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Worldviews Christian Theism

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( holy and loving) Worldview: Christian Theism. 11. What is the nature of the world? ... error in their day! Worldview: Christian Theism. 20. Analysis & Summary ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Worldviews Christian Theism


1
Worldviews Christian Theism
  • Berea PCA Church
  • Fall 2007
  • kvworley_at_msn.com

2
Creation Fall
  • A gentle breeze was blowing, the air was heavenly
    sweet, life was so complete,
  • In a picture-perfect garden, while the sun went
    down, you could hear the sound,
  • Of a man and woman crying, saying what have we
    done.
  • We made our choice and now were dying. And
    weve got to leave this place and hide from Gods
    face.
  • But this is where we belong! Where you and I
    were meant to be from now on.
  • Made by the Father to live in his love. Its the
    purpose and plan for the heart of man.
  • This is where we belong.
  • Steven Curtis Chapman Where We Belong

3
Redemption
  • The warm winds of change were blowing, after
    years and years of hopeless tears.
  • One man became the doorway, that would lead back
    to the place where life was new.
  • A place just like the gardenwhere we walk and
    talk with God. The way creation started. Where
    each heart and soul can come and behold.
  • This is where we belong! Where you and I were
    meant to be all along.
  • Made by the Father to live in his love. Its the
    purpose and plan for the heart of man.
  • This is where we belong.
  • Steven Curtis Chapman Where We Belong

4
Man has meaning
  • Like the stars belong in the sky.
  • Like a fish belongs in the water.
  • Just like children, you and I
  • We belong in the hands of the Father.
  • This is where we belong! Where you and I were
    meant to be from now on.
  • Made by the Father to live in his love. Its the
    purpose and plan for the heart of man.
  • This is where we belong.
  • Steven Curtis Chapman Where We Belong

5
  • Creation
  • Where did we come from? In the beginning, God
    created (Gen 11)
  • Who are we? God created man in his own image
    (Gen 127)
  • Fall
  • What has gone wrong with the world? All have
    sinned and fall short of the glory of God
    (Romans 323)
  • Redemption
  • What can be done to fix the problem? Christ was
    sacrificed once to take away the sins of many
    people (Hebrews 928)

6
Outline
  • How Should We Then Live? (video)
  • Francis Schaeffer shows influence of worldview
    on progression of Western Civilization The
    Middle Ages
  • Presentation of alternative worldviews
  • Christian Theism

7
What is worldview?
  • A worldview is a commitment, a fundamental
    orientation of the heart, that can be expressed
    in a story or as a set of presuppositions
    (starting assumptions) which we hold about the
    basic constitution of reality, and that provides
    the foundation of on which we live and move and
    have our being
  • James Sire, The Universe Next Door

8
EST Scientology TM etc
Bahais
Jehovahs Witnesses Mormons
Only 12 of evangelicals know what worldview is,
and only 4 said they needed to know anything
about it.
Remember!!
9
Christian Worldview Summary
  • What is really real? The Triune God
  • What is the nature of the world around us?
    Orderly creation, not (Macro)Evolution
  • What is man? Soul body, image-bearer
  • What happens at death? Judgement, Eternal life
    or death
  • Why is it possible to know anything? Absolute
    truth exists, God reveals truth generally
    specially
  • How do we know right from wrong? By nature and
    moral law. Morals are absolute
  • What is the meaning of history? Purposeful and
    linear (Creation / Fall / Redemption / Judgement)

Remember!!
10
What is really real?
  • God is the prime reality, but be discerning.
    God is an empty term these days...
  • God is not the same as Allah (Islam) or the
    Clockmaker (Deism)
  • God is
  • Infinite (existed before the universe)
  • Personal
  • Three personsFather, Son, Holy Spirit
  • Who is Jesus? is great question to discern
    persons worldview
  • Transcendent (above/separate from us)
  • Immanent (with us)
  • Good! (holy and loving)

11
What is the nature of the world?
  • Christians are creationists. How was the world
    was created?
  • God created out of nothing. Matter is not
    eternal. (Naturalism). Matter had a beginning.
  • God created in a specific order, in six days, and
    created everything whole from the start.
  • What about the Big Bang Theory??? Evolution???
  • Creation is orderly (design is apparent)
  • There is real beauty/pleasure but also
    pain/cruelty due to Fall.
  • Creation is an open system
  • Are miracles then possible???

12
Diagnostic Questions
  • What is really real? (God, gods, Cosmos)
  • What is the nature of the world around us?
    (Orderly, Chaotic, Closed, Open)
  • What is a human being?
  • What happens at death?
  • Why is it possible to know anything?
  • How do we know right from wrong?
  • What is the meaning of history?

