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Spiritual Growth in Counseling and Supervision

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Title: Spiritual Growth in Counseling and Supervision


1
Spiritual Growth in Counseling and Supervision
  • Dana Wicker, Ph.D.
  • Lori Moore, Ph.D. Candidate
  • Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, Fort
    Worth, TX

2
Religion versus Spirituality
  • Religion beliefs, values and practices of
    various established religions (Shafranske
    Malony, 1990)
  • Spirituality a relationship of our embodied
    selves to God that has the natural and
    irrepressible effect of making us alive to the
    Kingdom of God (Willard, 1990)
  • While these terms are not interchangeable, they
    are not mutually exclusive.

3
The Christian Counselor
  • A deeply committed, Spirit-guided (and
    Spirit-filled), servant of Jesus Christ
  • who applies his or her God-given abilities,
    skills, training, knowledge, and insight

4
  • To the task of helping others move to a personal
    wholeness, interpersonal competence, mental
    stability and spiritual maturity.
  • (Collins,1993, p. 21)

5
  • The counselor has a deep faith counsels with
    excellence holds a Christian world view is
    guided by Christian values in choosing the means,
    goals, and motivations of counseling actively
    seeks the presence and work of God and actively
    utilizes spiritual interventions and resources
    within ethical guidelines.

  • (Bufford, 1997)

6
  • Clinton and Ohlschlager propose that
    Christian counselors have a Paracentric focus.
    Counselors need to yield to the Paraklete of God,
    the Holy Spirit, and be single-mindedly focused
    on Christ.
  • (Competent Christian Counseling)

7
Christian Counseling
  • Unique Assumptions
  • Unique Goals
  • Unique Methods
  • Unique Counselor Characteristics
  • (Collins, 1988)

8
Supervision
  • An intervention provided by a more senior
    member of a profession to a more junior member or
    members of that same profession. This
    relationship is evaluative, extends over time,
    and has the simultaneous purposes of enhancing
    the professional functioning of the more junior
    person(s), monitoring the quality of professional
    services offered to the client(s) she, he, or
    they see(s), and serving as a gatekeeper of those
    who are to enter the particular profession.
    (Bernard and Goodyear Fundamentals of Clinical
    Supervision, 1998)

9
Christian Supervision
  • An additional purpose for a Christian supervisory
    relationship is to mentor the junior member by
    modeling a spiritual walk and aiding the
    supervisee in his or her spiritual walk and
    growth.

10
Learning Objectives
  • Identify spiritual growth themes relevant to the
    Christian counselor and supervisor.
  • Learn to apply specific exercises of spiritual
    growth themes in counseling and supervision
  • Develop supervisory or counseling strategies to
    balance clinical competency and spiritual growth.

11
SPIRITUAL GROWTH AND COUNSELOR SUPERVISION
12
What is Spiritual Growth?
Spiritual Growth as the Process of Sanctification
Romans 122 Colossians 19-12
I Thessalonians 43-9
13
Sanctification
FUTURE We Will Be Completely Sanctified 1Thess
523 1 John 32
PRESENT We are Being Sanctified Phil
312-14. PROGRESSIVE SANCTIFICATION
PAST We Were Sanctified 1 Cor.
6 11
14
Progressive Sanctification
DEFINED
The concept is not of sin being totally
eradicated or merely counteracted, but of a
divinely wrought character change freeing us from
sinful habits and forming in us Christlike
affections, dispositions, and virtues. J. I.
Packer
15
The Growth Process
Coral Reefs
16
Sanctification
Goal of Sanctification The Model of Christ
The Profile of Christ Galatians 522
Love, Joy, Peace, Patience, Kindness,
Goodness, Faithfulness, Gentleness, and Self
Control
Sanctification Joined by Love 1 Thess. 47-10 I
Cor. 134-10 Patient and Kind
Not jealous, bragging, arrogant, unbecoming
in action, self seeking, provoked, or rejoicing
in unrighteousness
Forgiving Rejoices
with truth Perseveres, Hopes, and
Endures
17
Means of Sanctification
  • Divine Grace
  • The Cross
  • Gods Power
  • Phil 212-13
  • Gods Truth
  • John 1717
  • Holy Spirit
  • Gal 517-22 Rom 82
  • Human Pursuit Phil 312-17
  • Appropriation
  • Pursuing Gods Truth
  • Self-examination
  • Following the model of others
  • Yielding self to God

