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Romanticism vs. Realism

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Also seen in new medium of photography. Spawns naturalism and all ... John Nash's Royal Pavilion. Houses of Parliament. Realism Architecture. Characteristics ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Romanticism vs. Realism


1
Romanticismvs.Realism
2
Romanticism is born
3
Romantic definition
  • Reaction to 18th century classicism rationalism
  • Viewed as revolutionary, emphasized change
  • Events now affect human thought expression and
    society politics

4
Romantic facts
  • Height from 1800 1850, but varied by country
  • Seen in painting, architecture, music,
    literature, philosophy
  • Spawns humanitarian movements against poverty,
    slavery, industry evils
  • Destroys simplicity unity of 18th c thought,
    now many views of Western civilization

5
Romantic elements
  • Emotion over reason
  • Optimism, flexibility, personal feeling
  • Rejection of classic emphasis on rules order,
    imagination intuition
  • Rejection of Nature as a harmonious whole, now
    alive changing
  • Rejection of Past as counter-progressive, now
    growing changing nationally

6
Realism definition
  • Reaction to 19th century Romanticism
  • Seen in realistic detail, no interpretations
  • Subjects now everyday life people

7
Realistic facts
  • Approximately 1840s end of century
  • Seen in painting, architecture, music,
    literature, philosophy
  • Also seen in new medium of photography
  • Spawns naturalism and all anti-realist movements
  • All later experimentations came as a reaction to
    this!

8
Realism elements
  • Positivism faith in consequences of close
    observation of humans nature
  • Accuracy objectivity when portraying ordinary
    world
  • Inclusion of new science technological
    advancements

9
Romantic Painting
10
Characteristics
  • Loose, fluid brushwork
  • Strong colors
  • Complex compositions
  • Contrasts of light dark
  • Expressive poses gestures

11
Ingres Large Odalisque
12
Gericault Raft of the Medusa
13
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14
Gros Napoleon in Plague House
15
Delacroix Liberty Leading the People
16
Delacroix Massacre at Chios
17
Goya Third of May 1808
18
Goya Family of Charles IV
19
Friedrich Monk by the Sea
20
Friedrich Wanderer
21
JMW Turner Slave Ship
22
Turner Snowstorm Hannibaland His Army Crossing
Alps
23
Constable Clouds
24
Constable White Horse
25
Realism Painting
26
Corot Le Pont de Mantes
27
Corot Volterra
28
Rosa Bonleur Plowing in Nivernais
29
Millet The Gleaners
30
Millet Woman Baking Bread
31
Courbet Burial at Ornans
32
Courbet The Stonebreakers
33
Daumier Third Class Carriage
34
Liebl Three Women in a Village Church
35
Repin Bargehaulers on Volga
36
Romantic Architecture
37
Characteristics
  • Classical revival Greek after 1815
  • Romantic classicism individual, intuitive
    creation that emphasizes classic details
  • Picturesque Gothic motifs fantasy

38
John Nashs Royal Pavilion
39
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40
Houses of Parliament
41
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42
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43
Realism Architecture
44
Characteristics
  • Experimentation new materials, steel glass
  • Combinations of design, material, space
  • Skyscraper in America
  • Cramped space in urban areas
  • Needed elevator
  • Sullivan form flows from function

45
Paxton Crystal Palace
46
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47
Monadnock Building
48
Louis Sullivan
49
Romantic Music
50
Characteristics
  • Form subordinate to feeling harmonies a means
    of expression
  • Emphasis on lyrical expressive melodies
  • Experiments in new meter patterns of rhythm
  • Emotional conflict suggested by juxtaposition of
    differing meters rhythmic irregularity

51
Musicians
  • Franz Schubert art song
  • Frederich Chopin piano compositions
  • Richard Strauss program music
  • Johannes Brahms symphonies choral music
  • Richard Wagner opera

