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HOLY SPIRIT IN THE NEW TESTAMENT CHURCH

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HOLY SPIRIT IN THE NEW TESTAMENT CHURCH. THE COMMISSIONING OF THE CHURCH. COMMISSIONING ... True Christian preaching always something of the prophetic involved ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: HOLY SPIRIT IN THE NEW TESTAMENT CHURCH


1
HOLY SPIRIT IN THE NEW TESTAMENT CHURCH
  • THE COMMISSIONING OF THE CHURCH

2
COMMISSIONING
  • PentecostActs 2
  • Proclamation
  • Why tongues?
  • Tongues and the spread of the Gospel

3
PENTECOST
  • Who were the persons involved
  • Where were they?
  • When do these events take place?
  • What phenomena occurred?

4
THE PEOPLE INVOLVED
  • 21, allrefers back to chapter 1
  • 12, apostles whom He had chosen.
  • 13, 4, wait for the promise. . .
  • 16, came together with questions
  • 112-14, return to Jerusalem
  • 115, about 120 persons . . .
  • No division of group until 214
  • They were believers . . .

5
WHERE WERE THEY?
  • In Jerusalem
  • 14, Jesus command
  • 112, they returned to Jerusalem
  • 214, Men of Judea, and all you who live in
    Jerusalem

6
WHERE WERE THEY?
  • In an upper room
  • 113, upper room where they were staying
  • Room in which Last Supper was held
  • Room where Jesus appeared after resurrection
    (Luke 2433, 36 John 2019, 26)
  • House of Mary, mother of John Mark (Acts 1212)
  • Architecture of the day?
  • Large crowd to assemble?

7
WHERE WERE THEY?
  • In the Temple
  • Luke 2452-53, continually in the temple,
    praising God.
  • Acts 246, continuing with one mind in the
    temple
  • Festival day
  • Large crowd assembled quickly

8
WHEN? PENTECOST
  • Pentekoste, fiftieth
  • Exodus 2316 3422
  • Lev. 2315-21
  • Num. 2826-31
  • Deut. 169-12
  • Possible linkage to the giving of the Law at
    SinaiMaimonides (1135-1204)

9
WHAT?
  • Verses 2-3
  • Sound of a violent wind
  • Old Testament precedents
  • New Testament precedents
  • Tongues of fire
  • Singular visual, that divided
  • Associated with the presence of God
  • John the Baptist (Matt. 311 Luke 316)
  • Relevance of sound and visual?

10
WHAT?
  • Verse 4
  • Allpantes, same all as 21
  • Were filledeplesthesan
  • Began to speakarzanto lalein
  • With other tongues eterais glossais
  • As the Spirit was giving them utteranceapophthe
    ngesthai
  • Content of tongues211

11
WHAT?
  • Verse 5
  • Katoikeolive, dwell, settle
  • Eulabasdevotion and commitment
  • Verses 6-13
  • What drew the crowd?
  • Each hearing their own language
  • The responses of the crowd

12
COMMISSIONING
  • PentecostActs 2
  • Proclamation
  • Why tongues?
  • Tongues and the spread of the Gospel

13
PROCLAMATION
  • Peter preaches214
  • Peter, the spokesperson
  • Peter stands
  • Peter raises his voice, eparen
  • Peter declares to them, apophthengesthai
  • True Christian preachingalways something of the
    prophetic involved

14
PROCLAMATION
  • Peters kerygma, 214-39
  • Defense of the present situation (v. 15)
  • The text (vv. 16-21, from Joel 228-32)
  • Explanation of the Christ-event (vv. 22-24)
  • Scriptural defense of the resurrection (vv.
    25-35)
  • The thesis of the sermon (v. 36)
  • The appeal (v. 38-39)

15
COMMISSIONING
  • PentecostActs 2
  • Proclamation
  • Why tongues?
  • Tongues and the spread of the Gospel

16
WHY TONGUES?
  • A traditional answer
  • Tongues are an external evidence
  • Tongues are a uniform evidence
  • Tongues reveal the personality of the Spirit
  • Tongues evidence the truth of Spirit baptism
  • Tongues are a testimony to the nature of the
    Spirit-filled, Spirit-led life

17
WHY TONGUES?
  • Another answerthe reversal of Babel
  • Babel, the most obvious language event in the OT
    Pentecost the most obvious language event in the
    NT
  • Similarities between the two accounts
  • Contrasts between the two accounts
  • God chose tongues as the unique sign of Spirit
    Baptism to signify the universality of the Gospel

18
WHY TONGUES?
PENTECOST
BABEL
Universal Revelation
Universal Revelation
Restricted Revelation (Israel)
19
COMMISSIONING
  • PentecostActs 2
  • Proclamation
  • Why tongues?
  • Tongues and the spread of the Gospel

20
TONGUES AND THE SPREAD
  • The Juncture Theory
  • Juncture OnePentecost, Jerusalem (Acts 2)
  • Juncture TwoCornelius, Caesarea, (Acts 10)
  • Juncture ThreeDisciples of John, Ephesus, (Acts
    19)
  • Benefits of this theory
  • Acts does have a progression (Acts 18)
  • Explains why Luke uses tongues selectively

21
TONGUES AND THE SPREAD
  • Arguments against the juncture theory
  • Why was not tongues mentioned in the Samaria
    revival (Acts 8)?
  • There are other instances of tongues in the New
    Testament (other than Acts 2, 10, 19)

22
TIMELINE
  • A.D. 29-30, Acts 2, Pentecost
  • A.D. 30-32, Acts 8, Samaria
  • A.D. 31-33, Acts 9, Sauls conversion
  • A.D. 33-35, Acts 10, Cornelius house
  • A.D. 53-55, Acts 18, Paul in Corinth
  • A.D. 53-55, Acts 19, Ephesian disciples
  • A.D. 55, 1 Corinthians written from Ephesus

23
OBSERVATIONS
  • 1 Corinthians 12 shows that glossolalia was a
    prominent aspect of worship in Corinth
  • Precedes writing of the letter
  • Could have begun during Pauls ministry there
    (A.D. 53-55)
  • 1 Corinthians 14 shows Paul a tongues-speaker
  • When did he begin?
  • Had to be before writing the letter (A.D. 55)

24
OBSERVATIONS
  • More occurrences of glossolalia than merely the
    three in Acts
  • Could argue that Luke chose to include
    glossolalia because it was commonly accepted
  • Deuteronomy 1915b, on the evidence of two or
    three witnesses . . .
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