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INSTITUTE OF AUTOMATION AND TECHNOLOGY

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Title: INSTITUTE OF AUTOMATION AND TECHNOLOGY


1
INSTITUTE OF AUTOMATION AND TECHNOLOGY
WELCOMES
ALL FACULTY / STUDENTS PROFESSIONALS TO A
PRESENTATION ON ISO 9001 2000 CERTIFIED COURSE
ON INDUSTRIAL AUTOMATION PROCESS CONTROL
INSTRUMENTATION
2
COMPANIES WORLDWIDE ARE HUNTING FOR SKILLS IAT
IMPARTS YOU SKILLS TO BE ARMED WITH LATEST
TECHNOLOGY ON INDUSTRIAL AUTOMATION PROCESS
CONTROL INSTRUMENTATION
THERE EXISTS VAST DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ACADEMIC
CURRICULUM WHAT LANGUAGE INDUSTRIES SPEAK IAT
BRIDGES THAT GAP TO MAKE STUDENTS BE UPGRADED
WITH AUTOMATION TECHNOLOGY
THERE IS NO END TO LEARNING THE BEST WAY TO
LEARN IS TO EXPERIENCE PRACTICALLY
SYSTEMATICALLY
3

PRINCIPALS ADDRESS   Dear Student,  
Factory automation increases productivity,
provided you have trained manpower to handle it.
We are conducting courses on various industrial
automation subjects since its opening. The
training center is well equipped with hardware
and software packages of various manufacturers.
The theory classes are well backed up, with hands
on assignments.   We are equipped to conduct
courses command tremendous popularity among
individual engineers as well as corporates.   At
our center where every engineer joins as student
either experienced or fresh, has to go for
extensive training and get familiar with the
latest technology in this field. A dedicated team
of visiting automation experts will be always at
your disposal to share their daily practical
field experiences with course participants.
  So, on completion of this most effective
training program, you will be upgraded and can
serve industries better. As a value added
service, we assist our every student through our
placement assistance cell to get a chance to
appear before interview in various renowned
system houses like ALLEN BRADLEY SIEMENS etc.
as well as other reputed multinationals and large
scale entrepreneurs in and abroad.   For any
additional information regarding course, please
feel free to contact us so that our
representative can share our views and provide
valued advice towards matching of course schedule
and timing with you at any day except Monday and
between 10AM. To 7 PM.     Good Luck
4
There is a tremendous need of skilled manpower
as Automation Engineer in the world today.
5
WHAT IS AUTOMATION?
IT IS THE SCIENCE BY WHICH SPECIFIC OR ENTIRE
OPERATIONS ARE AUTOMATICALLY EXECUTED AT FACTORY
/ PLANT BY PROGRAMING A µP(PLC) WITHOUT HUMAN
LABOUR OR MANUAL ERROR
BENEFITS OF AUTOMATION
1.EASY SYSTEM PARAMETERS CHANGES CAN BE
EFFECTED 2.EASY TRANSPARENT CONTROL OVER
SYSTEMS MACHINERIES 3.EASY QUICK FAULT
IDENTIFICATION 4.VIEW RECORD HISTORICAL TRENDS
FOR ANALYSIS 5.MINIMIZE SKILLED RESPONSIBILITIES
OF MANUAL OPERATIONS 6.LOW OVERHEAD MAINTENANCE
LIABILITIES
6
AUTOMATION PRODUCTS PROVIDES VARIOUS SYSTEM
SOLUTIONS LIKE
  • SYSTEM MANAGEMENT
  • Alarms in hospital management
  • Green house lighting and humidity
  • Building power units
  • Oceanographic pool salinity and temperature
  • Tunnel ventilation etc
  • Machine command
  • Fabrication of floor boards
  • Automatic distributors
  • Automatic assembly of contactors
  • Conformation of ceramic products
  • Metal pipe welding
  • Butter production
  • INSTALLATION CONTROL AND COMMAND
  • Ski Lifts
  • Cranes in harbors ports
  • Water Treatment
  • Pumps in desert region
  • Wind powered electricity generators etc

7
Programmable Logic ControllersPLCs - An Overview
  • PLC (Programmable Logic Controller)
  • A PLC works by looking at its inputs and
    depending on their state, and the user entered
    program, turns on/off outputs.
  • A PLC can be thought of as
  • Industrial Computers with specially designed
    architecture in both their central units (the PLC
    itself) and their interfacing circuitry to field
    devices (input / output connections to the real
    world).

