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Courtly Love

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'Love is a certain inborn suffering derived from the sight of and excessive ... I. Marriage is no real excuse for not loving. II. He who is not jealous cannot love ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Courtly Love


1
Courtly Love
  • Carrie Ho - Introduction
  • Cindy Mi - Rules Etiquette
  • John Duffell - Religion
  • Sabina Ambartsumyan - Literature

2
What is Courtly Love?
  • Andreas Capellanus
  • Love is a certain inborn suffering derived
    from the sight of and excessive meditation upon
    the beauty of the opposite sex, which causes each
    one to wish above all things the embraces of the
    other and by common desire to carry out all of
    loves precepts in the others embrace (p.28).
  • C. S. Lewis
  • Humility
  • Courtesy
  • Adultery
  • Religion of Love

3
Ovidian Origins of Courtly Love
  • Parody of the genre Not meant to be taken
    seriously
  • Similar elements
  • Extramarital
  • Secrecy
  • Man must give in to womans wishes
  • Jealousy
  • Ovids treatises on love
  • Ars Amatoria (The Art of Love)
  • Amores (Amours)
  • Remedia Amoris (The Cure for Love)

4
Other Conjectured Influences on the Development
of Courtly Love
  • Crusades the patronage system
  • Muslim Court poets (such as Ibn Hazm)
  • The Cult of the Blessed Virgin
  • An innate characteristic of the Germanic peoples
    (as suggested by Tacitus)

5
The Heyday of Courtly Love
  • Eleanor of Aquitaine and Countess Marie
  • Courts at Troyes and Poitiers
  • Chrétien de Troyes
  • Andreas Capellanus
  • Dissemination through translation

6
Something to Ponder
  • Humanity does not pass through phases as a train
    passes through stations being alive, it has the
    privilege of always moving yet never leaving
    anything behind. Whatever we have been, in some
    sort we are still (p.1).
  • -C.S. Lewis

In what ways has our culture still not
completely left courtly love behind?
7
Rules and Etiquette
8
Seeking It
  • Homosexuality
  • Age
  • VI. Boys do not love until they arrive at the
    age of maturity
  • Blindness
  • Excess passion
  • XXIX. A man who is vexed by too much passion
    usually does not love

9
Acquiring It
  • Beautiful figure
  • Excellence of character
  • XVIII. Good character alone makes any man worthy
    of love
  • Readiness of speech
  • IX. No one can love unless he is impelled by the
    persuasion of love
  • Great wealth
  • X. Love is always a stranger in the home of
    avarice
  • Readiness with which one grants that which is
    sought

10
Dialogue of Courtship
  • Middle class man middle class woman
  • Excessive praise of her beauty
  • Middle class man noblewoman
  • Restrained praise of her beauty
  • Nobleman middle class woman
  • Convince her that she is worthy of your love
  • Nobleman noblewoman
  • Plead for love, but not shamelessly

11
Retaining It
  • Keep it a secret
  • XIII. When made public love rarely endures
  • Do not annoy her
  • V. That which a lover takes against the will of
    his beloved has no relish
  • XXV. A true lover considers nothing good except
    what he thinks will please his beloved

12
  • Do (not) commit adultery
  • I. Marriage is no real excuse for not loving
  • II. He who is not jealous cannot love
  • III. No one can be bound by a double love
  • XII. A true lover does not desire to embrace in
    love anyone except his beloved
  • XXI. Real jealousy always increases the feeling
    of love

13
  • XXXI. Nothing forbids one woman being loved by
    two men or one man by two women

14
Points to Ponder
  • Has courtly love confused love with lust?
  • What are other possible interpretations of these
    rules?
  • Do people still abide by them today?

15
Love, Sex, and the Church
  • Christian theology had not explicitly said that
    the act of sex was sinful by nature
  • There was some inherent evil in sex ever since
    the fall
  • Gregory The act is innocent, but the desire is
    evil
  • Hugo of St. Victor Pleasure is evil, but not a
    moral wrong not the sin, but the punishment of
    original sin
  • Peter Lombard - quotes Xystus the Pythagorian
    Omnis ardentior amator propriae uxoris adulter
    est. Any man who is too ardent a lover of his
    own wife is an adulterer."

16
Courtly LoveChristianity
  • A Tale of Two Women

17
Eve
  • Augustine of Hippo Doctrine on original sin
  • Eve Mother of sin?
  • Attitudes on women Unclean, weak, inferior -
    even insane?
  • Courtly love tradition poses the idea that
    love/sex (even adultery) ought to be idealized,
    love is ennobling, women should be adored, should
    call the shots.
  • Loyalty devotion to your lady, not to God or
    the Church
  • Courtly love stands in contrast to Churchs
    teachings in 13th century these traditions are
    called heresy

18
Mary
  • Mary was a respected figure in Christianity in
    1st millennium AD, but not as much as today
  • Cult of the Virgin Mary really developed in the
    12th century - possibly a response to courtly
    love tradition?
  • Mary, the Virgin Mother of God, seems to provide
    the perfect antidote to lustful, adulterous, or
    secular attitudes
  • If courtly love made it acceptable to idealize
    women, did the Church channel this energy by
    making Mary the ideal woman?

19
What does this remind you of?
  • A love that is passionate, consuming
  • A love that is absolute in its loyalty
  • A love that one may have to suffer for
  • A love that is subservient, and that serves a
    higher ideal
  • A love from afar
  • A love that is transforming and transcendent
  • Does this not sound like the ideal love that one
    should have for God and/or the Church?

20
Courtly Love in Literature
  • Romance Of The Rose a 13th century French poem
    written by two authors.
  • The English idea of courtly love was heavily
    influenced by French ideas and poetry.
  • Chaucer
  • The Canterbury Tales and Troilus and Criseyde.
  • The Knights Tale

21
Literature Religious
  • In Dantes The Divine Comedy, courtly love is
    used in a religious tone.
  • In a Guido Guinizelli poem, feminine beauty can
    be used as a way to heavenly grace.

22
Arthurian Legends
  • Chretien de Troyes - Lancelot, The Knight of The
    Cart
  • Troyes took the Arthurian legends and added
    chivalry, and courtly love.
  • Sir Thomas Malory La Morte DArthur
  • Stories about King Arthurs knights included
    ideas about courtly love.
  • Sir Gawain And The Green Knight

23
Satire
  • During the later part of the Middle Ages courtly
    love became a topic for satire.
  • Andreas Capellanuss Art of Courtly Love is now
    considered to be a satire by some scholars.
  • The second part of the Romance of the Rose is
    sometimes regarded as a parody of courtly love.
  • Several tales from The Canterbury Tales are
    satirical views on courtly love.

24
Works Cited
  • "Arthurian Literature Art." Chivalry and
    Courtly Love. 8 July 2006. Pittsburg State
    University. 12 Oct 2006 .edu/knichols/labelle.htmlchivalry.
  • Capellanus, Andreas. The Art of Courtly Love.
    Trans. John Jay Parry. New York Columbia
    University Press, 1990.
  • Lewis, C.S. The Allegory of Love. London Oxford
    University Press, 1968.
  • Newman, Francis X. The Meaning of Courtly Love.
    Albany State University of New York Press, 1968.
  • Schwartz, Dr. Debora B.. "Backgrounds To Romance
    Courtly Love." 6 Jan. 2002. California
    Polytechnic State University. 12 Oct 2006
    courtly.htm.
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