52
Nationalism
  • Folk tunes themes, local rhythms harmonies
  • Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
  • Cultural past political circumstances
  • Violin Concerto in D Major

53
Realism Music
54
Characteristics
  • 1870 1914 huge change!
  • Development of elaborate programs to explain
    major plots vs. simple stories
  • Composers much more autobiographical
  • Birth if program symphonies symphonic poems

55
Musicians
  • Franz Liszt program music
  • Richard Strauss symphonic poems opera,
    influenced by German expressionism
  • Tchaikovsky autobiographical Symphony No. 6 in
    b minor
  • Gustav Mahler lately appreciated Bohemian,
    straddles modern century

56
Romantic Philosophers
57
Immanuel Kant
  • Lived through 19th century optimism, so has a
    positive outlook
  • Art unites opposing principles, such as reason
    imagination

58
Georg W. F. Hegel
  • Also maintains positive outlook
  • Art synthesizes opposites of thesis (pure beings)
    antithesis (natural world)
  • Applies to human mind world history patterns
  • Contributes to modern art criticism

59
Arthur Schopenhauer
  • Polar opposite of Kant Hegel
  • Dominating will in world is evil
  • World is doomed to be ravaged by misery strife
  • Popularity rises after failed nationalistic
    revolutions of mid 19th c

60
Karl Marx
  • Revolution is necessary
  • Capitalism is evil
  • Masses are sedated by religion
  • Workers of the world, unite!
  • Materialist concept of history
  • Art can determine history contribute to change
  • Realistic style fits struggle best

61
Charles Darwin
  • On the Origin of the Species by Means of Natural
    Selection
  • Theory of evolution explains species are capable
    of variation
  • Evolution occurs by natural selection, survival
    of fittest
  • The Descent of Man humans evolved from
    anthropoids
  • Spawned Social Darwinism, but never personally
    endorsed

62
Realism Philosophers
63
Friedrich Nietzsche
  • Attacked accepted ideas of time
  • But readers should not agree!
  • Human helplessness in mechanical world under
    inflexible law
  • But human courage in face of this is best quality
  • Will spawn superhuman race

64
Sigmund Freud
  • Developed psychoanalysis, study of
    unconsciousness dreams
  • Charted levels of mind
  • Symbolism of dreams can also apply to literature,
    20th c criticism
  • Also influenced stream of consciousness style

65
Carl Jung
  • Collective human unconscious shared by all with
    archetypal images
  • Artists influenced more than everyone else
  • Artistic creations are unconscious representation
    of archetypal images

66
Romantic Literature
67
Characteristics
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe transitions from
    Neo-classicism
  • Romantics use both prose poetry
  • Lots of groups partnerships

68
Poetry
  • Peak in English literature
  • Themes of nature, human existence, reaction to
    art
  • William Wordsworth founder
  • Lord Byron, Percy Bysshe Shelley, John Keats,
    Samuel Taylor Coleridge

69
Prose
  • Literate public eager for fiction
  • Jane Austin more Neo-classic comedy of
    manners, Pride and Prejudice
  • Bronte sisters Wuthering Heights and Jane Eyre
  • Charles Dickens fence sitter
  • Leo Tolstoy Anna Karenina and War Peace

70
Realism Literature
71
Prose Characteristics
  • Depicts life with absolute honesty
  • Specific verifiable details vs. sweeping
    generalities
  • Value impersonal, photographic accuracy vs.
    interpretation
  • Influenced by science, reaction to Romanticism
  • Stresses commonplace brutal

72
Feodor Dostoevski
  • Theme of human suffering producing salvation
  • Crime and Punishment psychological novel,
    explores multiple personalities
  • Theme of moral redemption through suffering
  • Morality is what a person is, not what they show

73
Ibsen Chopin
  • Henrick Ibsen Norwegian playwright
  • A Dolls House discusses womens rights,
    controversial play
  • Kate Chopin American, not well known, novels
    short stories
  • The Awakening oppression of women, controversial
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