8
History 1/4
  • Early control systems consisted of huge control
    boards consisting of hundreds to thousands of
    electromechanical relays.
  • An Engineer would design the system logic.
  • Electricians would receive a schematic outline of
    logic then implement the logic with relays.
  • The schematic was commonly called Ladder
    Schematic
  • The Ladder displayed all switches, sensors,
    motors, valves, relays etc in the system.
  • Problems Long commissioning time, Mechanical
    Reliance, Any system logic design change required
    the power to the control board to be isolated
    stopping production.

9
History 2/4
  • General Motors was among the first to recognize a
    need to replace the systems wired control board
  • Hydromantic Division of GM specified the design
    criteria for the programmable controller in 1968.
  • Goal Eliminate the high cost associated with
    inflexible, relay controlled systems.

10
History 3/4
  • New Controller Specifications
  • Solid State System
  • Computer Flexibility
  • Operate in Industrial Environment (vibrations,
    heat, dust etc.)
  • Capability of being reprogrammed
  • Easily programmed and maintained by electricians
    and technicians.

11
History 4/4
  • In 1969 Gould Modicon developed the first PLC.
  • Strength Programmed with Ladder Logic
  • Initially called Programmable Controllers PCs
  • Now - PLCs, Programmable Logic Controllers
  • PLCs have evolved from simple on/off control to
    being able to communicate with other control
    systems, provide production reports, schedule
    production, diagnose machine and process faults.

12
Overview of Technology
13
Basic PLC Schema
  • CPU
  • Power Supply
  • Memory
  • Input Blocks
  • Output Blocks
  • Communications
  • Expansion Connections

14
CPU Module
  • The Central Processing Unit (CPU) Module is the
    brain of the PLC.
  • Primary role to read inputs, execute the control
    program, update outputs.
  • The CPU consists of the arithmetic logic unit
    (ALU), timing/control circuitry, accumulator,
    scratch pad memory, program counter, address
    stack and instruction register.
  • A PLC works by continually scanning a program

15
Memory
  • The memory includes pre-programmed ROM memory
    containing the PLCs operating system, driver
    programs and application programs and the RAM
    memory.
  • PLC manufacturer offer various types of retentive
    memory to save user-programs and data while power
    is removed, so that the PLC can resume execution
    of the user-written control program as soon as
    power is restored.

16
Memory contd
  • Many PL'Cs also offer removable memory modules,
    which are plugged into the CPU module.
  • Memory can be classified into two basic
    categories volatile and non-volatile.
  • Volatile memory is that which loses state (the
    stored information) when power is removed.
  • - Nonvolatile memory, on the other hand,
    maintains the information in memory even if the
    power is interrupted.

17
Memory contd
  • Some types of memory used in a PLC include
  • ROM (Read-Only Memory)
  • RAM (Random Access Memory)
  • PROM (Programmable Read-Only Memory)
  • EPROM (Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory)
  • EEPROM (Electronically Erasable Programmable
    Read-Only Memory)
  • FLASH Memory
  • Compact Flash Can store complete program
    information, read write text files

18
I/O Modules
  • Input and output (I/O) modules connect the PLC to
    sensors and actuators.
  • Provide isolation for the low-voltage,
    low-current signals that the PLC uses internally
    from the higher-power electrical circuits
    required by most sensors and actuators.
  • Wide range of I/O modules available including
    digital (logical) I/O modules and analog
    (continuous) I/O modules.

19
Inputs Modules
  • Inputs come from sensors that translate physical
    or chemical phenomena into electrical signals.
  • The simplest form of inputs are digital/discrete
    in AC/DC.
  • In smaller PL'Cs the inputs are normally built in
    and are specified when purchasing the PLC.
  • For larger PL'Cs the inputs are purchased as
    modules, or cards, with 8,16, 32, 64, 96 inputs
    of the same type on each card.