Remember!!
13
What is a human being?
  • Issues? Abortion, Stem Cells, Euthanasia,
    Slavery, etc all tie back to this. Its hugely
    important!
  • Why are you here as opposed to not being here?
  • Man has a soul and a body
  • Man has a problemhe is basically evil because of
    the Fall of Man
  • Man has great worth, made in the image of God
  • Personality (which comes from personal Creator)
  • Dignity Purpose (man can be great)
  • Freedom of will (were not robots)
  • Intelligent (able to know and think logically)
  • Moral

14
What happens at death?
  • Each man will experience physical death as result
    of the Fall.
  • Why are we so surprised that tragedies happen?
  • Each man has one earthly life.
  • No reincarnation (vs New Age, Eastern religions)
  • Man faces eternal judgement by God
  • Eternal life with God (Heaven)
  • Eternal separation from God (Hell)
  • Basis of judgement is relationship to Christ, not
    works
  • How many people who profess a Christian worldview
    still believe they are saved by works?
  • If God asks, Why should I let you into heaven?,
    what would you say?

15
Diagnostic Questions
  • What is really real? (God, gods, Cosmos)
  • What is the nature of the world around us?
    (Orderly, Chaotic, Closed, Open)
  • What is a human being?
  • What happens at death?
  • Why is it possible to know anything?
  • How do we know right from wrong?
  • What is the meaning of history?

Remember!!
16
How can we know anything?
  • Absolute truth exists (vs Post-Modernism).
  • God has revealed enough truth. How?
  • General revelation (Rom 119-20)
  • Available to all, gives evidence of Gods
    existence
  • Not sufficient for knowing how to be right with
    God
  • Special revelation (Scripture, Christ)
  • Scripture gives truth to all areas of life it
    speaks
  • Man is hindered by the Fall (pride in reason)

17
How do we know right wrong?
  • All men are born with a sense of right and wrong
  • Romans 214-15 says we know the law instinctively
  • CS Lewis discusses this in Mere Christianity
  • Moral law is explained in Scripture
  • 10 Commandments
  • Specific commands prohibitions throughout
  • Jesus life and teaching as shown in Gospels
  • Christianity is morally absolute, not morally
    relative. Even other worldviews admire the
    strength of Christian morals.

18
What is meaning of history?
  • History is linear (vs cyclical), purposeful
  • Creation (there was a beginning to time, matter)
  • Fall (the source of mans problems)
  • God reveals himself to his people, gives Law
  • Redemption in Jesus life, death resurrection
  • These occurred in real history (vs New Age)
  • Second Coming Final Judgement
  • Eternity beyond time and space
  • Thus our lives are able to have meaning also.
    Mankind being redeemed is part of the story.

19
The Middle Ages
  • Christian community started simply organized,
    centered around singing psalms/hymns, breaking
    bread, Bible (the infallible Word of God).
  • Change in art signaled coming change in culture
    and new opportunities to syncretise.
  • Tension from mysticism (Gregorian chants).
  • Tension from worldly lust (Popes) vs. monasticism
    (Francis of Assisi).
  • Tension from power-sharing betwen Church and
    State (Christendom)
  • Authority between Bible and Church became
    divided.
  • Aquinas had incomplete view of Fall (intellect
    not fallen, led to autonomy of reason).
    Reintroduced Aristotle (particulars to
    universals)
  • Is the Bible really necessary? (Gods revelation
    diminished, Church distorted the Bible,
    ultimately leading to justification by works.)
  • Resisting syncretism (Reformation) started with
    Wycliffe, Huss and others before reaffirming the
    truth of the Bible centuries before Luther and
    Calvin. They saw the error in their day!

20
Analysis Summary
  • Dominant worldview (300 AD 1800 AD)
  • Threatened by advances in science
  • The Renaissance Enlightenment brought doubt
  • Deism (next week) was short-lived attempt to
    accommodate science, and based on rejection of
    the Bible.
  • Under attack by
  • Deism (which rejects the Bible)
  • Naturalism
  • Secular Humanism in schools, media, law,
    business, etc.
  • Marxism rejects all spirituality/religion.
  • Post-Modernism treats truth as a fiction.
  • New Age (Jesus was not historical, many paths to
    God)
  • Islam (No god but Allah to them)

21
Dangers in Pop Culture
  • Bias toward novelty instant gratification
  • Visual entertainment (TV)
  • What worldview was expressed in the last TV show
    you watched? The last movie? The last song on
    the radio? The last newscast?
  • Images inhibit communicating abstract ideas (e.g.
    the gospel, grace, faith).
  • Passive and time-consuming.
  • Unwillingness to think deeply or critically
    (reflect, read, study to know truth and discern
    error).
  • Do you know how to discern the appearance of the
    sky, but cannot discern the signs of the times?
    (Matt 163)
  • Bias against anything old (e.g. Christianity),
    toward anything new leads to faddish worldviews
    like New Age Post-Modernism. Progress as
    idol.
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