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Choosing and developing a topic ch' 10

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... interested if you are. Choosing an interesting topic ... appeal to my listeners' interests? ... look for one that will interest you as well as your audience ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Choosing and developing a topic ch' 10


1
Choosing and developing a topic ch. 10
2
It is important that you select a topic of
interest to you
  • Researching will be more fun
  • Audience will be interested if you are

3
Choosing an interesting topic
  • When looking for a topic consider
  • Your favorite hobbies
  • Personal experiences
  • Values- what is important to you
  • Interests- what would you like to learn more
    about?

4
Criteria for selecting a topic
  • Is this topic appropriate to the occasion?
  • Will this topic appeal to my listeners
    interests?
  • Is this topic something I can speak about with
    enthusiasm and insight?
  • Will I be able to offer a fresh perspective on
    this topic?

5
When narrowing your topic ask the following
questions
  • 1. What does the audience most likely know about
    this subject?
  • 2. What elements are most important to this
    topic?
  • 3. How much can I competently research and
    report on in the time I am given to speak?

6
Defining the general purpose of your speech
  • What do you hope to accomplish in presenting this
    speech?
  • What topic do you want to speak about and why?
  • How will your audience be affected by your
    speech?

7
Three general purposes for speaking
  • To entertain- providing your audience with
    something pleasurable to listen to
  • To inform- teaching your audience about a topic
  • To persuade- to move your audience to a new
    attitude or behavior

8
  • After defining your general purpose you will need
    to define your specific purpose

9
Specific purpose (more focused than general
purpose)
  • First thing decided before constructing a speech
  • Keeps you focused during construction of your
    speech
  • Tells what outcome you expect after giving your
    speech

10
Specific purpose is expressed in the form of a
purpose statement
  • A Purpose statement is a complete sentence
    describing exactly what you want your speech to
    accomplish

11
Three criteria for a good purpose statement
  • Should be receiver oriented
  • Should be specific
  • Should be realistic

12
Examples of Purpose Statements
  • After listening to my speech, the class will be
    able to list five important things to remember
    when scuba diving for the first time.
    (Informative)
  • After listening to my speech, the class will
    realize the importance of voting, and feel
    encouraged to take part in the next election.
    (Persuasive)

13
The thesis statement
  • Central idea of your speech is
  • Main idea you want your audience to remember
  • Stated in beginning and end of your speech
  • Constructed at the end of creating your speech
  • The thesis is much more focused than your purpose
    statement

14
Lets review
  • Why is it important to choose a topic of interest
    to you?
  • Researching will be more fun
  • Audience interest

15
True or False?
  • When narrowing my topic I should not consider my
    audience.
  • FALSE!!!!

16
What are the three general purposes for speaking?
  • To entertain
  • To inform
  • To persuade

17
  • After defining your general purpose you need to
    define your________________
  • specific purpose

18
In conclusion
  • Topic selection is a very important element in
    creating a successful speech
  • When choosing a topic look for one that will
    interest you as well as your audience

19
  • Beginning and ending your speech

20
Introduction
  • There are four functions of the introduction
  • 1. Capture audience attention
  • 2. Preview main points of your speech
  • 3. Set the mood and tone of the speech
  • 4. Demonstrate why this topic is of
  • importance

21
The conclusion
  • Conclusion has three essential functions
  • To review the thesis
  • To review your main points
  • To provide a memorable final remark

22
When Concluding Remember
  • Do not end abruptly
  • Do not ramble, make it clear when speech is over
  • Do not introduce new points
  • Do not apologize
  • Do end your speech in a strong manner, with a
    powerful concluding statement

23
Supporting material
  • Four functions of supporting material
  • 1. To clarify
  • 2. To make interesting
  • 3. To make memorable
  • 4. To prove

24
Types of supporting material
  • Definitions
  • Examples
  • -hypothetical examples
  • Statistics
  • Analogies/ Comparison-contrast
  • Anecdotes
  • Quotation/ Testimony

25
Styles of Support Narration and Citation
  • Narration- telling a story with your information
  • Citation- a simple statement of the facts

26
Using Visual aids
  • Used in a speech in order to support or help
    illustrate ideas being discussed
  • They may show how things look
  • Show how things relate to one another
  • Show how things work
  • Can be used as evidence

27
Types of visual aids
  • Objects and models
  • Diagrams
  • Words and number charts
  • Pie charts
  • Bar and column charts
  • Line charts

28
Presentation of visual aids
  • May use the whiteboard in order to draw
    illustration, or post up graphics you would like
    class to see
  • May use large flip pads or Poster Board
  • May use handouts
  • Overhead projector

29
Rules for using visual aids
  • Simplicity- keep your visual aids simple
  • - each exhibit should contain no more
  • than seven lines of text
  • 2. Size- should be large enough for entire
    class to see clearly
  • 3. Attractiveness- should be visually
    interesting, neat, and aesthetically pleasing

30
Rules continued
  • Appropriateness- should be appropriate to speech.
  • - should directly relate to speech
  • -should add to speech
  • -should emphasize the point you are
    trying to
  • make
  • Reliability- should have ability to be in control
    of your visual aid at all times.
  • make sure that you are facing the audience
    when presenting your visual aids

31
In Conclusion
  • When constructing your speech remember the
    important elements for the introduction and
    conclusion
  • Remember, only use visual aids in order to
    strengthen your speech

32
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