20
Inputs Modules
  • The list below shows typical ranges for input
    voltages.
  • 5 Vdc
  • 12 Vdc
  • 24 Vdc
  • 48 Vdc
  • 12 Vac
  • 24 Vac
  • 120 Vac
  • 240 Vac

21
Example of Input Card
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28
PLC BASED CONTROL PANELS
29
VARIOUS APPLICATIONS OF INDUSTRIAL AUTOMATION
30
Examples in Automation Technology
31
Industry / Service segmentation
System sales
DCS core business
Marine Technology
Metal
Water
Oil Gas
Energy
Pulp paper
Entertainment
Chemical
Automotive
Food Beverage
Manufacturing Industry
Process Industry
Building
Machine builder Panel builder
PLC core business
(Instrumentation)
Component sales
32
A DISTRIBUTED CONTROL SYSTEM WITH PLC
X-terminal
Plant Network
Advant Operator Workplace
Advant Information Management
Advant Engineering Workplace
Advant Information Management
Control Network
Advant Controller 410
Advant Controller 450
Advant Fieldbus 100
Advant Controller 110
Advant Controller 70
S800 I/O
Advant Controller 160
RCOM
Advant Controller 55
33
What is SCADA?
An industrial measurement and control system
consisting of a central host (MTU) and one or
more field data gathering and control units or
remotes (RTU) and a collection of software used
to monitor and control remotely located field
data elements.
MTUMAIN TERMINAL UNIT
RTUREMOTE TERMINAL UNIT
34
Basic functionality of SCADA
  • Supervisory
  • Monitoring a large amount of local controlled
    RTUs, often spread out over a large geographic
    area
  • Event or cyclic collected data processed to
    detect event or alarm conditions
  • Control
  • Automatic control or initiated by operator
  • Functions to restrict control permissions
  • And Data Acquisition
  • Cyclic collection of data to be stored in MTU, to
    be displayed as trend graphs and as reports

35
Applications of SCADA DCS
SCADA
DCS
  • Dairy applications
  • Food and beverages applications
  • Energy production
  • Waste water treatment
  • Pharmaceutical applications
  • District heating
  • Power distribution
  • Water/waste distribution
  • District heating
  • Infrastructure

36
For Network Management
  • SCADA - Supervisory Control And Data
    Acquisitionfor versatile monitoring and control
    of electrical as well as non-electrical networks
  • EMS - Energy Management Systemfor advanced
    operation and planning of Generation systems
    analysis and optimization of HV networks
  • DMS - Distribution Management Systemfor
    efficient operation, analysis and safe work
    practices of MV LV networks

37
Oil GAS Pipeline SCADA
  • APPLICATIONS
  • Leak detection size location
  • Batch/product tracking
  • Gas composition/quality tracking
  • Scraper/Pig tracking
  • Predictive/look-ahead modeling
  • Training simulation
  • Order handling
  • PROJECT SCOPE
  • SCADA system with applications
  • Telecommunication systems
  • Instrumentation - Valves, meters, etc.
  • UPS systems

38
Typical SCADA Applications
Small applications
Large applications
  • Multiple server applications
  • Extended functionality
  • Stand alone applications
  • Reduced or full functionality
  • Water applications
  • District Heating
  • Pharma applications
  • Building Automation

39
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40
Energy Savings with Variable Speed Drives
Motor Stepper
41
ENERGY SAVINGS
AC ADJUSTABLE FREQUENCY DRIVES
FOR VARIABLE TORQUE
FAN AND PUMP APPLICATIONS
42
WHAT IS CONSTANT TORQUE?
43
CONSTANT TORQUE APPLICATIONS
Conveyors

Cranes

Extruders

Hoists

Mixers

Positive displacement pumps
44
Chilled water pumps

Pressure boosting pumps

Cooling tower pumps

Wastewater pumps

Pipeline pumps

Chiller pumps
45
INDUSTRIAL AUTOMATION PROCESS CONTROL IS
A SILENT REVOLUTION WHICH IS A CROSS
FERTILISATION OF MANY ENGINEERING
DISCIPLINES IS IMPLEMENTED IN MOST
INDUSTRIES
46
IN THE 60s BRANCHES OF ENGINEERING WERE FEW
MECHANICAL ELECTRICAL CIVIL
47
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48
IN TIMES GONE BY THE COMMON PROFESSIONAL COURSES
WERE
  • ENGINEERING
  • MEDICINE
  • ARTS
  • SCIENCE
  • PHILOSOPHY

