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December 2008 Safety Briefing


Each year fires occurring during the holiday season claim the lives of over 400 Americans, ... Brief Description: This dynamic, entertaining and educational program is ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: December 2008 Safety Briefing

December 2008 Safety Briefing
  • Lt Col Larry Brockshus
  • MN Wg/SE

This Month
  • Winter Driving Safety
  • Christmas Fire Hazards
  • Flight Safety Opportunity
  • Induction Icing

Winter Driving
  • Winter is a beautiful time of the year, but can
    also be a very dangerous time of the year.
  • If you plan on traveling during the winter, it
    pays to be prepared for the unexpected.
  • Simply following a few simple driving habits to
    insure that you make it to your destination
  • planning ahead
  • driving at a safe and legal speed
  • driving alert and sober
  • buckling up could

If you must use your car during a storm
  • Plan your travel, selecting both primary and
    alternate routes.
  • Check latest weather information on your radio.
  • Try not to travel alone
  • Convoy (with another vehicle) if possible.
  • Drive carefully and defensively
  • Watch for ice patches on bridges and overpasses.
  • Take note of your odometer, exit numbers, or
    crossroads so if you crash or slide off the road
    you'll be able to identify your location
  • If a storm begins to be too much for you to
    handle, seek refuge immediately.
  • If your car should become disabled, stay with the
    vehicle, running your engine and heater for short
  • Crack" a window in the vehicle to avoid carbon
    monoxide build-up.

Be courteous to those awaiting your arrival
  • Call ahead to your destination just as you are
  • Let someone at your destination know the license
    plate number
  • Provide the route you'll be traveling
  • Give a realistic estimate of your travel time
  • If you have a cell phone, give that number to the
    party at your destination.
  • If you have friends/family at your place of
    origin, call when you arrive to let them know you
    have arrived safely.
  • If road conditions, tiredness, etc. delay or
    postpone a trip, make a phone call. Let people on
    both ends know of the delay.

Preparing your vehicle for winter driving
  • Reliable transportation is especially important
    in the winter. Not only should you keep your
    vehicle in top operating condition all year round
    - for safety and fuel economy, it is especially
    important to get it winterized to avoid any
    unpleasant or dangerous situation while traveling
    in frigid weather.
  • Check the following
  • Ignition system
  • Fuel system
  • Belts
  • Fluid levels
  • Brakes
  • Exhaust system
  • Wiper blades and washer fluid
  • Snow tires
  • Tire tread and pressure
  • Defroster
  • Proper grade oil
  • Cooling system
  • Battery
  • Lights
  • Antifreeze

Winter Driving
  • Always fill the gasoline tank before entering
    open country
  • Even for a short distance
  • Fill-up long before the tank begins to run low
  • Minimizes condensation, and providing the maximum
    advantage in case of trouble. 
  • A Citizens Band (CB) radio and/or cellular phone
    can be very useful
  • Clear all windows and lights of frost and snow.
  • Drive with your headlights on.
  • Stock your car with basic winter driving
  • A scraper and brush, small shovel, jumper
    cables, tow chain and a bag of sand or cat litter
    for tire traction.
  • Also include road flares, a blanket, heavy boots,
    warm clothing, and flashlight with batteries.
  • Reverse the batteries in the case to avoid
    accidental switching, and burnout. Warm the
    batteries between your legs before using them.

Coffee can survival kit
  • A 2 or 3 pound metal coffee can to heat snow and
    store survival items
  • Punch 3 holes around the open top of can, equal
    distance apart
  • To suspend the can from the headliner 60-inch
    length of heavy string, 3 large safety pins
  • 1 candle 2" diameter (place on lid under
    suspended can for melting snow)
  • Additional items to put inside can
  • 1 pocket knife
  • 3 pieces of bright cloth 2" wide x 36" long (tie
    to antenna)
  • Several packets of soup, hot chocolate, tea,
    bouillon cubes, etc.
  • Plastic spoon.
  • 1 small package of peanuts (provides protein) and
    fruit-flavored candy (orange slices, jelly beans,
    etc. - avoid chocolate, it can have a diuretic
    effect, which could cause you to become
  • 1 pair of socks and 1 pair of gloves or glove
    liners, depending on what will fit in the can
    (cotton is not recommended because it provides no
    insulation when wet).
  • 2 packages of book matches.

