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Information Society

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... of scientific and technological rationality into economy, society and culture ... knowledge, that is, general culture and the satisfying of intellectual ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Information Society


1
Information Society
  • What is it about? Helena Tapper

2
Approaches to information society
  • 1. Post-idustrial society
  • Idustrial society with a information orientation
  • Information sector as the main sector of economic
    growth
  • Information technology as key technology

3
Information society as post-industrial society
  • Economic and technological orientation
  • Daniel Bell The Coming of Post-Industrial
    Society (1973)
  • Theoretical knowledge is central
  • for decision-making and planning
  • the advance of scientific and technological
    rationality into economy, society and culture
  • Information is a key resource for planning, for
    that information technology becomes necessary

4
Information society as Post-Industrial Society
  • Information as key element for economic growth
  • Technocrats rule the society and exercize power
    with their technical skills and knowledge
  • Education is key resource

5
Fritz Machlup
  • The Production and Distribution of Knowledge in
    the United States, 1962, in which he claimed that
    the "knowledge industry represented 29 of the US
    gross national product"
  • This study is considered as the beginning of the
    Information age.

6
Fritz Machlup
  • Categories of knowledge
  • practical knowledge
  • intellectual knowledge, that is, general culture
    and the satisfying of intellectual curiosity
  • pastime knowledge, that is, knowledge satisfying
    non-intellectual curiosity or the desire for
    light entertainment and emotional stimulation
  • spiritual or religious knowledge
  • unwanted knowledge, accidentally acquired and
    aimlessly retained

7
Marc Porat and Michael Rubin1977
  • The Information Economy in the USA
  • This study identifies and defines information
    industries in the US economy
  • It also measures their outputs and information
    work, information occupations

8
The French School
  • Simon Nora and Alain Minc 'L'Informatisation de
    la Société, 1978
  • Computerizing the society through extensive
    telecom networks provides for citizens access to
    information services at home (MINITEL-project)

9
The Coming of Information Society by Yonej Masuda
  • Computopia, 1980
  • Society and economic development will be lead by
    integrated data networks available for all
    citizens

10
Manuel Castells
  • In a world of global flows of wealth, power, and
    images, the search for identity, collective or
    individual, ascribed or constructed, becomes the
    fundamental source of social meaning...
    Identity is becoming the main, and sometimes
    the only, source of meaning in a historical
    period characterized by widespread destructuring
    of organizations, delegitimation of institutions,
    fading away of major social movements, and
    ephemeral cultural expressions.

11
Manuel Castells
  • while the media have become indeed globally
    interconnected and programs and messages
    circulate in the global network, we are not
    living in a global village, but in customized
    cottages globally produced and locally
    distributed

12
Modenization, Risks and Globalization
  • Ulrich Beck Risk Society
  • Beck, U. Giddens A. Lash S. (1994) Reflexive
    Modernization. Cambridge Polity Press
  • Zygmunt Bauman Globalization
  • Identity, globalization, the contrast between the
    global and the local, economic risks

13
Technological Utopiasand Information Society
Programs
  • The new ICT was seen as salvation from economic
    crisis
  • Many countries and international organizations
    started their information society programs
  • Finland published its first program in 1994, EU
    Bangeman Report in 1992

14
Comments and Summary
  • The change of economy from industrial to service
    to post-industrial or information economy
  • Scientific information key resource
  • Future orientation
  • Education important
  • ICT a leading change agent
  • The largerst sector of economy is ICT

15
Comments and Summary
  • Who decides?
  • Large government and international programs
  • From information society to ICT for development?
  • Framework for development
  • How to use ICT and for what?

16
Comments and summary
  • Technology driven future
  • Science and technology important
  • Globalization global flows of information,
    finance and services
  • Future utopias
  • Issues time, space and identity, local and
    global, risks

17
References
  • Kumar, K. From Post-Industrial to Post-Modern
    Society. New Theories of the Contemporary World.
    Blackwell, Oxford 1995
  • Webster, F. Theories of the Information Society.
    Routledge, London 1995
  • Castells, M. The Information Age vols. 1-3.
    Blackwell, Oxford 1996-7
  • Drucker, P. The Post-Capitalist Society.
    Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford 1993
  • Jensen, R. The Dream Society. New York 1999
  • Information, Communication Society (1998-)
    http//www.infosoc.co.uk
  • http//www.info.uta.fi/winsoc/engl/lect/THEORY.htm

18
References
  • Beck, U. Giddens A. Lash S. (1994) Reflexive
    Modernization. Cambridge Polity Press
  • Beck, U. (1992) Risk Society. London Sage
  • Gastells, M. (1996) The Rise of Network Society.
    London Blackwell Publishers
  • Lash, S. Urry, J. (1994) Economies of Signs
    and Space. London Sage
  • http//www.brunel.ac.uk/research/virtsoc/nordic/la
    sh.htm

19
Manuel Castells
  • Information society and globalization
  • The analysis in three volumes
  • Castells, M. (1996) The Rise of the Network
    Society. The Information Age, Vol I. Oxford
    Blackwell
  • Castells, M. (1997) The Power and Identity. The
    Information Age, Vol II. Oxford Blackwell
  • Castells, M. (1997) The End of Millennium. The
    Information Age, Vol III. Oxford Blackwell
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