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Exodus

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Day of atonement - Feast of tabernacles (booths) Fall. Remember entry into the promised land and when they used to live in temporary 'booths' ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Exodus


1
Exodus
  • The plagues
  • Red Sea
  • Much complaining
  • Mount Sinai

2
Mount Sinai
  • The LORD said to Moses, I will come to you in a
    thick cloud, so that the people will hear me
    speaking with you and will believe you from now
    on…Go to the people and tell them to spend today
    and tomorrow purifying themselves for worship.
    They must wash their clothes and be ready the day
    after tomorrow. On that day I will come down on
    Mount Sinai, where all the people can see me.
    Mark a boundary around the mountain that the
    people must not cross, and tell them not to go up
    the mountain or even get near it. If any of you
    set foot on it, you are to be put to death you
    must either be stoned or shot with arrows,
    without anyone touching you. This applies to both
    people and animals they must be put to death.
    But when the trumpet is blown, then the people
    are to go up to the mountain. Then Moses came
    down the mountain and told the people to get
    ready for worship. So they washed their clothes,
    and Moses told them, Be ready by the day after
    tomorrow and don't have sexual intercourse in the
    meantime.

3
Mount Sinai
  • On the morning of the third day there was
    thunder and lightning, a thick cloud appeared on
    the mountain, and a very loud trumpet blast was
    heard. All the people in the camp trembled with
    fear. Moses led them out of the camp to meet God,
    and they stood at the foot of the mountain. All
    of Mount Sinai was covered with smoke, because
    the LORD had come down on it in fire. The smoke
    went up like the smoke of a furnace, and all the
    people trembled violently. The sound of the
    trumpet became louder and louder. Moses spoke,
    and God answered him with thunder. The LORD came
    down on the top of Mount Sinai and called Moses
    to the top of the mountain.

4
Mount Sinai
  • Moses went up and the LORD said to him, Go down
    and warn the people not to cross the boundary to
    come and look at me if they do, many of them
    will die. Even the priests who come near me must
    purify themselves, or I will punish them. Moses
    said to the LORD, The people cannot come up,
    because you commanded us to consider the mountain
    sacred and to mark a boundary around it. The
    LORD replied, Go down and bring Aaron back with
    you. But the priests and the people must not
    cross the boundary to come up to me, or I will
    punish them. Moses then went down to the people
    and told them what the LORD had said. (Exodus
    199-25)

5
Mount Sinai
  • Why did God come to the mountain in this way? Why
    not come in love and gentleness?
  • The LORD said to Moses, I will come to you in a
    thick cloud, so that the people will hear me
    speaking with you and will believe you from now
    on.
  • Look at the behavior of the people
  • Did God overdo it?
  • What were they doing 40 days later?

6
The peoples response
  • When the people heard the thunder and the
    trumpet blast and saw the lightning and the
    smoking mountain, they trembled with fear and
    stood a long way off. They said to Moses, If you
    speak to us, we will listen but we are afraid
    that if God speaks to us, we will die. Moses
    replied, Dont be afraid God has only come to
    test you and make you keep on obeying him, so
    that you will not sin. (Exodus 2018-20)

7
The peoples response
  • There on the mountain the Lord spoke to you
    face-to-face from the fire. I stood between you
    and the Lord at that time to tell you what he
    said, because you were afraid of the fire and
    would not go up the mountain (Deuteronomy 54,5)
  • I stood as an intermediary between you and the
    LORD. (NLT)
  • I was the mediator and stood between the Lord
    and you at that time (Douay-Rheims Bible).

8
The peoples response
  • When the whole mountain was on fire and you
    heard the voice from the darkness, your leaders
    and the chiefs of your tribes came to me and
    said, The LORD our God showed us his greatness
    and his glory when we heard him speak from the
    fire! Today we have seen that it is possible for
    people to continue to live, even though God has
    spoken to them. But why should we risk death
    again? That terrible fire will destroy us. We are
    sure to die if we hear the LORD our God speak
    again. Has any human being ever lived after
    hearing the living God speak from a fire? Go
    back, Moses, and listen to everything that the
    LORD our God says. Then return and tell us what
    he said to you. We will listen and obey.

