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Satellite Internet Project for Afghan High Schools

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High schools in city and rural area are covered ... The equipment at the high school may be shared with widow's holiday school. Project Formation ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Satellite Internet Project for Afghan High Schools


1
Satellite Internet Project for Afghan High
Schools
  • January 12, 2003
  • Eiji Hayashi
  • BHN Association

2
The introduction of BHN Association
  • Established in 1992
  • Humanitarian Aid utilizing Telecommunication
  • Refugees and Disaster Relief utilizing
    Telecommunication
  • Educating Telecommunication Staffs in Developing
    Countries

3
Organizations outline.
4
Supporting Developing Countries
  • Improving Telecommunication Infrastructure
  • Improving In-Hospital Telephone System
  • Constructing Telecommunication Network between
    Hospitals and Local Clinics
  • Installing Telemedicine System

5
Information Communication as Basic Human Needs
  • Access to Information Infrastructure and
    Meaningful Content Basic Human Right
  • ICT Essential for
  • Activities to support Basic Human Needs (disaster
    relief, e-health)
  • Capacity Building, Training Human Resources
    (e-learning)

6
ICT Needs in Underdeveloped Region
  • Lack of Infrastructure
  • Lack of Money
  • Lack of ICT Skill

7
Top-down Approach vs Bottom-up Approach
  • To build IC infrastructure, Top-down approach and
    Bottom-up Approach are complementary

8
Project history
  • Improving Telecommunication Infrastructure
    Microwave Link between Moscow and Obninsk to
    support Chernobyl Accident (1996)
  • Improving In-Hospital Telephone SystemUkrainian
    National Emergency and Trauma Center (1997)
  • Improving In-Hospital Telephone SystemYangon
    General Hospital, Myanmar (1998)
  • Installing Telemedicine SystemSatellite
    Telemedicine Systembetween Gomel, Belarus and
    Shinshu Univ.Japan (1999)
  • Installing Telemedicine SystemTelemedicine
    between remote hospitals inSarawak, Malaysia
    (2000)

9
Project history contd
  • Telecommunication materials for Hurricane Mitch
    Disaster(1998)
  • Big Earthquake in Turkey(1999)
  • Big Earthquake in Taiwan(2000)
  • Refugees in East Timor(2000)
  • Snow Damage in Mongolia(2001)
  • Big Earthquake in India(2001)

10
BHN ICT PROJCT in Afghanistan
  • Wireless Networks for Afghan NGOs
  • FM Community Radio station
  • Tracking Administration System
  • Public Telephone Service for Refugees
  • School Net (IT Support for High Schools)
  • Wireless Network for Hospitals and Clinics in
    Rural Area

11
A Status of Education in Afghanistan
  • No investment in education in past 23 years,
  • Lack of teachers,
  • Few school facilities
  • Shortage of text books and materials.

Internet Education will cover those problems.
12
What is the ICT Education
  • Skill to use personal computer
  • Key typing and Mouse control
  • Word processing software
  • Spreadsheet software
  • Skill to use the Internet
  • E-mail Communication
  • Information retrieval using w.w.w. website
  • e-Education
  • Courseware Science and Mathematics
  • Electronic library for education materials
  • Virtual science laboratory

13
Communication System PlanFull Fledged System
Jcsat-3
C Band
Max 3km
A school
512kbps Leased line
B school
IEEE-802.11b
Internet Backbone HAWAI TIMEBRS
PROVIDER SYSTEM
C school
Prodelin 3.8m Les
D school
3600
Mail Proxy www proxy
radius
HUB
PSKDigitalSatellite Modem
SW-HUB
ACCESS SYSTEM
C school
SATLLITE SYSTEM
14
Simplified Configuration forPilot High School
Network
High school ICT room
64kbps shared link
Educational contents sever
Max 20 Pc
router
Local internet
Web-sat
Electric Power Supply System
15
The Characteristics of the System.
  • High schools in city and rural area are covered
  • Applicable in the area where power supply is
    unstable
  • Web-sat system may be relocated to another school
    when the local Internet becomes available
  • Use of the Internet is limited only to e-mail
    when using Web-sat (due to limited bandwidth)

16
Estimated Implementation Cost of Each High
School System
Training cost of teachers and technicians is not
included.
17
Proposal of More Comprehensive System
  • Use of Higher Bandwidth for Satellite
  • Where cost is justified
  • Development of Courseware
  • International cooperation of various
    organizations
  • Extensive Training of Teachers and Technicians
  • Integration with the Restoration Plan of Afghan
    Education System

18
The Expansion of the Project
  • ICT Education is helpful for the war widow as
    well
  • Support women for economic independence
  • The equipment at the high school may be shared
    with widows holiday school

19
Project Formation
20
To Ensure the Sustainability of the System
  • The training of young technicians

Construction of Web-sat and Network
Test operating at Kabul
21
To Ensure the Sustainability of the System
contd
  • Maintain and Expand the Use of the System
  • Cooperation with Local NGOs, Local Government and
    Local Communities
  • Regulatory Orientation to Support Such System
  • International Support Scheme to Alleviate the
    Burden of Communication Cost

22
The end
  • BHN hopes that peace in Afghanistan goes on by
    the diffusion of ICT.

AACA BHN
UNDP http//www.bhn.or.jp/
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