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Theology 1

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With Rejoicing and Praise. Easley's Thinking about Systematic Theology ... For Knowing Something About God's Character and Moral Laws. The Sufficiency of Scripture ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Theology 1


1
Theology 1
  • Master of Christian Studies
  • Union University
  • Dr. Kendell Easley

2
Introduction to Systematic Theology
  • Systematic theology is any study that answers
    the question, What does the whole Bible teach
    us today? about any given topic.

3
Introduction to Systematic Theology
  • Relationship to Other Disciplines
  • Application to Life
  • Systematic Theology and Disorganized Theology
  • What Are Doctrines?
  • A doctrine is what the whole Bible teaches us
    today about some particular topic.
  • Assumptions

4
Why Should Christians Study Theology?
  • The Basic Reason Jesus Commanded It!
  • The Benefits to Our Lives
  • Objections to the Study
  • The Conclusions Are Too Neat to Be True
  • The Choice of Topics Dictates the Conclusions

5
How Should Christians Study Systematic Theology?
  • With Prayer
  • With Humility
  • With Reason
  • With Help from Others
  • By Collecting and Understanding All the Relevant
    Passages of Scripture on Any Topic
  • With Rejoicing and Praise

6
Easleys Thinking about Systematic Theology
  • Need to distinguish between first-level,
    second-level, and third level doctrines
  • First-level doctrines that define orthodoxy
    (RAISED FIST)
  • To deny a first-level doctrine is to be in heresy
    and likely to be outside of Christ and the gospel
  • The Ancient Creeds and the Pillars of the
    Reformation serve as reliable guidelines
  • Example the bodily resurrection of Jesus

7
Easleys Thinking about Systematic Theology
  • Second-level doctrines that define denominations
    (OUTTHRUST PALM)
  • To deny a second-level doctrine is to be in error
  • Those disagreeing here may have difficulty
    sharing church membership, but not Christian
    fellowship
  • Example the proper candidates for baptism
  • Third-level doctrines that express personal
    preference and about which there is much question
    (OPEN PALM)
  • Persons of all preferences are welcome
  • Example questions about the nature of the
    tribulation

8
Systematic TheologyPart 1
  • The Doctrine of the Word of God

9
The Word of God What Are the Different Forms of
the Word of God?
  • The Word of God as a Person Jesus Christ

10
The Word of God as Speech by God
  • Gods Decrees
  • Gods Words of Personal Address
  • Gods Words as Speech Through Human Lips
  • Gods Words in Written Form the Bible
  • The Focus of This Study the Bible

11
The Canon of ScriptureWhat Belongs in the Bible
and What Does Not Belong?
  • The Old Testament CanonEasley The Law
    Prophecy
  • The New Testament Canon

12
The Authority of ScriptureHow Do We Know That
the Bible Is Gods Word?
  • The authority of Scripture means that all the
    words in Scripture are Gods words in such a way
    that to disbelieve or disobey any work of
    Scripture is to disbelieve or disobey God.

13
All the Words in Scripture Are Gods Words
Easley Inspiration
  • This Is What the Bible Claims for Itself
  • We Are Convinced of the Bibles Claims to Be
    Gods Words as We Read the Bible
  • Other Evidence Is Useful but Not Finally
    Convincing
  • The Words of Scripture Are Self-Attesting
  • Objection This Is a Circular Argument
  • This Does Not Imply Dictation from God as the
    Sole Means of Communication
  • Therefore, to Disbelieve or Disobey Any Word of
    Scripture Is to Disbelieve or Disobey God

14
The Truthfulness of Scripture
  • God Cannot Lie or Speak Falsely
  • Therefore, All the Words in Scripture are
    Completely True and Without Error in Any Part
  • Gods Words Are the Ultimate Standard of Truth
  • Might Some New Fact Ever Contradict the Bible?
  • Written Scripture Is Our Final Authority

15
The Inerrancy of ScriptureAre There Any Errors
in the Bible? Easley Infallibility
  • The inerrancy of Scripture means that Scripture
    in the original manuscripts does not affirm
    anything that is contrary to fact.

16
Limits of Inerrancy
  • The Bible Can Be Inerrant and Still Speak in the
    Ordinary Language of Everyday Speech
  • The Bible Can Be Inerrant and Still Include Loose
    or Free Quotations
  • It Is Consistent with Inerrancy to Have Unusual
    or Uncommon Grammatical Construcitons in the Bible

17
Challenges to Inerrancy
  • Inerrancy Is a Poor Term
  • We Have No Inerrant Manuscripts Therefore, Talk
    About an Inerrant Bible Is Misleading
  • The Biblical Writers Accommodated Their
    Messages in Minor Details to the False Ideas
    Current in Their Day, and Affirmed or Taught
    Those Ideas in an Incidental Way
  • Inerrancy Overemphasizes the Divine Aspect of
    Scripture and Neglects the Human Aspect
  • There Are Some Clear Errors in the Bible

18
Problems with Denying Inerrancy
  • If We Deny Inerrancy, a Serious Moral Problem
    Confronts Us May We Imitate God and
    Intentionally Lie in Small Matters Also?
  • If Inerrancy Is Denied, We Begin to Wonder If We
    Can Really Trust God in Anything He Says
  • If We Deny Inerrancy, We Essentially Make Our Own
    Human Minds a Higher Standard of Truth than Gods
    Word Itself
  • If We Deny Inerrancy, Then We Must Also Say that
    the Bible Is Wrong Not Only in Minor Details but
    in Some of Its Doctrines as Well

19
The Clarity of ScriptureCan Only Bible Scholars
Understand the Bible Rightly? Easley
Interpretation
  • The clarity of Scripture means that the Bible is
    written in such a way that its teachings can be
    understood by all who will read it seeking Gods
    help and being willing to follow it.

20
The Bible Affirms Its Own Clarity
  • The Moral and Spiritual Qualities Needed for
    Right Understanding
  • Practical Encouragement from This Doctrine
  • The Role of Scholars

21
The Necessity of ScriptureWhy Is the Bible
Necessary? How Much Can People Know about God
without the Bible?
  • The necessity of Scripture means that the Bible
    is necessary for knowing the gospel, for
    maintaining spiritual life, and for knowing Gods
    will, but is not necessary for knowing that God
    exists or knowing something about Gods character
    and moral laws.

22
The Bible Is Necessary
  • For Knowledge of the Gospel
  • For Maintaining Spiritaul Life
  • For Certain Knowledge of Gods Will
  • The Bible Is NOT Necessary
  • For Knowing that God Exists
  • For Knowing Something About Gods Character and
    Moral Laws

23
The Sufficiency of ScriptureIs the Bible Enough
for Knowing what God Wants Us to Think or Do?
  • The sufficiency of Scripture means that Scripture
    contained all the words of God he intended his
    people to have at each stage of redemptive
    history, and that it now contains all the words
    of God we need for salvation, for trusting him
    perfectly, and for obeying him perfectly.

24
Factors Concerning the Sufficiency of Scripture
Easley Great Commandments
  • We Can Find All that God Has Said on Particular
    Topics, and We Can Find Answers to Our Questions
  • The Amount of Scripture Given Was Sufficient at
    Each Stage of Redemptive History
  • Practical Applications of the Sufficiency of
    Scripture
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