Architecture of the Muslim World - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Architecture of the Muslim World PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: a7115-NDBmY



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Architecture of the Muslim World

Description:

Architecture of the Muslim World. Islamic Urbanism. 02/27/07. 2. Definition. According to; Webster: 'an inhabited place of greater size, population, or importance ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:276
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 21
Provided by: adilshar
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Architecture of the Muslim World


1
Architecture of the Muslim World
  • Islamic Urbanism
  • 02/27/07

2
Definition
  • According to
  • Webster an inhabited place of greater size,
    population, or importance than a town or village
    or the people of a city
  • Kevin Lynchs three normative theories1
  • Cities as cosmic model
  • Cities as a machine
  • Cities as living organisms
  • 1From Good City Form

3
Discussion?
  • Why cities are important to Islam?
  • Is Islamic Urbanism unique?
  • Does the morphogenesis of the Islamic city differ
    from those shaping architecture?

4
Why cities are important to Islam?
  • Monkhood is discouraged
  • Mohammed was a member of the urban bourgeoisie
  • Emphasis on the relationships between people
  • Only by being good to others a person is
    carefully or successfully observing religious
    teachings
  • Congressional Friday prayers
  • Only in cities, virtuous life may be lived

5
In the beginning (6th 7th centuries)
  • No formal modifications (similar to others)
  • Some structural changes
  • Heterogeneous (race and religion)

6
Common Characteristics
  • Functional links
  • Shared values
  • Unifying symbol systems

7
Non-physical characteristics
  • Need to express power
  • Need to express unity (prayer in a central Jamia
    Mosque towards a singular direction, Qibla)
  • Functioned without explicit municipal autonomy or
    self-governance
  • Social Organization
  • Educational functions took place at the mosques
  • Reflecting the relationship between man and woman
    the city had two personalities interior and
    exterior

8
Physical Characteristics
  • Diverse percents and origins of forms
  • Hourani
  • Citadel
  • The palace
  • The central urban spine (Qasabah)
  • Markets (suqs)
  • Mosques (hierarchy)
  • Schools (madrasas)
  • Caravanceries, hamams, and other typologies
  • Residential quarters
  • Outer suburbs

9
Janet Abu Lughod
  • one always knows when one is in the presence of
    Islamic civilization
  • Accumulation of physical and non-physical
    characteristics

10
Urban Form
11
The stereo-Typical Islamic City
12
Evolution of the Urban Form
  • Garrison town
  • Islamization of Existing cities
  • Planned Capital Cities

13
Garrison towns
  • Basra
  • A military camp
  • Simple beginning

14
Basra (30 years later)
15
Islamization of Existing Cities
  • Damascus
  • Oldest continuously inhabited city
  • Became a metropolis during the Romans
  • Became part of Byzantine empire
  • Felt to the Ghassasinid Arab tribes

16
After the Arabs
  • Impressed by the regular street patterns
  • Added a mosque

17
Umayyad Damascus
  • Change is not major
  • Palace is very close to Mosque
  • Change reflects a change in lack of municipal
    power or autonomy

18
Planned Capital Cities
  • Abbasids
  • Baghdad
  • Idealized city
  • Remember the Typical city
  • Inward looking

19
Baghdad
20
Questions
  • Is there an Islamic urbanism?
  • Can we equate Abu Lughods proposition to
    Rapoports theories of house forms as
    explanations of a distinguishable urban form yet
    made of the same components as other urban
    traditions?
About PowerShow.com