the
SELECT link beside wrestlers name who is
appealing from the above menu!
21
Next, enter the data by using the TAB key just as
you did for an initial assessment. Once
completed, click SAVE APPEAL at the bottom of the
page!
22
CRITICAL NOTE When doing either an initial
assessment or appeal, it is NOT NECESSARY to
complete the CERTIFICATION PORTION of the form
where it asks for signatures of the athlete,
athletic administrator, ATC and coach. By
hitting SAVE at the bottom of the screen, you
have made the assessment or appeal official.
There is no need to sign or send any paper to the
MHSAA!!!
23
To view or print the schools Alpha Master
Report, simply click on that link under the
assessor menu pull down bar.
24
This is a copy of the Alpha Master Report that
each schools coach must print off and exchange
with opposing coaches prior to the start of each
competition. Appealed data will appear on the
Alpha Master report, along with appeals that have
been denied because of missed time frames or
unacceptable measurements. Note that this form
does NOT have to be signed or does NOT have to be
mailed to the MHSAA!
25
To view or print an individual wrestlers weight
loss plan, simply click on that link under the
assessor menu pull down bar.
26
Again, no signatures are necessary and this form
is simply for the informational and education
purposes of the school wrestler and coach!
27
For help, assistance or questions, click either
the FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) link, with a
section devoted to Assessor FAQs or…
28
Hit the HELP link, which will put you in contact
directly with the NWCA for technical assistance
or questions. Any questions about the NWCA site
itself or any issues with the entry of data,
contact Pat Tocci at the NWCA.
29
It is important to note then when an assessor
switches entering data of one school to another
school, YOU MUST LOG OFF and then re-log on under
your password and that new schools ID number and
password. It is critical that you log off when
finished entering data, or switching to another
school or link within the Web site!
30
NWCA Protocols
  • See the NWCA Assessor Instructions (available at
    mhsaa.com).
  • Follow all protocols as printed.
  • For questions or technical support dealing
    specifically with the NWCA website or program,
    contact the NWCA.
  • Phone 712-653-8009
  • Fax 712-653-8270
  • Email ptocci_at_nwca.cc

31
Why the Michigan Weight Monitoring Program?
  • Safe participation
  • Healthy athletes
  • Best practices

32
American Medical Association-1972
  • Position on weight loss in wrestling
  • Advising against dehydration to make weight
  • Warning against food restriction

33
American College of Sports Medicine - 1976
  • Position paper on making weight in
  • wrestling
  • Advising against the use of
  • dehydration, sauna, and heat to lose
  • weight

34
Components of the Program
  • Nutrition Education Program
  • Regulations
  • Assessor In-Service

35
Regulation Body Fat Limits
  • Skinfold assessment in hydrated state
  • Minimum of 7 - males
  • Minimum of 12 - females

36
Skinfold Assessor In-Service
Program For Wrestling Weight Monitoring
Assessors
37
Skinfold Assessor In-Service
  • Knowledge of MHSAA WWMP
  • Professional judgement
  • Valid assessment of body composition
  • for wrestlers

38
Assessor Candidate Eligibility
  • Physicians, MD or DO
  • Physicians Assistant
  • Nurse Practitioner
  • RN, LPN
  • Certified Athletic Trainer
  • Physical Therapist
  • Nutritionist
  • Health Educator, Exercise Physiologist

39
Training the Skinfold Instructor (contd)
  • Produce professional skinfold
  • assessors
  • Experience and background check
  • Theory and practical exposure
  • Required registration fee

40
Responsibilities of the Skinfold Assessor
Program For Wrestling Weight Monitoring
Assessors
41
Roles and Responsibilities of the Skinfold
Assessor
  • Providing a service to member schools of the
    MHSAA
  • Model for young athletes
  • Regard for right to privacy
  • Confidentiality of information

42
Responsibilities of the Skinfold Assessor
  • Maintain current registration
  • Contract with school prior to Alpha Weigh-In
  • Fee for service - no more than 5
  • Arrive Early
  • Enter data online using your assessor password
  • Serve as the resident expert

43
Responsibilities of the Skinfold Assessor
(Contd)
  • Lange or Harpenden skinfold calipers
  • Assess and record each of the 3 measurements to
    the nearest .5 mm, for each site
  • 3mm difference will be returned
  • Record skinfold measurements for data entry

44
Responsibilities of the Skinfold Assessor
(contd)
  • Check all worksheets for accuracy before entering
    data online.
  • If more than one assessor is involved make sure
    each wrestler is being entered online under the
    specific assessors password and login that
    assessed that wrestler.

