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Section 2. The Northern Renaissance

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Virgin and Child with Saints Barbara and Elizabeth and Jan Vos, by Jan van Eyck ... In the 1600's, Peter Paul Rubens blended realism with classical themes ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Section 2. The Northern Renaissance


1
Section 2. The Northern Renaissance
2
Section 2. The Northern Renaissance
  • Northern Europe recovered slowly from the ravages
    of the Black Death

3
Section 2. The Northern Renaissance
  • Began in the prosperous cities of Flanders about
    1450

4
Section 2. The Northern Renaissance
Artists and writers experimented with new
methods and ideas
Pieter Brueghel the Elder, 1525-69 The Peasant
Dance, c. 1567, oil on wood, 3'9"x 5'5"
5
Section 2. The Northern Renaissance
  • The rest of Europe began its cultural rebirth in
    the 1500s

6
Artists of the Northern Renaissance
  • Albrecht Durer - the German Leonardo -helped
    spread the ideas of the Renaissance

7
Artists of the Northern Renaissance
  • Durer was famous for his etchings

8
Artists of the Northern Renaissance
  • Jan and Hubert van Eyck were notable of the
    Flemish painters

Jan van Eyck The Arnolfini Marriage The
Betrothal of Giovanni Arnolfini and Giovanna
Cenami, See convex, Dutch art, frame, and
mirror.
9
The bride to be has placed her right hand into
the left hand of her fiancé to symbolize their
intention to wed. Some of the other symbols a
dog symbolizes love and fidelity, a pair of white
slippers in the lower left symbolize the sanctity
of marriage, fruits on the windowsill symbolize
fertility and original sin, a candle burning in
daylight acknowledges faith in God as well as his
all-seeing eye. A convex mirror hangs on the
wall behind the bride and groom. In this mirror
is a reflection of the backs of the principal
figures, accompanied by those of the painter and
another man who witness the betrothal. The frame
of the mirror contains ten medallions portraying
scenes from the life of Christ.
10
Artists of the Northern Renaissance
  • They portrayed townspeople and religious scenes
    in realistic detail

Virgin and Child with Saints Barbara and
Elizabeth and Jan Vos, by Jan van Eyck
11
Artists of the Northern Renaissance
  • The van Eycks are credited with developing the
    use of oil paint

12
Artists of the Northern Renaissance
  • Pieter Bruegel portrayed peasant life and
    influenced later artists

Peasant wedding c. 1568
13
Artists of the Northern Renaissance
  • In the 1600s, Peter Paul Rubens blended realism
    with classical themes

Venus and Adonisc. 1635
14
Northern Humanists
  • Stressed education and classical learning while
    emphasizing religious themes

15
Northern Humanists
  • They believed this revival should bring about
    religious and moral reform

16
Northern Humanists
  • Erasmus called for a translation of the Bible
    into the vernacular of ordinary people

Born  October 27, 1466Rotterdam, Holland
  Died  July 12, 1536Basel, Switzerland
17
Northern Humanists
  • Erasmus was disturbed about corruption in the
    church - used humor to expose immoral behavior

The Colloquia (1518) illustrated here condemns
ecclesiastical fraud
18
Northern Humanists
  • Englishman Thomas More pushed social reform and
    wrote about an ideal society in the Utopia

19
Northern Humanists
  • Francois Rabelais, used humor to express his
    opinions about religion, education, and other
    subjects

20
Northern Humanists
  • William Shakespeare wrote 37 plays - comedy,
    history, tragedy, and misplaced ambition

21
Northern Humanists
  • Shakespeare enriched the English language by
    adding over 1700 new words

22
Northern Humanists
  • Cervantes of Spain wrote Don Quixote, mocking the
    ideal of medieval chivalry

23
The Printing Revolution
  • In 1456, Johann Gutenberg was the first to use
    moveable type to print a Bible

24
The Printing Revolution
  • Printing presses became common across Europe and
    more and more people learned to read
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