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Appreciative Inquiry: A Positive Revolution to Change

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Title: Appreciative Inquiry: A Positive Revolution to Change


1
Appreciative InquiryA Positive Revolution to
Change
2
Workshop Objectives
3
Some Change Agendas Suited to Appreciative Inquiry
  • Strategic Planning
  • Culture Transformation
  • Customer Satisfaction
  • Morale and Retention
  • Organization Design
  • Leadership Development
  • Business Improvement
  • Diversity/Inclusion

Merger Integration Alliance Building Union-Managem
ent Partnership Strategic Resource
Sharing Conflict Resolution Process
improvement Team Development
4
We may have reached the limits of deficit based
change
Deficit Based Change
No problem can be solved from the same level of
consciousness that created it. We must learn to
see the world anew.
Albert
Einstein
Identify problem Conduct root cause
analysis Brainstorm solutionsand analyze Develop
action plans
5
Ap-preci-ate, v.,
  • 1. Valuing
  • The act of recognizing the best in people and the
    world around us
  • Affirming past and present strengths, successes,
    and potentials
  • To perceive those things that give life (health,
    vitality, and excellence) to living systems.
  • 2. To increase in value, e.g. the economy has
    appreciated in value.
  • Synonyms valuing, prizing, esteeming,and
    honoring.

6
We Live in the Worlds Our Questions Create
  • And so AI asks questions about

Best Experiences Core Values? (what to build
on?)
What needs to be created? (possibilities and
opportunities?)
Actions to move forward?
7
The Functions of Continuity
8
What makes AI Unique?
  • Its fully affirmative
  • It is inquiry based
  • It is improvisational and flexible
  • Works in relationships, families, At least 8
    forms of engagement teams,orgns communities,
    alliances etc
  • Across time and space
  • At least 8 forms of engagement

9
Task Paired Interviews
  • Pick someone you would like to get to know, but
    different from you (age, gender, occupation)
  • Find a quiet space, first person interviews the
    other for 30m
  • - take notes of key words or phrases,
  • - manage your own time
  • - have fun
  • Switch roles, interviewer becomes interviewee
  • Spend a few minutes at the end discussing what
    this was like?
  • Be back by______

10
Elements of Good Appreciative Interviews
  • Prepare for the interview
  • Prepare your partner
  • Choose the right environment
  • Take time and build rapport
  • Have a second copy of the guide
  • Give people time
  • Show that you are listening
  • Go back over what you have learned. Ensure
    accuracy.
  • Summarize what most inspired you

11
Interview Questions
12
Questions (cont.)
13
Research Across Many Fields
  • Research Across Many Fields
  • Placebo Effect (Pharmaceutical Development)
  • Pygmalion Effect (Education)
  • Internal Conversations (Medicine)
  • Sports (Learning from success )
  • Sociology (Management)

14
5 Principles
  • Constructionist We live in worlds our questions
    create. Knowledge and org destiny are interwoven.
    We see the world we describe.
  • Simultaneity Change begins at the moment you ask
    the first question.
  • Open Book We can read almost anything into any
    organization.
  • Anticipatory Deep change occurs first in our
    images of the future
  • Positive The more positive the question, the
    greater and longer-lasting the change.

15
The 5-D AI Change Process
16
What would you call it?(all these things taken
together)
Achievements Strategic opportunities Product
strengths Technical assets Innovations Elevated
thoughts Best business practices Positive
emotions Financial assets
Organization wisdom Core competencies Visions of
possibility Vital traditions, values Positive
macro trends Social capital Embedded
knowledge Business ecosystem s e.g.. suppliers,
partners, competitors, customer
17
Topic Choice
?
  • A Fateful Act
  • Organizations Define Their Capabilities By What
    We Most Frequently and Systematically Ask
    Questions About!

18
Getting to Transformational Topics
From
To
Service Recovery
Baggage Problems
Service Recovery
Exceptional Arrival Experience
  • Final Topics
  • People are Owners
  • Continuous People Development
  • Big Picture Harmony Among Work Groups
  • Exceptional Arrival Experience

19
Deficit Problems Affirmative Topics
Deficit Issues Sexual Harassment Mid-mgmt.
Turnover Fear of Job Loss Low Morale Turfism/Silos
Delayed Orders Customer Complaints Lack of
Training Missed Commitments
Affirmative Topics Positive Cross-Gender Working
Relationships
20
What Would You Study?
  • From Analysis of Baggage Delays
  • To

21
Discovering Optimal Margins
  • With revenues, tonnage, and sales at record
    levels one of the most important opportunities we
    face is to engage everyone in increasing positive
    margins now and to do so will call on discovery
    of new strengths, build on old strengths, and
    carry us to higher levels financially.
  • As you look at Roadway from the perspective of
    our capabilities, and as you think about the
    business context and opportunities, how do you
    define "optimal margin for us? Define it what
    is the positive margin you want and believe we
    have the capability to create? Right now? In the
    moderate time frame? Longer term?

22
Characteristics of Great AI questions
23
6 Part of the Interview Guide
  • Introduction
  • Stage-setting Questions
  • Topic questions
  • Concluding questions
  • Summary Sheets
  • Quick action sheets

24
What Sort Of Sponsorship And Guidance
Structure Do We Want?
How and to whom shall we introduce AI?
Who will choose the Affirmative Topic? Create
Customized Interview Guides?
What is the organizations Change Agenda?
What is our Inquiry Strategy ?
What Form of Engagement makes sense?

Taking These Ideas Home - Six Questions To
Consider
25
8 Forms of Engagement

26
Disseminate stories and best practices
  • Print great stories in newsletters
  • Display quotes and stories on posters and
    websites
  • Run videos showing interviewers and interviewees
    in cafeterias, meeting rooms, etc.
  • Quote employees on marketing and other materials
  • Invite anyone to share their stories at brown bag
    lunches.

27
We Live in the Worlds Our Questions Create
  • Be patient and try to love the questions
    themselves. Live the questions now. Perhaps you
    will then gradually, without noticing it, live
    along some distant day into the answer.
  • Rainer Maria Rilke

28
Resources
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