The Current Crisis in Darfur - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – The Current Crisis in Darfur PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: bee2a-ZmQzN



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

The Current Crisis in Darfur

Description:

33rd most populous nation (37 million) ... In April 2003, rebel groups in Darfur attacked the Sudanese military. ... Both rebel and janjaweed are Muslim. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:23
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 14
Provided by: ccoe
Category:
Tags: crisis | current | darfur | rebel

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The Current Crisis in Darfur


1
The Current Crisis in Darfur
  • And the way it is related to the conflict in the
    South

2
Some Basic Knowledge about Sudan
  • 33rd most populous nation (37 million)
  • Largest country in Africa in terms of area and
    tenth largest in the world.
  • Military dictatorship (since 1989)
  • Khartoum is growing rapidly 5-6 million people,
    including 2 million internally displaced people
    from conflict
  • Economy is booming due to oil (1999).

3
(No Transcript)
4
(No Transcript)
5
The Civil War with the South
  • First Civil War, 1955-1972, Second Civil War,
    1983-2005
  • Religious and cultural factors northern Sudanese
    wanted one language (Arabic) and one religion
    (Islam) for national unity
  • Inequalities within Sudan lack of development
    (schools, clinics) outside of the North
  • Natural resources oil (1999) and water

6
The End of Civil War with the South
  • Peace negotiations began in 2000, and were
    concluded in January 2005.
  • The agreement was that there would be a division
    of government jobs and oil revenue sharing
    between North and South.
  • There will be a referendum in six years in the
    South about whether the South will secede or
    remain part of Sudan.

7
The Conflict in Darfur
  • In April 2003, rebel groups in Darfur attacked
    the Sudanese military.
  • The government has engaged in counter-insurgency
    measures through the janjaweed against civilian
    populations by bombing 700 villages and killing
    and raping people.
  • 2 million internally displaced people.

8
(No Transcript)
9
(No Transcript)
10
(No Transcript)
11
Root Causes of the Conflict
  • 1984-1985 drought shrunk grazing resources,
    causing conflicts with agriculturalists.
  • Like the South, Darfur suffered from
    underdevelopment in both colonial and
    postcolonial eras.
  • The Sudanese government is trying to remain in
    power and the country under control.

12
Root Causes of the Conflict Ethnicity?
  • Ethnicity very complicated in the region
  • Both rebel and janjaweed are Muslim.
  • Arab is certainly associated with higher status
    and the government in Khartoum, but those of
    Western Sudan seen as poorer cousins to those in
    Khartoum and certainly not as Arabs by those in
    Middle East.

13
US Foreign Policy towards Sudan
  • The US does not want to upset the Sudanese
    government because
  • It does not want to upset the Southern peace
    agreement, which was very important to
    evangelical Christians in the US.
  • The Sudanese government is giving the US
    information on the war on terror.
  • Access to oil?
About PowerShow.com