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AMERICAN AND SCOTTISH GOLF COURSES: ARE THEY THE SAME

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AMERICAN AND SCOTTISH GOLF COURSES: ARE THEY THE SAME? Introduction ... More foot traffic, Golf carts rarely used in the U.K. Hot Spots, on greens. Water Use ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: AMERICAN AND SCOTTISH GOLF COURSES: ARE THEY THE SAME


1
AMERICAN AND SCOTTISH GOLF COURSESARE THEY THE
SAME?
2
Introduction
  • Layout
  • Grass Species
  • Common Problems We Share
  • Maintenance
  • Water Use
  • Pesticides
  • Fertilizers
  • Mowing
  • Other
  • Budget

3
Layout
  • Scotland
  • Open
  • Windy
  • Up and Down

4
Layout
  • America
  • Distinct shot paths
  • Less windy
  • Softer appeal

5
Layout
  • Trees surrounding greens
  • Can anyone name this hole?

6
Grasses
  • Scotland
  • Fine Fescues
  • For the most part all course, in Scotland, use
    fine fescues for their courses.
  • Low maintenance areas
  • Create a fast playing surface
  • Doesnt need a lot of water or fertility
  • The higher maintained the higher the risk of
    disease

7
Grasses
  • America (Northern Region)
  • Many different types which include
  • Kentucky Bluegrass
  • Fairways, Tees, Roughs
  • Creeping Bentgrass
  • Fairways, Tees, and Greens
  • Ryegrass
  • Tees, Rough
  • Fescues
  • Rough, Fairways

8
Grasses
  • America (Southern Regions)
  • Bermudagrass
  • St. Augustinegrass
  • Centipedegrass
  • Zoysiagrass
  • Bahiagrass

9
Oh yea and POA!
10
Common Problems
  • As in the U.S. Poa is a huge problem in the U.K.
  • Causes slow, soft, bumpy, putting surfaces
  • Compaction, Over 70,000 rounds played over The
    Old Course.
  • More foot traffic, Golf carts rarely used in the
    U.K.
  • Hot Spots, on greens

11
Water Use
  • Scotland
  • They keep their courses dry and thirsty.
  • In an attempt to keep the poa down to a minimum!
  • Some areas have restrictions as to how much water
    can be used.


12
Water Use
  • America
  • A little Different approach depending on the
    area.
  • The course I work at has a water treatment
    facility
  • Were able to irrigate any time we want to keep
    our course green
  • Some courses will hand water all week long, and
    only turn the sprinklers on once a week.
  • Biggest difference American golfers like to see
    green, and Scottish golfers are content with what
    they have at the time

13
Comparison
14
Fertility
  • As with water use, being that color, and
    appearance does not seem to be as important in
    Scotland as it is here, their Fertility program
    in much lower than ours.
  • In some instances fairways are only fertilized
    once a year, and only to specified areas.

15
Fertility
  • We like green
  • Greens may get hit every two weeks.
  • Tees once a month.
  • But in almost every case the entire playing
    course gets fertilized at least once in the fall.

16
Pesticides
  • Except for some small problems with moss,
    chemical pesticide usage on golf courses in
    Scotland is none existent.
  • Weather plays a huge factor for them.
  • Windykeeps course dry
  • Low humidity
  • Fair temperatures

17
Pesticides
  • They do however employ a year-round specialist to
    trap and dispose of rabbits at the St. Andrews
    Courses.

18
Pesticides
  • Here in the U.S. it seems we spray whenever we
    want, and sometimes when we dont need to.
  • Some courses are able to spray on a preventative
    basis, so they spray every two weeks.
  • And as Jack McKenzie says Spray it white sleep
    at Night!

19
Pesticides
  • Our weather is the main reason for more spraying
    and worrying.
  • High humidity, combined with a previous rainy
    day, and a very hot day can cause a lot of
    problems
  • Some diseases that may cause concern include.
  • Pythium
  • Dollar Spot
  • Anthracnose

20
Pesticides
  • Depending on the area that you are located there
    can be different wildlife that can cause
    problems.
  • Some for this area include
  • Canada Geese
  • Deer
  • Gophers

21
Mowing
22
Mowing
  • The amount of times each of these areas are mowed
    per week is almost exactly the same. (Based on
    the St. Andrews program)
  • GreensEveryday
  • Tees3 sometimes 4 times a week
  • FairwaysAt least 2, but 3 times a week during a
    heavy growing period.
  • Roughs1-2 times a week as needed

23
Other--Bunkers
  • As we have already discussed in class, Scotland
    is very well know for its pot bunkers.

24
Other--Bunkers
  • U.S. style bunkers are much different.
  • Shallow, free flowing shape, and can be quite
    large.

25
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26
Budget
  • The maintenance costs and budgets are a fraction
    or ours.
  • This again is because of the weather conditions,
    and less man-hours needed to prepare the course.
  • Also, as I stated earlier their critical golfers
    seem to be more stuck on the old ways, and dont
    want to disturb their ancient courses.

27
Budget
  • St. Andrews currently has a crew of 50 Greens
    Keepers split up into 5 groups to take care of
    their six courses. 1 group covers both the Eden
    and Balgove courses.
  • Here in the U.S. It isnt uncommon to have up to
    24 crew members for an 18 hole course.

28
Budget
  • Budgets in the U.S. can reach up to around 1
    million dollars.
  • This of course will include a lot of tree care,
    flower beds, shrubs, etcwhich you dont find
    nearly as much of in Scotland.

29
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30
Conclusion
  • The average golfer could depict a Scottish
    course from an American course based completely
    on layout.
  • What if you took layout and design out of the
    picture, then how do you tell the difference?
    Well I named a few today, and Id like to leave
    you with this.

31
Which Course is in America and Which is in
Scotland?
32
References
  • www.google.com
  • http//www.standrews.org.uk/golf/greenkeeping/inde
    x.html
  • http//www.saint-andrews.co.uk/golf.htm
  • USGA Greens Section July/August 1994
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