(Evans Coder, 1998)
18
FACILITATING SPIRITUAL GROWTH
  • Relationship is Crucial to Effective Supervision

19
Characteristics of Christ
  • Loving
  • Joyful
  • Peaceful
  • Patient
  • Kind
  • Good
  • Faithful
  • Gentle
  • Self Controlled
  • Not jealous, bragging, arrogant, unbecoming in
    action, self seeking, provoked, or rejoices in
    unrighteousness
  • Forgiving
  • Rejoices with truth
  • Perseverant, Hopeful, and Endures

20
7 Types of Supervisees
  • Blessing
  • Perfectionist
  • Anxiety Prone
  • Bull in China Cabinet
  • Laissez Faire
  • Under No Authority
  • Eager Beaver

21
Human Divine Shaping
22
Human Divine Shaping
Honed
Stretched
Into the Image of Christ
23
Every Supervisee is Uniquely Created in Gods
Image
  • Spiritual Mapping
  • A Chronological Timeline
  • Symbolizes positive and negative spiritually
    significant events that may impact the
    therapeutic process
  • Narrative Approach

24
Spiritual Mapping Example
Began Dealing with Abuse Issues
Married Children
Dad Died
Closer Walk with God
Saved
Healing
25
Balancing Spiritual Growth Competence
26
Supervision A Paradigm Shift
  • Maintaining a Counselor Versus
    Client Mentality
  • Pitfalls of a client mentality
  • Missing growth opportunities
  • Overwhelming the counselor with instruction
  • Unethical focus on the counselor as a client

27
Bernards Discrimination Model
  • Advantages
  • Addresses Supervisee Uniqueness
  • Shared Supervisory Language
  • Accommodates Theory Spirituality
  • Means of Evaluation
  • Direction Purposeful Supervision

28
Supervisory Focus Roles
  • Foci
  • Conceptualization Skills - underlying processes
    related theory
  • Intervention Skills - what the counselor does in
    session from start to finish
  • Personalization Skills- Personal contributions
    traits, history, beliefs, culture, etc.

29
Supervisory Focus Roles
  • Roles
  • Teacher - Determines and fulfills educational
    needs
  • Counselor - Addresses interpersonal meaning of
    session events or personal issues influencing
    therapeutic process (i.e. anxiety or doubt)
  • Consultant - Shared Responsibility/Resource
    Brainstorming

30
Conceptualization Skills Spiritual Growth
(Adapted from Polanski, 2003)
  • Essential spiritual growth themes
  • Integration of spiritual growth themes, history,
    current functioning
  • Influence of spiritual beliefs on current issues
  • Client spiritual growth, theological
    understanding, counseling theory
  • Ideological consistency
  • Intervention formulation

31
Intervention Skills Spiritual Growth
(Adapted from Polanski, 2003)
  • Spiritual growth assessment
  • Level of engagement
  • Skills employed to establish therapeutic
    relationship
  • Use of self
  • Type and execution of interventions
  • Ethical practices sensitivity

32
Personalization Skills Spiritual Growth
(Adapted from Polanski, 2003)
  • Competency to handle personal reactions
  • Self awareness of spiritual events or beliefs
    that hinder or enhance therapy
  • Self awareness of unique expression of Christs
    character
  • Identification resolution of resistance,
    anxiety, or avoidance
  • Continued personal spiritual growth

33
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34
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35
Practicing the Presence of God
  • being aware of the constant companionship of God,
  • Hebrew lif-nei to the face of, Greek
    en-o-pi-on in the face
  • The abstract concept of presence is conveyed in
    the concrete image of facing another. (Words of
    Worship, iWorship Daily Devotional Bible p119)