9
The peoples response
  • When the LORD heard this, he said to me, I have
    heard what these people said, and they are right.
    If only they would always feel this way! If only
    they would always honor me and obey all my
    commands, so that everything would go well with
    them and their descendants forever. Go and tell
    them to return to their tents. But you, Moses,
    stay here with me, and I will give you all my
    laws and commands. Teach them to the people, so
    that they will obey them in the land that I am
    giving them. (Deuteronomy 523-31)

10
Motives for obedience
  • 1. I obey God for hope of reward or from fear of
    punishment
  • 2. I obey God because I love him
  • 3. I obey God because I agree with him and his
    ways. The things that he has asked me to do make
    such good sense and it is, for me, the only
    reasonable way to live

11
What were the people asking for?
  • There on the mountain the Lord spoke to you
    face-to-face from the fire. I stood between you
    and the Lord at that time to tell you what he
    said, because you were afraid of the fire and
    would not go up the mountain (Deuteronomy 54,5)
  • I stood as an intermediary between you and the
    LORD. (NLT)
  • I was the mediator and stood between the Lord
    and you at that time (Douay-Rheims Bible).

12
Intercession
  • Did someone need to intercede between Moses and
    God?
  • He sees me face to face, and everything I say to
    him is perfectly clear. (Numbers 128 CEV)
  • The LORD would speak with Moses face-to-face,
    just as someone speaks with a friend. (Exodus
    3311 GN)
  • Did someone need to intercede between Jesus and
    sinners?
  • Later when Jesus was eating supper at Matthews
    house with his close followers, a lot of
    disreputable characters came and joined them.
    When the Pharisees saw him keeping this kind of
    company, they had a fit, and lit into Jesus
    followers. What kind of example is this from
    your Teacher, acting cozy with crooks and
    riff-raff? (Matthew 910,11, The Message).
  • Does someone need to intercede between us and the
    Father?
  • Is the Father different in character than the
    Son? Does he need to be pled with to forgive?

13
Intercession
  • Jesus pleads with the Father
  • I am writing this to you, my children, so that
    you will not sin but if anyone does sin, we have
    someone who pleads with the Father on our
    behalfJesus Christ, the righteous one (1 John
    21).
  • And so he is able, now and always, to save those
    who come to God through him, because he lives
    forever to plead with God for them (Hebrews
    725).
  • The Holy Spirit pleads with the Father
  • In the same way the Spirit also comes to help
    us, weak as we are. For we do not know how we
    ought to pray the Spirit himself pleads with God
    for us in groans that words cannot express
    (Romans 826).

14
Intercession
  • Who condemns us?
  • In view of all this, what can we say? If God is
    for us, who can be against us? Certainly not God,
    who did not even keep back his own Son, but
    offered him for us all! He gave us his Sonwill
    he not also freely give us all things? Who will
    accuse Gods chosen people? God himself declares
    them not guilty! Who, then, will condemn them?
    Not Christ Jesus, who died, or rather, who was
    raised to life and is at the right side of God,
    pleading with him for us! (Romans 834 - GN)
  • For I am certain that nothing can separate us
    from his love neither death nor life, neither
    angels nor other heavenly rulers or powers,
    neither the present nor the future, neither the
    world above nor the world below---there is
    nothing in all creation that will ever be able to
    separate us from the love of God which is ours
    through Christ Jesus our Lord. (Romans 838,39
    GN)

15
Intercession
  • If the Father has such great love for us and he
    does not accuse or condemn his children, why does
    he need to be pled with by the other two members
    of the Godhead?
  • Does one member of the Godhead have a different
    attitude towards us?
  • Forgive then, Father! They dont know what they
    are doing. (Luke 2334 GN)
  • If you have seen me, you have seen the Father
    The Father and I are one He reflects the
    brightness of Gods glory and is the exact
    likeness of Gods own being (John 1426 John
    1030 Hebrews 13).