45
Responsibilities of the Participating School
Program For Wrestling Weight Monitoring
Assessors
46
Responsibilities of the Participating School
  • Contact a registered skinfold assessor
  • Provide adult volunteers for
  • Weigh-In
  • Skinfold measurement recording
  • Specific gravity (health professional)
  • Wrestling coaching staff is excluded from testing
    responsibilities

47
Responsibilities of the Participating School
(contd)
  • Purchase Bayer Multistix 10SG (2161)
  • Supply weight monitoring Data Forms provided
    by the MHSAA
  • Certified scales used for the Alpha Weigh-In
    (Balance scales recorded up to nearest ¼ lb
    digital 1/10 lb)

48
Responsibilities of the Participating School
(contd)
  • Complete data worksheets (except for specific
    gravity and skinfold data)
  • Ensure that wrestlers are on time and prepared
    for assessment

49
Responsibilities of the Participating School
(contd)
  • Prepare wrestlers for Alpha Weigh-In
  • Undergarments/loose shorts T-shirt
  • Collection cups
  • Secure private, controlled area for specific
    gravity assessment


50
Responsibilities of the Participating School
  • FEE guidelines
  • Limit 5 per student
  • Fewer than six (6) wrestlers assessed on single
    date, one site, assessor permitted to charge
    mileage at current IRS rate or 30 service fee

51
Responsibilities of the MHSAA
Program For Wrestling Weight Monitoring
Assessors
52
Responsibilities of the MHSAA
  • Prepare and register skinfold assessors
  • Work with the NWCA in monitoring the website and
    entry of data.
  • Administrate all aspects of the hydro appeal
    process.

53
Responsibilities of the MHSAA (contd)
  • Maintain a file of hydrostatic weighings
  • Maintain a file of Physicians Clearance
  • Due Monday following Dec. 25
  • Field calls from assessors and wrestling coaches
    pertaining to WWMP

54
Conducting the Alpha Weigh-In (The
Stations)
  • Data completion
  • Hydration status specific gravity of urine
  • Weight
  • Skinfold measurement verification
  • Data verification entry

55
Hydration Requirement
  • Athletes must be in a proper state of hydration
    to determine their correct alpha weight
  • Students should not exercise before the Alpha
    Weigh-In
  • Specific gravity assessment of the urine will
    determine whether the wrestler may participate in
    the skinfold measurement process

56
Hydration Requirement (contd)
  • This is simply a pass/fail assessment
  • Specific gravity 1.025g/ml is a failed test
  • Alpha Weigh-In must be conducted before the
    athletes participate in that days practice or
    conditioning
  • No sweaty (and possibly dehydrated) athletes!

57
Specific Gravity Assessment Procedure
  • Product used
  • Bayer Multistix 10S (2161)
  • Elkhart, IN
  • Check expiration date!
  • Store in cool, dry place
  • Other Supplies needed
  • Latex free Gloves, Collection Cups
  • Biohazard bags

58
Make Sure Multistix Include Specific Gravity Band
Make sure Multistix include Specific Gravity
band Band 4
59
Check the expiration date
Check expiration date at top of label Dont use
expired product
60
Specific Gravity Assessment Procedure (contd)
  • It is helpful to cut off squares up to Specific
  • Gravity section (olive green section) to make
  • dipping and reading easier
  • Available from various sources, including
  • Shoreline Medical, Grand Rapids, MI
  • 888.238.1800
  • 616.365.8545

61
Hydratin Specific Gravity Band
HydrationSpecific Gravity Band
62
Simplify the Process Cut the Strip Below Band
Three
Simplify the process Cut the strip between band
four and five
63
Dip Multistix and immediately remove from urine
Dip Multistix and immediately remove from urine
64
Wipe excess urine on rim of container Air dry for
45 seconds Match band color with gravity band on
bottle
Wipe excess urine on rim of container Air dry for
45 seconds Match band color with gravity band on
bottle
65
Compare the Multistix with the specific gravity
band on the bottle
Must Read
Must Read
66
Specific Gravity Assessment Procedure (contd)
  • Instruct athletes to drink 6-10 glasses of
    water daily for 2-3 days prior to this test
  • Also, instruct them to urinate at least 1-2 times
    during the day prior to this test to prevent
    urine from becoming too concentrated