36
  • Thus the Lord used to speak to Moses face to
    face, just as a man speaks to his friends.
  • Exodus 3311 NAS

37
Reasons to Practice the Presence of God
  • Reality is God is with us.
  • God is omnipresent 1 Kings 827, Psalm1397-10,
    Isaiah 661, Jeremiah 2323 Acts 748, 1724
  • As Spirit-filled Christians God is with us,
    individually and personally John 1416-17, John
    16-7

38
  • We are always in the presence of God. We never
    leave church. There is never a nonsacred moment.
  • Max Lucado in iWorship Daily Devotional Bible


39
Reasons to Practice the Presence of God
  • Through practicing Gods presence we experience
    Gods wisdom, guidance, power and comfort.
  • Experiencing Gods presence is not just head
    knowledge.
  • Wisdom - John 1426

40
  • Guidance - Romans 814
  • Power - I Corinthians 24, 2
    Corinthians 317, Luke 2449, Act 18
  • Comfort - Acts 931.

41
Reasons to Practice the Presence of God
  • Through practicing Gods presence we more easily
    hear Him during our counseling sessions. By
    practicing Gods presence we are already tuned to
    hearing Him throughout the day not just when we
    counsel.

42
Reasons to Practice the Presence of God
  • Practicing Gods presence is a way of showing God
    our love for Him.
  • Matthew 2237 You shall love the Lord your God
    with all your heart, and with all your soul and
    with all your mind.
  • Believe me count as lost each day you have not
    used in loving God. (Brother Lawrence p. 35)

43
Ways of Practicing Gods Presences
  • Journaling - keeping a record of times when one
    was particularly aware of Gods presence, or
    answering a series of questions designed to aid
    in personal exploration.
  • When was a time that you were particularly aware
    of Gods presence?

44
  • Describe a time when you questioned Gods
    presence or felt that you were alone.
  • What was different between the time that you were
    aware of Gods presence and the time you were not
    aware of this presence.
  • What can you do to be more aware of Gods
    presence?

45
  • Are there times when you do not want to be in
    Gods presence?
  • Describe a time in counseling or ministering that
    you were aware of the Holy Spirits guidance.
  • Describe a time this week that you were aware of
    Gods presence

46
  • Meditating
  • On Gods Word - Psalm 12
  • On Gods Works that you observed - Luke 251
  • Pray without ceasing - 1Thessalonians 517

47
  • We should establish ourselves in a sense of
    Gods presence by continually conversing with
    Him. It is shameful thing to stop conversing with
    God to think of unimportant things and
    foolishness.
  • Brother Lawrence

48
  • For me the time of activity does not differ from
    the time of prayer and in the noise and clatter
    of my kitchen, while several persons are together
    calling for as many different things, I possess
    God in as great tranquility as when upon my knees
    at the blessed Sacrament
  • Brother Lawrence, p16

49
  • Singing or listening to Christian music
    Ephesians 512
  • Spending time in solitude Matthew 41, Mark
    135, Matthew 2638-42
  • To hear the voice of God better
  • To express worship to God
  • To express faith in God
  • To seek the salvation of the Lord
  • To be physically and spiritually restored
  • To regain spiritual perspective
  • To seek the will of God (Whitney,1991)

50
Questions to Ponder
  • Am I religious or spiritual in the supervisory
    process?
  • Have I taken the time to develop a theology of
    spiritual growth?
  • Have I constructed a theory of counseling that
    aligns with my theology?
  • Are there events in my own life that have drawn
    me to God grace or hardened me to sin?

51
  • Am I pursuing the active practice of
    sanctification by both human and divine means?
  • What current events is God using to produce His
    character in me?
  • Am I modeling the image of Christ to those God
    has brought into my life?
  • Am I actively practicing the presence of God?

52
Supervision is a Privilege
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