Coffee can survival kit
  • Additional items to put inside can
  • 1 sun shield blanket (to reflect body heat).
  • 1 pen light and batteries (keep separate).
  • 2 quarters and 2 dimes for telephone calls.
  • When kit is complete, place stocking cap over kit
    and carry in passenger compartment of car in case
    you go into a ditch and can't get to or open the
  • Consider adding
  • Large plastic garbage bag.
  • Pencil stub and paper.
  • Plastic whistle.

In case you're stranded while driving in winter
  • Stay in your vehicle. Walking in a storm can be
    very dangerous. You can lose your way, wander out
    of reach, become exhausted, collapse and risk
    your life. Your vehicle itself is a good shelter.
  • Avoid overexertion. Attempting to push your car,
    trying to jack it into a new position or
    shoveling snow takes great effort in storm
    conditions. You could risk heart attack or other
  • Calm down and think. The storm will end and you
    will be found. Don't work enough to get hot and
    sweaty. Wet clothing loses insulation quality
    making you more susceptible to the effects of
  • Keep fresh air in your vehicle. It is much better
    to be chilly or cold and awake than to become
    comfortably warm and slip into unconsciousness.
    Freezing-wet or wind-driven snow can plug your
    vehicle's exhaust system causing deadly carbon
    monoxide gas to enter your vehicle.
  • Don't run the engine -unless you are certain the
    exhaust pipe is free of snow or other objects.
    Keep the radiator free from snow to prevent the
    engine from overheating.

In case you're stranded while driving in winter
  • Keep your blood circulating freely by loosening
    tight clothing, changing positions frequently and
    moving your arms and legs. Huddle close to one
    another. Rub your hands together or put them
    under your armpits or between your legs. Remove
    your shoes occasionally and rub your feet.
  • Don't expect to be comfortable. The challenge is
    to survive until you're found.
  • If you have access to a telephone, you should
    dial 911 to summon help. In other states you may
    be able to dial 911 or "0" to get the operator on
    the line. When you talk with authorities, be
    prepared to
  • Describe the location, condition of your
    companions and the trouble you are experiencing.
  • Listen for questions.
  • Follow any instructions. You may be told you
    should stay where you are to guide rescuers or to
    return to the scene.
  • Do not hang up until you know who you have spoken
    with and what will happen next.

  • Exposed skin can freeze within one minute at
    wind-chill equivalent temperatures below -25
  • Frostbite affects the extremities, such as
    fingers and toes.
  • If a body part has been frostbitten once, it is
    more susceptible to frostbite again, even in
    milder conditions.
  • Redness and a burning sensation are indications
    frostbite will occur unless the extremity is
  • Numbness is an indication that frostbite has
    already taken place.
  • If frostbite is discovered, hold the affected
    part tightly against the warm skin or another
    part of the body (for example place frozen
    fingers under arm).
  • When thoroughly warmed, keep covered and make an
    effort to keep area from freezing again.

  • Remember hypothermia (rapid loss of body
    temperature) can happen to anyone!  
  • Under conditions of prolonged exposure to cold,
    the body may begin to lose heat faster than it
    can produce it.
  • The symptoms become very apparent, and include
  • Uncontrollable shivering
  • Vague, slow, slurred speech
  • Memory lapses
  • Incoherence
  • Immobile, fumbling hands
  • Frequent stumbling
  • Lurching gait
  • Drowsiness
  • Apparent exhaustion
  • If you believe you are experiencing these
    symptoms, it is important that you make every
    effort to get warm. 
  • Avoid hypothermia by staying dry and dressing
    warmly. If wet, remove wet clothing and get into
    warm, dry clothes, blankets or a sleeping bag.
    Stay awake and alert. 
  • If a hypothermia victim loses consciousness, seek
    medical attention immediately.

A Season for Sharing in Fire Safety
A Factsheet on Holiday Fire Prevention
  • Each year fires occurring during the holiday
    season claim the lives of over 400 Americans,
  • Injure 1,650 more, and cause over 990 million in
  • According to the U. S. Fire Administration
    (USFA), there are simple life-saving steps you
    can take to ensure a safe and happy holiday.

