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Grains of Truth About Fad Diets


Good Health and Weight Loss a Long One. Grains of Truth. About Fad Diets & Obesity ... Weight-loss organization diet. Liquid diet/diet ... weight-loss claims ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Grains of Truth About Fad Diets

Grains of Truth About Fad Diets Obesity
  • Americans Realize Road to Good Health and Weight
    Loss a Long One

Grains of Truth About Fad Diets Obesity
  • The consumers-eye view of …
  • Dieting
  • Obesity
  • Grains
  • Grains of truth about dieting, obesity, and
  • Communicating nutrition truths

The Gallup Survey
  • What Gallup survey of 1,000 primary grocery
  • Where Survey was conducted throughout the
    United States
  • When Participants were questioned fall 2002
  • How Phone interviews of randomly selected
    households were conducted
  • Why To gauge consumer attitudes toward

Dont Believe the Fad Diet Hype
  • 75 of shoppers believe high-protein, low-carb
    diets can be difficult to maintain
  • 70 agree their bodies need carbs for energy and
    eliminating carbs is not healthy

Dont Believe the Fad Diet Hype
  • 56 think high-protein, low-carb diets help you
    lose weight
  • 61 think following a high-protein, low-carb
    diet is a safe way to lose weight
  • 58 think carbs must be eliminated from the body
    to lose weight

Dont Believe the Fad Diet Hype
Percentage of dieters who have tried a
The Obesity Epidemic
  • Percentage of Americans that are overweight or
    obese 64
  • Percentage of Americans that correctly agree
    grain foods are not a cause of obesity 69

The Obesity Epidemic
According to parents of elementary/middle-school
children, who is responsible for teaching
children about nutrition?
Media/community organizations 2
Schools 11
Parents 87
The Obesity Epidemic
How often do parents talk to their kids about
maintaining a healthful weight?
Never 12
Dont know 2
Rarely 14
Often 52
Sometimes 20
Feeling Good About Grains
Consumers correctly agree grain foods can assist
with health-related problems
Feeling Good About Grains
Percentage of consumers who consider the
following foods healthful
Chicken noodle soup Breakfast cereals Peanut
butter jelly sandwiches Freshly baked
bread Crackers Cereal snack bars Muffins
Feeling Good About Grains
Agree enriched grain foods are a good source of
folic acid
Agree folic acid is helpful in reducing the risk
of heart disease
Agree folic acid is helpful in preventing birth
Feeling Good About Grains
Percentage who agree that
Grains of Truth About Dieting
  • High-protein, low-carb diets
  • American Heart Association issued advisory
    warning of potential increased risk of
    cardiovascular disease
  • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
    study showed increased risk for kidney stones,
    bone loss
  • Tufts University recently questioned validity of
    research supporting Atkins diets weight-loss

Sources American Heart Association, October
2001 American Journal of Kidney Disease (40,
2265-74, 2002) Tufts University Health
Nutrition Letter, January 2003
Grains of Truth About Dieting
  • Diets that eliminate enriched grains have dire
  • A study published in the Journal of the American
    Medical Society found grain fortification with
    folic acid could decrease coronary heart disease
  • Neural tube birth defects decreased 23 following
    folic acid fortification of enriched grains,
    according to the Centers for Disease Control and

Sources Journal of the American Medical Society,
Aug. 22, 2001 Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention, August 2002
Grains of Truth About Dieting
  • Glycemic index as a diet method
  • American Diabetes Association says glycemic index
    (GI) has limited value in diabetes prevention or
    in food selection
  • American Dietetic Association notes a healthful
    diet should include a variety of foods, including
    grains, and not be based on a single marker

Grains of Truth About Dieting
  • Healthy, long-term weight loss
  • Factors for successful weight loss reported to
    the National Weight Control Registry include
    eating a low-fat, high-carb diet
  • USDA study found high-carb dieters ate 300 fewer
    calories a day than low-carb dieters and were
    more likely to be in the normal weight range

Sources Obesity Research, 2002 (1078-82) USDA
Agricultural Research Service Journal of the
American College of Nutrition, June 2002
Grains of Truth About Obesity
  • Americans (eating larger portions and exercising
    less) are now 64 overweight/obese
  • One in six American kids are overweight or obese
  • Italy, France (where consumers eat more bread and
    pasta than Americans) boast lower obesity rates
  • Asian diet (high in vegetables and grains)
    linked to lower rates of obesity heart disease,
    diabetes, and certain cancers

Grains of Truth About Grains
Grains of Truth About Grains
  • Fiber
  • Adds bulk to digestion assists with appetite
  • Soluble fiber can help lower blood cholesterol
  • Insoluble fiber can help reduce risk of certain
  • Fiber in grain foods, especially insoluble fiber,
    may protect against diverticular disease
  • Folic acid
  • Helps prevent neural tube birth defects when 400
    micrograms (mcg) are consumed daily before
  • May help reduce risk of heart disease, some
    cancers, childhood leukemia, and Alzheimers

Grains of Truth About Grains
  • Carbohydrates
  • Provide energy for working muscles and the brain
  • May have a positive effect on weight regulation
  • Are protein-sparing and the most efficient source
    of energy
  • Antioxidants/phytoestrogens
  • May help reduce risks of some forms of cancer
  • May help fight menopausal symptoms

Grains of Truth About Grains
  • White bread
  • Enriched flour
  • Good source of iron, B vitamins (thiamin,
    riboflavin, niacin, and folic acid), and nearly 1
    gram of fiber
  • Contains as many antioxidants as many fruits
  • Wheat bread
  • Enriched and whole-wheat flour
  • Contains various amounts of fiber and
  • Whole-wheat bread
  • Whole-wheat flour
  • Provides 2 to 3 grams of fiber per slice
  • Contains numerous phytonutrients

Communicating Nutrition Truths
  • Link nutrition education to health concerns
  • Relate the nutrition message to something they
    already know
  • Encourage adults to assess their own dietary
  • Use active participation and learning, providing
    opportunities for social interaction/support
  • Include food demonstrations, recipes, and
    practical tips
  • Honor cultural backgrounds, local customs, and
    personal preferences
  • Provide take-home materials, posters, and tip
    sheets on healthy eating

Source Contento, et al., (1995) Journal of
Nutrition Education
Communicating Nutrition Truths
  • Divide responsibilities
  • Parents should take responsibility for what,
    when, and where children are offered food
  • Children should take responsibility for how much
    or whether they eat
  • Focus mealtime energies on providing healthy
    foods and creating happy, positive,
    family-oriented eating experiences

Source USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research
Center at Baylor College of Medicine, Consumer
News Nutrition Your Child, Volume 3, 2002
Communicating Nutrition Truths
  • Make snack time a healthy choice stock the
    kitchen with positive options and a variety of
    healthful foods
  • Strike a balance at fast-food restaurants,
    allow children to pick a favorite food, but
    balance it with a healthy food like low-fat milk
    or a salad
  • Lead by example studies show childrens eating
    habits tend to mirror those of their parents

Source USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research
Center at Baylor College of Medicine, Consumer
News Nutrition Your Child, Volume 3, 2002
Need More Nutrition Resources?