Blue Team - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Blue Team PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: c0ec7-Y2Y2Y



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Blue Team

Description:

Who shall make law, and what shall that law be (politics) ... Politics is state activity 'in things great and universal' versus administration ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:201
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 19
Provided by: pitt99
Learn more at: http://www.pitt.edu
Category:
Tags: blue | team

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Blue Team


1
A significant motivation of comparative PA is
to discover regularities through the human
experiences, irrespective of place and time.
Jreisat 2002, 5
  • Blue Team

2
Golden Oldies
  • Woodrow Wilson (1887) administrative-politics
    dichotomy
  • Administration is government in action (14) it
    is the executive, the operative, the most visible
    part side of government (14)
  • Who shall make law, and what shall that law be
    (politics)?
  • How law should be administered (administration)?
  • Administration lies outside the sphere of
    politics (20)
  • Politics is state activity in things great and
    universal versus administration asthe activity
    of the state in individual and small things
  • General plans (politics) versus special means
    (administration) (21)

3
Golden Oldies
  • Max Weber (1922 Gerth/Mills translation 1946)
    ideal type of bureaucracy
  • Principle of fixed and official jurisdictional
    areas
  • Office hierarchy and of levels of graded
    authority
  • Management based on written documents
  • Specialized office through expert training

4
Golden Oldies
  • Kharasch
  • Develops three axioms that lead to his
    institutional imperative
  • Action by the institution constitutes the
    internal dynamics of the institution
  • Institution must function continuously if it is
    to stay in existence
  • What the institution does is its purpose
  • Institutional imperative every action or
    decision of an institution must be intended to
    keep the institutional machinery working (49)

5
Golden Oldies
  • James Thurber
  • Cynical description of reality in politics
    through death of an invented public hero
  • Depicting a completely acceptable character of
    the hero death of the greatest man
  • Perilous heights of fame (126) a accidental
    death of its most illustrious and spectacular
    figure (128)

6
Comparative Pubic Administration Towards a
synthesis
  • Origins and development of the field
  • Conceptualizing comparative public administration
    and methodology
  • Cross-cutting topics
  • Corruption
  • Culture
  • Implementation

7
Origins and development of field
  • Emergence of field of public administration
  • Politics - administration dichotomy (Wilson 1887)
  • Ideal type of bureaucracy (Weber 1922)
  • Comparative public administration move away from
    US-centered PA

8
Origins and development of field
  • 1960s-early 70s New public administration
  • Obligations of PA to society activism, ethics,
    solution to problems
  • Development administration
  • The administration of development programs, to
    the methods used by large scale organizations to
    implement policies and plans to meet their
    development objectives (Riggs 1971)
  • Away from Western-centered unique challenges,
    contexts
  • CAG Ford Foundation Riggs
  • Postmodernism Movement away from rationality as
    answer
  • New Public Management
  • reinventing government decentralization,
    contracting, privatization, performance-based
    evaluation
  • Governance

9
Conceptualization
  • What is CPA?
  • comparative study of institutions, processes,
    and behaviors in many contexts (Jreisat , 2002)
  • Objective of CP
  • The discovery of patterns and regularities of
    administrative action and behavior across
    cultures in order to produce new knowledge and to
    affirm or refine existing information (1)

10
Conceptualization
  • Why we compare?
  • Increasingly globalized, interdependent world
  • Expand our knowledge and understanding of
    phenomena
  • What works characteristics of successful/unsucces
    sful administrative performance best practices
  • Insight for practitioners of various political
    contexts and impact on administration

11
Comparative methodology
  • A focus for comparison
  • Bureaucracy as a focus
  • Organizational setting
  • The ecology of administration

12
Comparative methodology
  • Functionalist
  • Interest articulation, interest aggregation,
    rule-making, rule application, rule adjudication,
    communication
  • Neo-institutionalist
  • Attention to structure
  • Peters perspective

13
Cross-cutting topics
  • Corruption
  • What is it? (Heidenheimer et al. 1990)
  • Many different meanings, but in social sciences
    often focus on
  • Public-office centered, market-centered, and
    public interest-centered
  • Friedrich behavior which deviates from the norm
    actually prevalent . . . and is deviant
    behavior associated with . . . private gain at
    public expense (15)
  • Why is it a problem?
  • Challenges for developing countries
  • Man is conceived in sin and born in corruption
    (Warren 1946, 223, All the kings men) Brant
    seized the greatest man in the world and pushed
    him out the window (Thurber 1991, 138-146)

14
Cross-cutting topics
  • Culture
  • Riggs prismatic model pertaining to the ecology
    of administration in a type of society (Heady
    2001, 96)
  • Almond and Verba civic culture, types of
    political culture
  • Picard historical, and contemporary political
    (and bureaucratic) structures and processes (2)
    authoritarian political culture (5) inherited
    authoritarian patterns of government (6)

15
Cross-cutting topics
  • Implementation intersection of public policy and
    administration
  • Errors of third type (EIII) (Dunn 2007, 84)
  • Problem structuring in policy analysis (81)

16
Weber (Bureaucracy)
Wilson (Politics/PA)
Development
Neo-Institutionalism
Culture
Corruption
Functionalism
Riggs Development (CAG)
Almond/ Verba
Heady (CPA)
Guy Peters
Picard
Policy Implementation (Dunn)
17
References
  • Wilson, Woodrow, The study of administration,
    in Shafritz, Jay M., and Albert C. Hyde. 2007.
    Classics of public administration. 6th ed.
    Boston Thomson Wadsworth.
  • Weber, Max, Bureaucracy, in Shafritz, Jay M.,
    and Albert C. Hyde. 2007. Classics of public
    administration. 6th ed. Boston Thomson
    Wadsworth.
  • Thurber, James, The greatest men in the world,
    in Archer, Jeffrey, and Simon Bainbridge. 1991.
    Fools, knaves, and heroes great political short
    stories. 1st American ed. New York Norton.
  • Kharasch, Robert N. 1973. The institutional
    imperative how to understand the United States
    Government and other bulky objects. New York,
    Charterhouse Books.

18
References
  • Picard, Louis A. 2005. The state of the state
    institutional transformation, capacity and
    political change in South Africa. Johannesburg
    Wits University Press.
  • Heady, Ferrel. 2001. Public administration a
    comparative perspective. 6th ed. New York Marcel
    Dekker.
  • Jreisat, Jamil E. 2002. Comparative public
    administration and policy. Boulder, Colo. Oxford
    Westview.
  • Baker, Randall. 1994. Comparative public
    management putting U.S. public policy and
    implementation in context. Westport, Conn.
    Praeger.
  • Bekke, A. J. G. M., James L. Perry, and T. A. J.
    Toonen. 1996. Civil service systems in
    comparative perspective. Bloomington, Ind.
    Indiana University Press.
About PowerShow.com