16
Intercession
  • Who desires an intercessor?
  • People in rebellion standing at the foot of Mount
    Sinai
  • I am writing this to you, my children, so that
    you will not sin but if anyone does sin, we have
    someone who pleads with the Father on our
    behalfJesus Christ, the righteous one (1 John
    21).
  • God is willing to give us an intercessor if we
    are afraid of him. Are we afraid of gentle
    Jesus?
  • There on the mountain the Lord spoke to you
    face-to-face from the fire. I stood between you
    and the Lord at that time to tell you what he
    said, because you were afraid of the fire and
    would not go up the mountain (Deuteronomy 54,5)

17
God meets us where we are
  • You have heard that it was said An eye for an
    eye and a tooth for a tooth but now I tell you…
    (Matthew 538).
  • It was also said, Anyone who divorces his wife
    must give her a written notice of divorce. But
    now I tell you if a man divorces his wife for
    any cause other than her unfaithfulness, then he
    is guilty of making her commit adultery if she
    marries again and the man who marries her
    commits adultery also (Matthew 531,32)
  • Doesnt this contradict the OT?
  • Some Pharisees came and tried to trap him with
    this question Should a man be allowed to
    divorce his wife? What did Moses say about
    divorce? Jesus asked them. Well, he permitted
    it, they replied. He said a man merely has to
    write his wife an official letter of divorce and
    send her away. But Jesus responded, He wrote
    those instructions only as a concession to your
    hard-hearted wickedness (Mark 102-5, NLT).

18
God meets us where we are
  • The law was added so that if they were going to
    divorce, they at least do it in a humane way. He
    gave them that provision because they needed it.
    He met them where they were in a far less than
    ideal circumstance. The truth is
  • I hate divorce, says the Lord God of Israel. I
    hate it when one of you does such a cruel thing
    to his wife. Make sure that you do not break your
    promise to be faithful to your wife (Malachi
    216).
  • Intercession is God meeting us where we are if we
    are afraid of him
  • If only there were a verse that made intercession
    and the Fathers attitude towards us, plain and
    clear….

19
Jesus speaks plainly
  • I have told you these things in parables (veiled
    language, allegories, dark sayings) the hour is
    now coming when I shall no longer speak to you in
    figures of speech, but I shall tell you about the
    Father in plain words and openly (without
    reserve). (John 1625 - Amplified)
  • I have used examples to illustrate these things.
    The time is coming when I wont use examples to
    speak to you. Rather, I will speak to you about
    the Father in plain words. (GODS WORD)
  • Ive used figures of speech in telling you these
    things. Soon Ill drop the figures and tell you
    about the Father in plain language. (The
    Message)

20
Intercession
  • I have been speaking to you in parables - but
    the time is coming to give up parables and tell
    you plainly about the Father. When that time
    comes, you will make your requests to him in my
    own name, for I need make no promise to plead to
    the Father for you, for the Father himself loves
    you, because you have loved me and have believed
    that I came from God. Yes, I did come from the
    Father and I came into the world. Now I leave the
    world behind and return to the Father. Now you
    are speaking plainly, cried the disciples, and
    are not using parables. Now we know that
    everything is known to you - no more questions
    are needed. This makes us sure that you did come
    from God (John 1625-30, JB Phillips).
  • …and I do not promise to intercede with the
    Father for you, for the Father loves you
    himself… (Goodspeed)

21
How do we come to the Father?
  • So let us come boldly to the throne of our
    gracious God. There we will receive his mercy,
    and we will find grace… (Hebrews 416, NLT).

22
The 10 Commandments
  • Worship no god but me.
  • Do not make for yourselves images of anything in
    heaven or on earth or in the water under the
    earth. Do not bow down to any idol or worship it,
    because I am the LORD your God and I tolerate no
    rivals. I bring punishment on those who hate me
    and on their descendants down to the third and
    fourth generation. But I show my love to
    thousands of generations of those who love me and
    obey my laws.
  • Do not use my name for evil purposes, for I, the
    LORD your God, will punish anyone who misuses my
    name.
  • Observe the Sabbath and keep it holy. You have
    six days in which to do your work, but the
    seventh day is a day of rest dedicated to me. On
    that day no one is to work---neither you, your
    children, your slaves, your animals, nor the
    foreigners who live in your country. In six days
    I, the LORD, made the earth, the sky, the seas,
    and everything in them, but on the seventh day I
    rested. That is why I, the LORD, blessed the
    Sabbath and made it holy.

