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Diet Trends: What Works


Promise rapid weight loss. Do not require much creativity with meal planning ... Does it promote weight loss as well as good health? Does it allow for my ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Diet Trends: What Works

Diet Trends What Works?
  • Autumn Douglas, LDN, RD, CDE
  • Registered Dietitian
  • Julie Hupperich, MS, LDN, RD
  • Associate Director, Student Health Center
  • Wellness Education Department
  • Student Health Center, Suite 2
  • (225) 578-5718
  • www/

Todays Trends
  • What is a fad diet?
  • How many of you are currently following a fad
    diet or know someone who is?
  • How many of you have followed a fad diet at
    some time in your life?
  • Did you lose weight?
  • Did you keep the weight off?

Why Fad Diets are Appealing
  • Promise rapid weight loss
  • Do not require much creativity with meal planning
  • Do not typically require measuring portions
  • Usually involve only minimal label reading
  • Provide a sense of control
  • (the all or nothing syndrome)

Hot Diets of the Day!
  • The Zone
  • Atkins
  • South Beach

Getting in The Zone
  • A low-carb, high-protein, moderate fat balance.
    You steer clear of starchy foods such as bread,
    pasta, rice, and cereal. Your diet basically
    consists of small portions of lean meats, fruits,
    and vegetables. The diet is just slightly lower
    in carbohydrate than recommended.

Dr. Atkins Idea
  • Extremely low-carb, high-fat, high-protein diet.
    The first 2 weeks are very strict You are
    restricted to carbs from a few cups of
    vegetables. The rest of your calories come from
    proteins or fats like eggs, bacon, steak, cream
    cheese, and pork chops. Starches, complex carbs,
    and fruits are banned.

The Atkins Review
  • Attractions
  • Rapid Weight Loss
  • Allows consumption of high-fat meats and animal
  • Caution
  • Lacks vitamins/minerals
  • Lacks Fiber
  • Promotes increases in cholesterol
  • Difficult for long-term use

South Beach Craze
  • Teaches the difference between good carbs and
    bad carbs, and between healthy and unhealthy
    fats. The first 2-week induction phase is
    similar to Atkins but not quite as demanding.
    You cut out refined sugars, starchy vegetables,
    and fruit. You gradually incorporate fruits and
    high-fiber carbs back into your diet.

The South Beach Review
  • Attractions
  • Fairly rapid weight loss
  • Liberal use of lean proteins and good fats
  • Claims to help decrease carb cravings
  • Caution
  • Lacks fiber the first 2 weeks
  • Lacks vitamins/minerals the first 2 weeks

Diet at your Own Risk!
  • Vitamin and mineral deficiencies
  • Weight regain
  • Elevated cholesterol and triglycerides
  • Elevated blood pressure
  • Ketosis

The Effects of Carb Cutting
  • The brain, nervous system, and red blood cells
    rely exclusively on glucose for fuel.
  • Glucose stored in the liver is enough to supply
    the body with energy for 3 6 hours.
  • Protein from the muscle will be taken apart to be
    converted to energy.
  • Protein is shifted from its primary role to
    maintain and build muscles, hormones, enzymes,
    and cells.

But I Can Lose Weight…
  • Weight loss occurs because the body devours
    protein tissue for fuel.
  • Protein contains only half as many calories as
    fat, so it disappears twice as fast.
  • The liver, heart muscle, and lung tissue are also
    being burned as fuel.
  • Loss of lean muscle mass can promote a decrease
    in metabolism.

What is Ketosis Anyway?
  • Eventually, the body converts stored fat in the
    form of usable energy called ketones this
    process is called ketosis.
  • Only half of the brains cells can use ketones
    for energy therefore, the body will continue to
    break down lean muscle to get glucose.
  • Only 5 of stored fat can be converted for fuel.

The Body Defeated
  • Self-blame instead of diet blame
  • Muscle loss due to starvation status
  • Decreased metabolism due to muscle loss
  • Weight regain due to re-hydration

The Weight Loss Truth
  • All fad diets result in weight and fat loss, but
    they vary in healthfulness and how well the
    weight stays off.
  • The amount of weight people lose depends on how
    much they cut calories and increase their
    activity, not on the proportions of fats,
    proteins, and carbohydrates they eat.

Weight Loss Whats YOUR Purpose?
  • Physical appearance
  • Participation in sports and activities
  • Decreased risk of heart disease
  • Decreased risk of cancer
  • Decreased risk of other weight-related conditions
    such as sleep apnea and gallbladder disease

Where do Calories Come From?
  • 1 gram of carbohydrate 4kcals
  • 1 gram of protein
  • 4kcals
  • 1 gram of fat
  • 9kcals
  • 1 gram of alcohol
  • 7kcals

The Low-Carb Calorie Counter
  • 2 eggs, 2 slices of bacon, 1/4c shredded cheese,
    1T butter, 1c regular coffee
  • 1/4c mixed nuts
  • 8oz sirloin, 1c salad, 2T regular salad dressing
  • 6oz chicken breast, 1/4c onions and mushrooms,
    1/2c mozzarella cheese
  • Total 1800kcals

The Healthy Way Calorie Counter
  • 2 whole wheat toasts, 1T lite margarine, 1 egg,
    1c skim milk, 1 banana
  • 1 low-fat granola bar
  • 1c of pasta, 3oz lean ground meat with tomato
    sauce, 2c salad, 2T lite dressing
  • 1 apple, 2t peanut butter
  • 2 slices of thin crust pepperoni pizza
  • 1c low-fat ice cream
  • Total 1800kcals

What Will Work for Me?
  • Is it easy for me to follow?
  • Is it compatible with my familys lifestyle?
  • Is it something that I can stick to for the rest
    of my life?
  • Is it compatible with my health problems?
  • Does it promote weight loss as well as good
  • Does it allow for my favorite foods?

The Right Way
  • About 50 of your diet should come from complex
    carbohydrates limit refined sugars.
  • Choose lean meats such as chicken, turkey, fish,
    and beef and pork with loin or round in the
  • Choose low-calorie, high-fiber vegetables such as
    dark green leafy vegetables.
  • Allow for small amounts of your favorite foods.
  • Avoid skipping meals.

The Take Home Message
Thank You!
  • Wellness Education Department
  • Student Health Center
  • Suite 2
  • (Ground Floor)
  • (225) 578-5718