49
IN THE 80s THE BRANCHES OF ENGINEERING WERE
SUBDIVIDED INTO
MECHANICAL MARINE ELECTRICAL
ELECTRONICS CIVIL
METALLARGY
CHEMICAL MINING
50
THIS COURSE IS SUITABLE FOR ANY PROFESSIONAL
51
NOW ASK YOURSELF
AS AN ELECTRICAL/ELECTRONICS OR INSTRUMENTATION
ENGINEER, ARE YOU CONFIDENT IN THE JOBS LISTED IN
THE PREVIOUS SLIDE ? IF NO, THEN TAKE UP THE
TRAINING PROVIDED BY IAT TRAINING FACILITY. AS
MODERN INDUSTRY NEEDS MANPOWER WITH SUCH
SKILLNESS.
52
CAREER PROSPECTS
PROJECT ENGINEER PLC PROGRAMMER
AUTOMATION ENGINEER MARKETING ENGINEER
FREELANCE PLC / SCADA EXPERT
53
SOME AUTOMATION PROJECTS AT A GLANCE !
AN AUTOMATIC PUMPSOLENOID VALVE CONTROL WITH
TIMING GAP FREQUENCY OF OPENING/CLOSING AN
AUTOMATIC CONTROL OF LIFT BY USERS AN AUTOMATIC
CONTROL OF PULLEY WITH MUTIPLE FUNCTIONS WITH
TIMING GAP FREQUENCY AN AUTOMATIC WAGON CONTROL
INITIATING OPERATOR CONTROLLED TO/FRO MOVEMENT
AN AUTOMATIC CONTROL OVER CAR PARKING AREA WITH
MAX NOS
54
ABOUT THE COURSES ON INDUSTRIAL AUTOMATION
PROCESS CONTROL INSTRUMENTATIONCONDUCTED BY IAT
  • PLC PROGRAMMING WITH TROUBLESHHOTING
    INSTALLATION
  • SCADA (HMI)
  • AC DRIVES
  • CALIBRATION TECHNIQUES OF VARIOUS FIELD
    INSTRUMENTS WITH PLC
  • APPLICATION OF PNEUMATIC HYDRAULIC IN VARIOUS
    INDUSTRIES
  • ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENT USED DAILY IN INDUSTRY
  • AUTO CAD DESIGNING LAYOUT OF VARIOUS
    ELECTRICAL PANELS
  • COMPLETE SYSTEM ENGINEERING PROJECT MANAGEMENT
  • ON JOB TRAINING FOR SELF ASSESSMENT OF TRAINEE
  • INTERVIEW S ARRANGED FOR ALL COURSE PARTICIPANTS
    WITH LEADING MULTINATIONALS LIKE ALLEN BRADLEY
    SIEMENS ETC.

55
SHORT COURSES ON PLC PROGRAMING -
TROUBLESHOOTING SYSTEM ENGINEERING SUITABLE
FOR INDUSTRY PROFESSIONALS FRESHERS
DURATION OF COURSE 45 DAYS SHORT TERM PRACTICAL
TRAINING COURSE COVERING COURSE ON PLC WITH
COMPLETE EXPOSURE ON PROJECT MANAGEMENT. NO. OF
COURSE MODULES 20 NOS. OF MODULES /
APPLICATIONS PRACTICAL EXPOSURE ON COMPLETE SYST.
ENGG. TRAINING PROCEDURE EACH AND EVERY
PARTICIPANT WILL GET A PRACTICAL EXPERIENCE
INDIVIDUALLY STUDY MATERIALS WILL BE SUPPLIED AS
FRRE OF COST TO EVERY STUDENT IN CD FORM
56
SHORT COURSE ON SCADA APPLICATION
THIS IS AN ADVANCED COURSE MAINLY COMES AFTER
PLC COURSE. COURSE DURATION IS 15 DAYS WITH 6
MODULES / APPLICATIONS Prerequisite for this
course Should possess sound knowledge on plc
programming and trouble shooting measures.
57
SHORT COURSE ON VARIABLE SPEED DRIVES SUITABLE
FOR INDUSTRY PROFESSIONALS FRESHERS
THIS IS ALSO AN ADVANCED COURSE COURSE
DURATION IS 15 DAYS WITH 6 MODULES/
APPLICATIONS PREREQUISITE FOR ADMISSION Should
be well versed about all types of electrical
motors mainly AC MOTORS
58
  • IAT also provides additional service like
  • SPECIAL DISCUSSIONS FOR final year students
    thru interaction sessions on ELEC/
    ELECTR./INSTR.
  • Also covering following topics
  • Confidence building
  • Right attitude development
  • Assertiveness skills
  • Increasing self esteem
  • Group discussions
  • Personal Interviews