23
The 10 Commandments
  • Respect your father and your mother, so that you
    may live a long time in the land that I am giving
    you.
  • Do not commit murder.
  • Do not commit adultery.
  • Do not steal.
  • Do not accuse anyone falsely.
  • Do not desire another mans house do not desire
    his wife, his slaves, his cattle, his donkeys, or
    anything else that he owns. (Exodus 203-17 -
    GN)

24
Many additional requirements
  • Whoever hits his father or his mother is to be
    put to death…whoever curses his father or his
    mother is to be put to death (Exodus 2115,17
    GN)
  • Put to death any woman who practices magic. Put
    to death anyone who has sexual relations with an
    animal. Condemn to death anyone who offers
    sacrifices to any god except me, the LORD
    (Exodus 2218-20 GN)
  • Do not have sexual intercourse with any of your
    relatives. Do not disgrace your father by having
    intercourse with your mother. You must not
    disgrace your own mother…No man or woman is to
    have sexual relations with an animal that
    perversion makes you ritually unclean (Leviticus
    187,23 - GN)
  • Leviticus 15

25
The law
  • Was there a law before sin?
  • Why was it necessary to go into so much detail?
  • We know that the Law is good if it is used as it
    should be used. It must be remembered, of course,
    that laws are made, not for good people, but for
    lawbreakers and criminals, for the godless and
    sinful, for those who are not religious or
    spiritual, for those who kill their fathers or
    mothers, for murderers, for the immoral, for
    sexual perverts, for kidnappers, for those who
    lie and give false testimony or who do anything
    else contrary to sound doctrine. (1 Timothy
    18-10 - GN)

26
The law
  • What, then, was the purpose of the Law? It was
    added in order to show what wrongdoing is…
    (Galatians 319 - GN).
  • The law was added because we needed it when we
    were such rebels. Until the time when we were
    mature enough to respond freely in faith (trust)
    to the living God, we were carefully surrounded
    and protected by the Mosaic law. The law was like
    those Greek tutors, with which you are familiar,
    who escort children to school and protect them
    from danger or distraction, making sure the
    children will really get to the place they set
    out for. But now you have arrived at your
    destination By faith in Christ you are in direct
    relationship with God (Galatians 323-26, The
    Message).
  • paedagogue - a boy leader, that is, a servant
    whose office it was to take the children to
    school.
  • Once you come to love school and the Teacher, do
    you still need the tutor to take you to school?
  • Without the tutor, do you still go to school,
    keep the school rules, and spend time with the
    Teacher?
  • Are you still free?

27
The law
  • Children teeth-brushing
  • Does breaking the law result in a penalty imposed
    by God or does it result in natural consequences?
  • Do not make for yourselves images of anything in
    heaven or on earth or in the water under the
    earth. Do not bow down to any idol or worship it,
    because I am the LORD your God and I tolerate no
    rivals. I bring punishment on those who hate me
    and on their descendants down to the third and
    fourth generation. But I show my love to
    thousands of generations of those who love me and
    obey my laws.
  • Ezekiel individual responsibility. We are not
    punished by God for the sins of our parents.

28
The law God explains why so many details
  • I did this, because they had rejected my
    commands, broken my laws, profaned the Sabbath,
    and worshiped the same idols their ancestors had
    served. Then I gave them laws that are not good
    and commands that do not bring life (Ezekiel
    2024,25 GN)
  • The people of Israel are as stubborn as mules.
    How can I feed them like lambs in a meadow?
    (Hosea 416 GN)
  • Are we offended that God would stoop so low?

