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Farmers

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Cities Feeding People. ACGA 25th Annual Conference. 1 October, 2004. Structure of Presentation ... Farmer's being threatened to go out of the city. Customary Law ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Farmers


1
Farmers Groups Access to Land for UA in Bamako,
Mali
  • By
  • Andres Velez-Guerra
  • Cities Feeding People
  • ACGA 25th Annual Conference
  • 1 October, 2004

2
Structure of Presentation
  • Background Research objectives, Mali overview,
    UA in Bamako
  • Characteristics of farmers groups
  • Means of access
  • Women, Migrants and Access to Land
  • Governmental Response
  • Conclusions Recommendations

3
Research Objectives
  • Strategies used by farmers organizations to
    access land
  • Municipal policy environment, programmes and
    actions
  • Options to improve land delivery systems

4
Rationale Definitions
  • Customary Law
  • Statutory Law
  • Why Mali?
  • 1st study on farmers orgs in Bamako

5
Republic of Mali (1960)
  • HDI 174 in 2002
  • Pop. 12 m
  • Religion Muslim (90)
  • LanguageFrench (official), Bambara (80)

6
UA and Bamako
  • Population Bamako 1,236,479
  • gt 50 of pop younger than 20 yrs old
  • 14,000 farmers in the city (1995).
  • Around 22 farmers groups

7
Spatial Distribution of Regimes
  • Statutory Law
  • Intra-urban (expanding). Farmers being evicted.
  • Hybrid Land Law
  • Suburbs. Customary and/or Statutory law. Farmers
    being threatened to go out of the city.
  • Customary Law
  • Main land regulatory system in most African
    countries. (Peri-urban and rural more than
    urban).

8
Characteristics of Farmers Orgs.
  • Land issues Evictions (landowners), threats
    (planners), uncertainty, loss of livelihoods
  • Formality land tenure is informal , but farmers
    orgs. are formal.
  • Farmers organization and political involvement
    decreases towards the periphery.

Farming in Downtown. Farmers Group Yiriwaton
9
Characteristics of Farmers Orgs.
  • Security of tenure increases towards periphery.
  • Urban farmers are older, more established in the
    business and better off than farmers in the
    peripheries.
  • Migrants join UA in the suburbs through social
    relations.

10
Characteristics of Farmers Orgs.
  • Groups are helping individual farmers to access
    land (informally and formally).
  • Security of tenure is not a pre-requisite for
    farmers org.
  • Members have access to credit with the group
  • The groups take cases of eviction without
    compensation to court

Cooperative Dyen Te Don.
11
Means of Access
12
Migrants, Women and Access to Land
  • Migrants can join urban farmers groups
  • There are non-residents in the urban
    cooperatives, but none in the peri-urban group
  • Access to land in peri-urban areas is based on
    kinship, this is less so as one approaches the
    downtown area.
  • Womens land rights decrease with distance from
    downtown

13
Governmental Response
  • The Official Plan of Bamako includes UA
  • Planners have a negative perception of UA
  • No programmes to protect farmers from evictions
    or recognize their farming activities
  • The government plans to give 100ha in the
    peripheries to farmers organizations under a
    lease
  • No NGOs-Farmers Org. partnerships

14
Conclusion Recommendations
  • The State to give farmers access to lands for UA
    under land titles or leases
  • Create a legal document called title of
    exploitation
  • Create a federation of farmers orgs.
  • Create a land management plan through a
    participatory process
  • Empower farmers to influence political decisions
    regarding land (Lobbying)

15
Thank you. Merci. Gracias.
Dyen Te Don. Woman farming
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