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Violence in Palestine: an example of Bullying Behaviour

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A person is being bullied when he/she is exposed, repeatedly and ... Any Muslim who questions aggressive ... Muslim .Islamist or Islamofascist. Islam .Anti ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Violence in Palestine: an example of Bullying Behaviour


1
Violence in Palestine an example of Bullying
Behaviour
  • Dr. Maria-Jose Lera
  • Seville University

2
Bullying definition
  • A person is being bullied when he/she is exposed,
    repeatedly and over time, to negative actions on
    the part of one or more other persons.
  • Negative action is when a person intentionally
    inflicts injury or discomfort upon another
    person, through physical contact, through words
    or in other ways.
  • Olweus suggested that bullying occurs only when
    there is an "imbalance of power." (Dan Olweus)
  • Imbalance of power
  • Repetition
  • Intention

3
ResearchUniversity Students
4
Imbalance of Power?
5
Number of victims in the last years
6
Repeated over time?
7
UN RESOLUTIONS AGAINST
8
Bullying as social phenomena and roles
Ayudante ayudante animador animador VÍCTIMA
Agresor
Víctima
Defensor defensor
Ausente Ausente Ausente
9
(No Transcript)
10
Relaciones y roles de los implicados en la
violencia escolar
HELPER USA animador animador VÍCTIMA
Agressor ISRAEL
VICTIM PALESTINE
Defensor UN
AUDIENCE EUROPE
11
Moral Disengagement
  • the strategies most frequently used by aggressors
    are moral disengagement mechanisms in order to be
    able to carry on such kind of deathly attacks
    against innocent people.
  • That kind of mechanisms are
  • using euphemisms
  • need to defend themselves
  • stereotypes and dehumanization
  • blaming the victims for the consequences of the
    aggressors.

12
Examples of Euphemisms
  • Violence or aggressive war against
    Palestinians..... Conflict
  • Global aggressive war ...........................
    .......Spreading democracy Individual
    resistance to aggressive war ..........Terrorism
    Group resistance to aggressive war
    ................Insurgency National resistance
    to aggressive war ..............Terrorist state /
    rogue state Political leader of resistance to
    aggressive war...Dictator / Tyrant Any Muslim
    who questions aggressive war ........al-Qaeda
    Any other person who questions aggressive
    war...Militant Department that promotes
    aggressive war.......... Department of defense
    Invasion to promote aggressive war
    .................. Incursion Israeli agents of
    aggressive war ....................... Israeli
    defense force Victims of aggressive war (the
    people of Gaza) .... Enemy entity Popular
    support for aggressive war ......................D
    emocracy Massive funding for rich weapons
    makers............. Supporting the troops
    Genocide .......................................
    .................. Degrading the enemy Civil
    society (children, man, women) kidnapped
    prisioners or detained
  • Soldier prisioner .. kidnapped

13
  • Attack ...........................................
    ................... Defend Facts / evidence /
    objective reality ....................... Enemy
    propaganda Theft of natural resources
    ..................................Liberation
    Violence in pursuit of theft....................
    ............... National security Destroying
    civilians themselves ...........................
    Collateral damage Psychopathic mercenaries
    /death squads .............. Security forces
    Torture ........................................
    ......................Interrogation We will
    nuke anyone anytime we like ......................
    All options are on the table Distraction while
    we prepare to strike again ............... Peace
    process (which never ends) A child who got
    killed when she got in the way ........... Human
    shield Apartheid wall ..........................
    .............................Security fence
    Muslim .........................................
    ........................Islamist or Islamofascist
    Islam ..........................................
    .........................Anti-American radicalism
    Questioning zionist atrocities
    ...................................Anti-semitism
    Questioning U.S. funding for israel
    ............................Anti-semitism

14
The right of self-defense?
  • The need to defend themselves from any attack, in
    spite of the fact that they have been attacking
    Palestinians, Lebanese, and other Arabic
    countries for a long time.
  • So, they have nuclear missiles at Dimona.

15
Stereotypes and deshumanisation
  • Using any kind of information and propaganda to
    show that Palestinians are not human beings, such
    as
  • Exaggeration of any negative aspect of
    Palestinian society
  • Words like dirty, terrorist, amoral, liars, evil,
    and associated with religion.

16
Blame the victim
  • Dissemination of any information that supports
    they deserve it ,
  • Examples The conference cannot be done in Gaza
    because one soldier is detained, so they deserve
    not to have water, electricity, food, medicines,
    not even visiters.
  • And affecting 1.5 millions of people!!!

17
Conclusions
  • 1.- In spite of the lack of information, students
    (and most people) do know that it is aggressive
    violence rather than a conflict.
  • 2.- Therefore interventions cannot be Mediation
    (which assume that both sides have equal power)
  • It must be
  • Empowerment of the victim
  • Disempowerment of the aggresors
  • 3.- Resilience must be developed for Palestinian
    people. Resilience is related to
  • Family relations and security
  • Capacity of sense of humour
  • Creativity
  • Hope
  • 4.- Interventions in social context are necessary
    in schools and families, as counselling and
    intervention programs to improved peaceful
    climate, security, trust, and care.
  • 5.- Intervention programmes like Golden5 are
    highly recommended for schools and teachers
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