29
Strange laws for a strange time
  • Do not cook a young sheep or goat in its
    mothers milk (Exodus 2319 GN)
  • Weave the tunic of fine linen. Make the turban
    of fine linen. The sash will be the work of an
    embroiderer. Make tunics, sashes, and hats for
    Aarons sons to express glory and beauty. Dress
    your brother Aaron and his sons in them. Anoint,
    ordain, and consecrate them to serve me as
    priests. Make linen underwear to cover their
    nakedness from waist to thigh. (Exodus 2839-42
    The Message)
  • If you use stones to make my Altar, dont use
    dressed stones. If you use a chisel on the stones
    youll profane the Altar. Dont use steps to
    climb to my Altar because that will expose your
    nakedness. (Exodus 2025,26 The Message)

30
Strange laws for a strange time
  • Each of the flamboyant fertility cult festivals
    (orgies) were countered by a celebration in
    Israel (Exodus 23)
  • Passover - Unleavened bread Spring. Remember
    God who delivered them from Israel.
  • Harvest festival (firstfruits) June. Gratitude
    to God who gave them prosperity and health
  • Day of atonement - Feast of tabernacles (booths)
    Fall. Remember entry into the promised land and
    when they used to live in temporary booths

31
Strange laws for a strange time
  • Archaeological evidence
  • Even the temple design which God gave to Moses
    shared features of the Caananite temples of that
    time period
  • Anyone in that day would recognize it as a temple
  • God is meeting the people where they were
  • God is offering an attractive alternative to what
    was going on at that time
  • There is nothing arbitrary about the things God
    has asked us to do

32
What does the law point to?
  • Jesus answered, Love the Lord your God with all
    your heart, with all your soul, and with all your
    mind. This is the greatest and the most
    important commandment. The second most important
    commandment is like it Love your neighbor as
    you love yourself. (Matthew 2237-39 GN)
  • How did Jesus discover this?
  • Love the Lord your God with all your heart, with
    all your soul, and with all your strength
    (Deuteronomy 65). Do not mistreat foreigners
    who are living in your land. Treat them as you
    would an Israelite, and love them as you love
    yourselves (Leviticus 193,4).
  • If you happen to see your enemys cow or donkey
    running loose, take it back to him. If his donkey
    has fallen under its load, help him get the
    donkey to its feet again dont just walk off
    (Exodus 234,5).
  • If you lend money to any of my people who are
    poor, do not act like a moneylender and require
    him to pay interest (Exodus 2225 GN)

33
God distinguishes himself from all the other
gods
  • If you take any of your neighbor's clothes as
    collateral, give it back to him by sunset. It may
    be the only clothes he has to cover his body.
    What else will he sleep in? When he cries out to
    me, I will listen because I am compassionate
    (Exodus 2226,27 GODS WORD)
  • Dont pass on malicious gossip. Dont link up
    with a wicked person and give corrupt testimony.
    Dont go along with the crowd in doing evil and
    dont fudge your testimony in a case just to
    please the crowd. And just because someone is
    poor, dont show favoritism in a dispute.
    (Exodus 231-3 The Message)
  • Do not mistreat a foreigner you know how it
    feels to be a foreigner, because you were
    foreigners in Egypt (Exodus 239 GN)

34
What does the law point to?
  • Be under obligation to no one---the only
    obligation you have is to love one another.
    Whoever does this has obeyed the Law. The
    commandments, Do not commit adultery do not
    commit murder do not steal do not desire what
    belongs to someone else---all these, and any
    others besides, are summed up in the one command,
    Love your neighbor as you love yourself. If you
    love others, you will never do them wrong to
    love, then, is to obey the whole Law. (Romans
    138-10)

35
What does the law point to?
  • And now I give you a new commandment love one
    another. As I have loved you, so you must love
    one another. If you have love for one another,
    then everyone will know that you are my
    disciples. (John 1334,35 GN)

36
What does the law point to?
  • Ive loved you the way my Father has loved me.
    Make yourselves at home in my love. If you keep
    my commands, youll remain intimately at home in
    my love. Thats what Ive done - kept my Father's
    commands and made myself at home in his love.
    Ive told you these things for a purpose that my
    joy might be your joy, and your joy wholly
    mature. This is my command Love one another the
    way I loved you (John 159-12, The Message).

37
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