59
WHAT ARE YOUR VALUE ADDED BENEFITS OF DOING THIS
COURSE FROM IAT ?
  • INDUSTRIAL INSTRUMENTATION,APPLICATIONS OF
    DIFFERENT TYPES OF ANALOG DIGITAL FIELD
    INSTRUMENTS VIZ.,RTD,THERMOCOUPLE, TEMPERATURE
    CONTROLLER,ETC THEIR SELECTION CRITERIA
  • PLC PROGRAMMING ON DIFFERENT MAKE OF PLCs like
    ALLEN BRADLEY, SIEMENS TO NAME A FEW.
  • PLC ARCHITECTURE CONFIGURATION,I/O,INTERFACE
  • SIMULATION TEST OF DIFFERENT DIGITAL AND ANALOG
    SIGNALS OF PROCESS PARAMETERS PROCESS CONTROL
    INSTRUMENTS
  • SCADA APPLICATIONS ON OI-2000 , RS-VIEW WIN CC
  • VARIABLE SPEED DRIVES ON SIEMENS MICROMASTER
    OTHERS
  • SYSTEM ENGINEERING
  • COMPLETE EXPOSURE ON ELECTRICAL CONTROL PANEL
    DESIGN USING AUTOCAD
  • PLC APPLICATION SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT
    PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES
  • OUR TRAINEEES IMPLEMENT LIVE PROJECTS AT OUR
    LAB
  • FLEXIBLE TIMINGS BETWEEN 10 AM TO 5 PM
  • COURSE CAN BE CRASHED OR EXTENDED FOR INDUSTRIES
    AND THEIR PROFESSIONALS
  • PLACEMENT GUIDENCE AND INTERVIEW ARRANGED
    THROUGH PLACEMENT ASSISTANCE CELL

60
  • Our Quality Objective
  • Achieve Technological up gradation by supplying
    proper service conforming to applicable
    specification / guidelines.
  • To implement new concept in the industry
    oriented practical training for development of
    skilled man power in the automation field.
  • To provide modern laboratory facility with a
    view to create a synchronization of knowledge (
    theoretical practical) and innovative thinking.
  • To have an endeavor for maximum placement
    facility through campus interview .
  • To have an endeavor for education aid for
    economically backward brilliant student.
  • To have an endeavor for creating a congenial
    atmosphere by providing library and canteen
    facility.

61
Institute Of Automation And Technology Our
Quality Policy Top management of Institute Of
automation And Technology is committed to provide
best quality of technical education with
specialization consisting of effective and
application oriented course within a specific
span of time, through qualified experienced
personnel. Motto of this academic institution is
also to create a quality environment through
proper training of the personnel and monitoring
the system at regular interval for best output,
up gradation and continual improvement of its
personnel. Chief executive Officer
62
We have flexible timings are open SIX days a
week. For registration admission contact us at
- IAT , DA 74 , SALT LAKE , KOLKATA-700 064
, PHONE 6526 8949 / 6518 5582 / 4004 3188 FAX
2337 6602 Email ceoiat_at_rediffmail.com /Visit
Our Website www.iat.org.in We are thankful to
you for helping us sail this journey with all of
you and for devoting your valuable time with
patience for this presentation we hope to make
a new association by sharing these new ideas as
described.
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