Preventing Christmas Tree Fires
  • A burning tree can rapidly fill a room with fire
    and deadly gases.
  • Selecting a Tree for the Holiday
  • Needles on fresh trees should be green and hard
    to pull back from the branches, and the needle
    should not break if the tree has been freshly
    cut. The trunk should be sticky to the touch.
  • Old trees can be identified by bouncing the tree
    trunk on the ground. If many needles fall off,
    the tree has been cut too long, has probably
    dried out, and is a fire hazard.
  • Caring for Your Tree
  • Do not place your tree close to a heat source,
    including a fireplace or heat vent. The heat will
    dry out the tree ,causing it to be more easily
    ignited by heat, flame or sparks.
  • Do not put your live tree up too early or leave
    it up for longer than two weeks. Keep the tree
    stand filled with water at all times.

Preventing Christmas Tree Fires
  • Disposing of Your Tree
  • Never put tree branches or needles in a fireplace
    or woodburning stove.
  • When the tree becomes dry, discard it promptly.
  • The best way to dispose of your tree is by taking
    it to a recycling center or having it hauled away
    by a community pick-up service.
  • Maintain Your Holiday Lights Inspect holiday
    lights each year for frayed wires, bare spots,
    gaps in the insulation, broken or cracked
    sockets, and excessive kinking or wear before
    putting them up. Use only lighting listed by an
    approved testing laboratory.
  • Do Not Overload Electrical Outlets
  • Do not link more than three light strands, unless
    the directions indicate it is safe.
  • Connect strings of lights to an extension cord
    before plugging the cord in to the outlet.
  • Periodically check the wires they should not be
    warm to the touch.
  • Do Not Leave Holiday Lights on Unattended

Holiday Decorations
  • Use Only Non-flammable Decorations All
    decorations should be nonflammable or
    flame-retardant and placed away from heat vents.
  • Never Put Wrapping Paper in a Fireplace It can
    result in a very large fire, throwing off
    dangerous sparks and embers that may result in a
    chimney fire.
  • Artificial Christmas Trees If you are using a
    metallic or artificial tree, make sure it is
    flame retardant. Candle Care
  • Avoid Using Lit Candles If you do use them, make
    sure they are in stable holders and place them
    where they cannot be easily knocked down. Never
    leave the house with candles burning.
  • Never Put Lit Candles on a Tree Do not go near a
    Christmas tree with an open flame - candles,
    lighters or matches. Finally, as in every season,
    have working smoke alarms installed on every
    level of your home, test them monthly and keep
    them clean and equipped with fresh batteries at
    all times. Know when and how to call for help.
    And remember to practice your home escape plan.

Flight Safety
Flight Safety Opportunity
  • "The Pilot and the Chart Maker, VFR Charts from
    the Expert
  • Topic Aeronautical charts and products for all.
    Presented by the Chart Wizard from Washington,
    D.C, Mr. Richard Neher.
  • Date and Time Monday, January 19, 2009, starting
    at 700 pm
  • Brief Description This dynamic, entertaining and
    educational program is presented by the premiere
    cartographer himself, Richard Neher, from the
    Aeronautical Charting Office in Washington, D.C.
    Whether you use paper charts, GPS, MFD or EFB
    after this program you will look down at the
    earth in a whole new way.
  • Location of Event
  • Thunderbird Aviation 14091 Pioneer TrailEden
    Prairie, MN 55347

Induction Ice
  • Carburetor icing consists of ice accumulation
    that blocks the carburetor venturi
  • Impact ice, a type of induction icing,  occur
    when temperatures are near to, or colder than,
    the freezing point of 0 C. Impact ice can block
    the air filter.
  • In severe cases, it can reduce intake flow to the
    point that the engine may stop.

Carburetor icing
Charles and Gay-Lussacs Law- Temp and pressure
are directly proportional
Corrective Measures
  • A fuel injected engine does not prevent impact
  • If you suspect impact ice, activate carb heat or,
    for fuel injected engines, alternate air.
  • Expect carb icing when relative humidity is high
    and temperatures are between 20F and 70F. 
    Indications of carb ice include rough running
    engine, and loss of RPM (fixed pitch propeller)
    or loss of manifold pressure (constant speed
  • In general, apply carb heat or alternate air
    immediately if you suspect carb icing.   Be
    prepared for an initial additional decrease in
    engine performance as the ice melts and moves
    through the system.
  • Always follow specific manufacturer's

Be Safe