67
Specific Gravity Assessment
  • School Volunteers control the
  • environment
  • Provide collection cup for one
  • athlete at a time
  • Athlete enters a secured area, one at
  • a time
  • Athlete collects a midstream sample
  • holds own specimen during test

68
Specific Gravity Assessment
  • Test Dip Multistix and remove
  • immediately holding horizontally
  • Hold horizontal, wait 45 seconds and then
  • compare to color strip
  • Continue with skinfold assessment if
  • SG
  • Athlete-empty cup in toilet, cup in waste
  • receptacle
  • No weight or skinfolds if SG 1.025

69
Technical Information
Program For Wrestling Weight Monitoring
Assessors
70
Body Composition Prediction Methods
  • Bioelectric Impedance - Analysis (BIA)
  • Skeletal Anthropometric - Widths (SAW)
  • Near Infa-Red (NIR)
  • Computed Tomographs (CT scan)
  • Bod Pod
  • Hydrostatic Weighing (HW)
  • Skinfold Assessment (SF)

71
Body Composition Prediction Methods
  • Comparison of Methods Considerations
  • Cost
  • Availability
  • Time
  • Validity
  • Reliability
  • Why Skinfold Assessment?

72
Body Composition Prediction
  • Skinfold Assessment Terminology
  • Total Body Weight (TBW)
  • Body Density (BD)
  • Lean Body Mass (LBM)
  • Percent Body Fat (BF)

73
Body Composition Prediction
  • Lean Body Mass (LBM)
  • Muscle mass
  • Bone mass
  • Provides for activity
  • Support structure
  • Use and production of blood

74
Body Composition Prediction
  • Body Fat (BF)
  • Essential fat
  • Non-essential fat
  • Insulates
  • Padding for organs

75
Body Composition Prediction
  • Skinfold Assessment Terminology (contd)
  • Fat Weight (FW)
  • Minimum Wrestling Weight (MWW)
  • Optimal Body Weight (OBW)

76
Body Composition Prediction
  • Skinfold Assessment Terminology (contd)
  • Minimum Weight
  • Regression Equation(s)
  • Population Specificity
  • Biological Variability
  • Technical Variability
  • Reliability
  • Validity

77
Skinfold Assessment Standards
  • Standard Instruments
  • Caliper standard
  • Lange or Harpenden
  • Site Location
  • Scale Certification
  • Standard Hydration

78
Skinfold Assessment Standards
  • Lange Calipers

79
Skinfold Assessment Standards
  • Site Selection and Identification
  • Anatomical Position
  • Right Side Assessment
  • Site Identification
  • Triceps
  • Subscapular
  • Abdominal
  • Site Rotation across sites

80
Skinfold Assessment Standards
  • Sites
  • Identify mark sites
  • Palpate site gently
  • Elevate skinfold fat under it
  • Use thumb and index finger of left hand

81
Skinfold Assessment Standards
  • Skinfold Sites (right side rotate across)
  • Triceps vertical, posterior mid-way between the
    AC joint and elbow olecranon process and mid-way
    between the medial and lateral tissue of the
    triceps ()
  • Subscapular diagonal axis one cm below inferior
    angle of scapula (\)
  • Abdominal vertical, anterior 3 cm lateral 1
    cm below the umbilicus ()

82
Skinfold Assessment Standards
  • TRICEPS
  • Vertical
  • Posterior mid-way between AC joint and elbow
    olecranon process
  • Mid-way between medial and lateral tissue of
    triceps

83
Skinfold Assessment Standards
  • TRICEPS

84
Skinfold Assessment Standards
  • SUBSCAPULAR
  • Diagonal fold taken 1cm below the inferior angle
    of the scapula

85
Skinfold Assessment Standards
  • Measure Mark
  • ABDOMINAL
  • 3 cm lateral to naval
  • 1cm inferior
  • Vertical fold

86
Skinfold Assessment Standards
  • Site Determined
  • ABDOMINAL
  • 3 cm lateral to naval
  • 1cm inferior
  • Vertical fold

87
Skinfold Assessment Standards
  • Measurement
  • ABDOMINAL
  • 3 cm lateral to naval
  • 1cm inferior
  • Vertical fold

88
Skinfold Assessment Standards
  • Tricep Site
  • Perpendicular Caliper
  • Orientation to site ()
  • Parallel skinfolds
  • Calipers in right hand

89
Skinfold Assessment Standards
  • Same mechanic
  • Subscapular site

90
Skinfold Assessment Standards
  • Avoid parallax error
  • by looking straight on
  • at the skinfold calipers measurement scale
  • Follow natural cleavage of skinfold

