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Monitoring and Assessing Capacity Building Activities in Developing Countries for Combating Global W

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Heritage Hotel, St. John's. Antigua & Barbuda, November 5-6, 2007. Contents ... Without substantial capacity building in Non-Annex I parties, it will be ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Monitoring and Assessing Capacity Building Activities in Developing Countries for Combating Global W


1
Monitoring and Assessing Capacity Building
Activities in Developing Countries for Combating
Global Warming Approaches
UNFCCC Expert Workshop on Monitoring and
Evaluating Capacity Building in Developing
Countries Heritage Hotel, St. Johns Antigua
Barbuda, November 5-6, 2007
  • Professor Ji ZOU

2
Contents
  • Purposes and rationales
  • Indicators and baselines
  • Steps
  • Uses of the results of monitoring and evaluation
  • Practices in China
  • Conclusion

3
Purposes in general
  • Without substantial capacity building in
    Non-Annex I parties, it will be hopeless to reach
    the ultimate objectives of the Convention, given
    the increasing share of GHG emissions from
    Non-Annex I Parties
  • For better implementation of Decision 2/CP7
    (Marrakesh Accords) with higher effectiveness and
    efficiency.

4
Purpose in concrete
  • Its a tool to improve quality of capacity
    building activities
  • Evaluate adequacy of the implementation of the
    convention
  • Identify the gap of capacity and then the needs
    for capacity building
  • Provide for guidance to determine priorities for
    capacity building during planning
  • Share experiences and lessons learned for better
    performance and
  • The mechanism of monitoring and evaluation in the
    context of UNFCCC guarantee the process in
    tracks.

5
Rationales
Observe performance in climate protection
Evaluate level of capacity and compare with the
requirement of meeting the Conventions ultimate
goals
Identify the gap of capacity and the needs for
capacity building
Develop programmes and plans to conduct CB
activities
To evaluate the quality of CB activities process
evaluation or To evaluate the improvement of
capacity level objective evaluation
6
With the mandate of Decision 2/CP7, we select
process evaluation strategy to focus on
monitoring and evaluation of CB activities
together with evaluation of performance/capacity
level.
7
Indicators 1
  • Principles of design
  • Easy to use and not complicated
  • Data and information available
  • Not too costly
  • Covering key aspects of CB activities

8
Indicators 2 process-oriented
  • Evaluation of CB activities what we have done?
  • Coverage of CB activities if they have covered
    most of the domains/areas identified in Decision
    2/CP7?
  • Range of beneficiaries coverage of stakeholders,
    number of key beneficiaries ()
  • Project numbers and amount of financial resources
    (in terms of percentage or growth rate)
  • Timing how quick and how timely?

9
Indicators 3 objective-oriented
  • Evaluation of Capacity Level
  • Human resources and endogenous capacity
    (performance of managers, officials, experts)
  • Institution performance (companies, institutes,
    and NGOs) in specific areas
  • Institutional and legal system (institutional
    arrangement and integrity of enabling legal and
    regulation basis including design and
    implementation)

10
Baseline Programs/Plans on Capacity Building at
National, Local, and Sectoral Level
  • To set up a ruler against the gaps between
    requirement of meeting the ultimate goals of the
    Convention and the real local performances
  • Compare the observation of real performance of CB
    activities (by means of indicators) with the
    baselines to identify gaps and needs for CB.

11
Steps
  • Set up mandates by COP/SBI and establish a task
    force to deal with the operation (Secretariat? An
    expert group? International organizations?)
  • Formulate a mechanism to make all stakeholders
    together for communication, data
    provision/submission, and analysis (e.g., NC,
    parties submissions, standard report format
    etc)
  • Accept rules including adoption of indicators,
    data collection and information sources, etc
  • Analysis and make conclusion of the evaluation
  • Integration of the conclusion into future plan
    and
  • Report to and to be adopted by COP/MOP

12
Uses of the results of monitoring and evaluation
  • Assess the adequacy of the implementation of the
    Convention and the Protocols
  • Sharing experiences and lessons learned among
    parties and organizations
  • Support the development of future plan by
    identification of gap and priorities
  • Support optimal allocation of resources for
    capacity building
  • Support 5-year comprehensive review mandated by
    Decision 2/CP7

13
Practices in China experiences and lessons
learned
  • Political will and a matter of development,
  • Learning by doing,
  • Area by area and sector by sector,
  • All the changes depend on local progresses,
  • One of the challenges is to deliver knowledge,
    information and awareness to local government,
    institutions, industries, and citizens, given so
    large and imbalanced population and territory
    and
  • A long-way to go to improve the whole countrys
    capacity (continuous efforts needed)

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Conclusions
  • Important and necessary to guarantee the quality
    of implementation of Decision 2/CP7
  • Indicators should be easy and substantial
  • Nomination is needed for special group of
    people/organizations to conduct regular
    monitoring and evaluations, and
  • The results should be widely used as guidance and
    basis for action program development and
    performance evaluation.

21
Thank you for your attentions!zouji_at_ruc.edu.cno
rzouji61_at_126.com
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