91
Skinfold Assessment Standards
  • Caliper jaws placed midway between body and crest
    of skinfold
  • Caliper perpendicular to skinfold
  • Read caliper between 2-4 seconds after releasing
    thumb pressure from caliper while maintaining
    skinfold grasp

92
Skinfold Assessment Standards
  • Sites (contd)
  • Read measurement from caliper to the nearest
    0.5mm
  • Have assistant record your measurements
  • Rotate to next site
  • Return to same site to obtain subsequent measures
    normally within 0.5mm of previous one BUT less
    than and not equal to 3mm variance

93
Skinfold Assessment Standards
  • Improper Method!
  • Angle of
  • calipers

94
Skinfold Assessor Standards
  • Improper Method!
  • Holding too
  • long to read

95
Skinfold Assessor Standards
  • Improper Method!
  • Vertical
  • measurement
  • Wrong Side of
  • navel
  • Horizontal Fold

96
Skinfold Assessor Standards
  • Improper Method!
  • Insufficient
  • tissue

97
Skinfold Assessor Standards
  • Improper Method!
  • Left hand
  • below calipers

98
Skinfold Assessment Standards
  • Improper Method for subscapular site!
  • Vertical
  • measurement

99
Skinfold Assessment Standards
  • Sites (contd)
  • Differences 3mm will not be accepted by the
    www.nwcaonline.com website
  • Assessors will maintain all original data sheets
    in a secure location for 1 calendar year.

100
Skinfold Assessment Calculations
  • LOHMAN Equation for Body Density
    BD 1.0973 - (sumSFx.000815)(s
    umSF)2x.00000084
  • sumSFTricepsSFSubscapularSFAbdominalSF
  • (each skinfold value is an average of the three
    recorded)
  • carry out calculations to five places past the
    decimal
  • e.g. 1.08787

101
Skinfold Assessment Calculations
  • Brozek Equation for Body Fat from Body Density
  • BF (457 / BD) - (414.2)
  • carry out calculations to two places past the
    decimal
  • e.g. 12.34

102
Skinfold Assessment Calculations-Male
  • Minimum Wrestling Weight _at_ 7
  • MWW (1-(BF/100) x TBW) / (.93)
  • Alternate method
  • Fat Weight (FW) TBW x (BF/100)
  • Lean Body Mass (LBM) TBW - FW
  • MWW LBM / .93

103
Skinfold Assessment Calculations-Female
  • Boileau Equation for Body Fat
  • BF1.35x(sumSF) -0.012x(sumSF)2 - 3.4
  • sumSF Triceps SF Subscapular SF
  • (each skinfold value is an average of the three
    recorded)
  • MWW (females) LBM / .88

104
Skinfold Assessment Calculations
  • Sample Calculation For Male
  • Triceps 4, Subscap 5.2, Abdominal 6.8
  • sum SF 16
  • BD1.0973-(16 x.000815)(16)2 x.00000084
  • BD1.08446
  • BF(457/BD)- 414.2 7.2

105
The Appeal Process Step 1 Reassessment by
Original Assessor Step 1 may be bypassed and
only step 2 performed
  • Reassessment by same assessor
  • Completed within 14 days of Alpha Weigh-In
  • Reassessment data entered online by same assessor!

106
The Appeal Process Step 1 Reassessment by
Original Assessor Step 1 may be bypassed and
only step 2 performed
  • Includes reassessment of hydration

107
The Appeal Process Step 2 Hydrostatic
Weighing Hydrostatic Results are Final and
Binding
  • School files Hydrostatic Weighing
  • Proposal prior to underwater weighing
  • Facilities approved by MHSAA (check web)
    (www.mhsaa.com)

108
The Appeal Process Step 2 Hydrostatic
Weighing Hydrostatic Results are Final and
Binding
  • 14 day appeal period starts on the day
  • following the original Alpha Weigh-In
  • attempt
  • 1.5 weight reduction allowed days 1-14
  • Hydrostatic weighing option ends on Jan. 15!

109
Lets Review
  • Remember
  • Plan Ahead-Call Ahead
  • School provides help
  • Accuracy of Skinfolds
  • Skinfold Assessment
  • Max 5.00 / athlete
  • You will be the expert!

110
  • Michigan High School Athletic Association
  • 1661 Ramblewood Drive
  • East Lansing, MI 48823
  • (517) 332-5046
  • www.mhsaa.com
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